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TRAVELLING NATURALIST TRIP REPORT


The Peloponnese

Saturday 26 March - Sunday 3 April 2005


Leader

Stephanie Coghlan

Tour Manager and Guide

Gareth Trewartha

Bus Driver

George Theofanakis





Diary

Saturday 26th March Sunny and hazy.

The group gathered at Terminal 1 and we had a pleasant flight to Athens and were met by Gareth and George our bus driver.

We were on our way by 2.30 and we stopped for some birdwatching at the Corinth Canal where Blue Rock Thrush and a fine male Redstart were seen before we tucked into Greek sticky cakes and tried our first iced coffees, and learnt to say frappé, parakalo.

We continued south to Tripolis and passed through mountains and plains, with signs of Spring just beginning with roadside irises and anemones. We passed Megalopolis and Kalamata and arrived at Pylos just as the light was fading. We were given a warm welcome and enjoyed dinner in the hotel, before putting our clocks forward again as Summer Time began.



Sunday 27th March Sunny

The tour began at Nestor’s Palace, a fine Mycenean site overlooking the bay. “Sandy Pylos” as described in The Iliad. We explored the famous site, admired the bathtub, and identified our first birds and flowers.

We continued on to Methoni and explored the castle, finding Little Owl in just the same hole in the wall as last year. Inside there were Cerinthe major, Honeywort and Virginia Stock all over the castle, as well as Wild Leek, and we walked out to the sea gate and the causeway to the octagonal Turkish Tower, The Bourdzi, here there were several salt tolerant species growing in the walls.

We continued our circuit of the castle and had very good views of a male Subalpine Warbler. Meanwhile Gareth had prepared a picnic lunch under a tamarisk by the sea and we saw Little Ringed Plover, Common Sandpiper and White Wagtail on the beach, and in the fields behind found Blackcap, Fan-tailed Warbler and Whitethroat.

We concluded the picnic with small Easter eggs and, after this leisurely lunch, we rushed off to see Pylos Castle and had just half an hour there before it closed at 15.00. As there is a museum, many fortifications and lots of flowers and birds we were sorry to cut our time there short.

After exploring outside the walls we went back along he road for about 2km and at the road junction for Methoni found an excellent field full of flowers, bulbs and orchids which kept us busy identifying them.

The party was tiring so some returned to Pylos to take coffee and tea in the Three Admirals Square, named in honour of the Battle of Navarino in 1827, while others kept botanising and walked home.

We had another good dinner in the hotel; Gareth gave us an introductory talk to Gialova and Navarino Bay with slides and we started the checklist.



Monday March 28th Breezy. Sunny intervals.

After breakfast we went to the Gialova lagoon. Here, we were met by Natasha and Nikos who are volunteers at the lagoon, working for the Hellenic Ornithological Society. Nikos took us to see the African Chameleon Project in the sand dunes, and explained the problems of protecting this species, which is only found in Europe at Gialova. Back at the lagoon we found lots of Chiffchaffs and Blackcaps as well as Fan-tailed Warbler, a flock of Yellow Wagtails with one Ortolan Bunting with them, and heard Curlews and there were several Greater Flamingos and an Osprey wintering. There were ducks such as Shoveler, Pintail, and Wigeon as well as Great White Egret and Little Egrets.

We had a picnic lunch by the sea and spent the rest of the afternoon in a valley leading to a waterfall looking at flowers and birds. We saw several species of orchid, as well as anemones and cyclamen endemic to the Peloponnese.

Gareth gave us another slide show to illustrate our proposed tour, before we had dinner at a taverna at Gialova, where the food was excellent, with masses of small starter dishes and we had to learn not to clear our plates.



Tuesday 29th March Hazy and sunny

We left at 9.00 and passed Kalamata and, out onto the Outer Mani, we began to climb with wonderful views down to the coast. At 11.00 at Kardamili we had coffee and then walked up to the old town, now very well labelled and explored the Ag. Sofia Gorge. The path was steady and there were lots of flowers to interest us.

We went to Lela's Taverna for lunch. Later we stopped at Ag. Nikolaos Chapel at Platsa to birdwatch and botanise. We checked into the Porto Vitilo Hotel, admired the décor, before meeting to hold a checklist and had dinner at the Black Pirate’s restaurant. We ate fish soup and swordfish steaks and retired replete.



Wednesday 30th March Sunny, cloudy intervals. Cloud later.

After an early morning walk, we breakfasted at 8.00 on a magnificent spread, and had a choice of the Maniot breakfast or the more usual cereals, fruit, croissant and toast.

We set of at 9.00 to explore Upper Vitilo and the group walked down to the monastery, on the old road now overgrown with vegetation and full of flowers, Blackcaps and butterflies. At the Moni Dekoulos (Zodochou Pigis Monastery) the church was covered in frescoes, which were depicting stories from the Bible, the private owner came to open it for us. We returned to the hotel to use the loos and change our footwear.

Setting off again we drove to Pirgos Dirou and took the boat trip in the caves, which are covered in stalactites and stalagmites. The museum covering the Neolithic period was very interesting and we were startled to discover an earthquake had ended the original occupation of the caves. Lunch was taken at a Taverna in the centre of Areopolis and we enjoyed the typical Greek experience of looking at all the dishes in the Taverna before placing our orders.

We set off to explore old Areopolis town, where the fight for Greek Independence began in 1821 began with Mavromichalis declaring freedom for the Mani, and the outside of the churches, as well as exploring a Tower House Hotel, where there was a Wood Warbler in the garden. We had coffee in the square and some walked back from Vitilo to the hotel finding Collared Flycatcher in the olive groves and more birds on the rough ground behind the beach. After the log at 7.00 we went back to the Black Pirate’s Taverna for another large meal.



Thursday 31st 2005 Overcast,with light showers.

We had an early morning walk at 7.30 but it was cold and windy so there were few migrants apart from Swallows, but a Booted Eagle came along the ridge.

After another excellent breakfast we set off through Areopolis towards Cape Teneron (Matapan). As we arrived flocks of pipits crossed the road, and while having coffee, Wryneck was found. We set off to walk to the Lighthouse, but were soon distracted by the flowers, we found orchids, tulips and many more, but the determined reached the southernmost point of mainland Europe: an appropriate destination for Derek’s birthday.

We lunched at Porto Kagio and avoided a shower. Vathia was our next stop and we walked around the town exploring the alleyways and looking at the towers yet to be restored. We called in at Gerolimenas Harbour and found distant Blue Rock Thrush, and Steve demonstrated his dog training skills.

Some went birdwatching along the coast back at Vitilo Bay. Gareth showed some pictures via his laptop to illustrate the Mani, before we went out to dinner at Areopolis, where we had an ever changing range of small plates, which were all delicious. A fine birthday cake was also produced.



Friday 1st April Sunny and windy.

After an early morning walk and breakfast we drove over the hill and through a valley to Gythion, and at Skala turned off to the Evrotas and set off to the river and the sand dunes. The river at the bridge was quiet and full, due to rain and snow-melt, and orange delivery lorries were blocking the route so we had to abandon the dune visit.

At Momenvasia, we arrived before lunch and a summit party set off despite the strong wind to climb to the chapel. We enjoyed wonderful views and found Rock Campanula, Giant Fennel, Henbane and Squirting Cucumber as well as Blue Rock Thrush, amongst the stones. We lunched in a taverna just across the causeway and drove home.

On our return some walked the last kilometre to birdwatch and there was a huge passage of Swifts - both Common and Alpine - and Red-rumped Swallows amongst the Barn Swallows. We held the log and Gareth’s computer enhanced our tour again. We had another good meal of fish and salads at Limenas and enjoyed their log fire.



Saturday April 2nd Sunny, very cold wind.

Another early walk was quiet. After breakfast we left at 9.00 and drove north through Githion to Sparta. There was plenty of new snow on the Taygetus Mts, making a very scenic backdrop.

We spent the morning walking down through the flowers as well as absorbing the history of ancient Mystra with its churches, public buildings and many narrow roadways. We had our picnic at the Kervata Springs in the Mystras Gorge and then walked in the Parori Gorge where we found more orchids and spring bulbs. We heard Wren but it proved elusive for many of us.

After the challenges of the Cape Teneron Lighthouse and the Monemvassia summit, the group went for the two-chapels challenge and while most reached the chapel in the cave, a smaller group reached the one at the head of the gorge which was 2 Km, but was judged worth the hike.

Our final stop was at the Museum of Olive Oil where we enjoyed some excellent coffees, and we explored this modern museum, which explained the history and wealth associated with olive oil. At our hotel we had another traditional dinner and discovered the wine fund had lasted the week.



Sunday April 3 rd Sunny, some cloud, cool wind.

We left at 8.30 and drove back through the mountains, past Lake Taka, which is now a reservoir, with no birds to Nauplion Bay, where there were plenty of birds. A few waders, Great White and Little Egrets and some Mediterranean Gulls to whet our appetites, but then more waders flew in past Nea Kios, and we found a garage layby to bird watch from as stopping is not allowed on the road. Here we found Caspian, and Sandwich Terns as well as Greenshank, Grey Plover, and Ruff. Further along the road at the pools Garganey, Teal and Pintail shared them with 20+ Black-winged Stilts.

We had a brief stop in Nauplion and admired the architecture and the main square before going on to Mycenae. Here the restaurant advised an early lunch, so we tried our favourites from the week’s menus and finished off the wine fund.

The tour finished with an exploration of Mycenae and Gareth directed us to the Citadel, the Postern Gate and the Cistern, with 99 steps down to the water source, as well as the more famous Grave circle with the Golden Masks, copies of which we were able to see in the new Museum. Our last stop was the huge beehive tomb known as the Treasury of Atreus. Then it was back in the coach and off to Athens airport, where we held the final checklist.

We had seen over 105 species of birds, countless flowers and travelled through history, from the Neolithic through the Myceneans, Byzantines, Venetians and Turks to the modern Greek State, enjoyed good weather, along with large amounts of Greek food and plenty of good company.



Stephanie Coghlan

Gareth Trewartha

April 2005



SPECIES LISTS

BIRDS

Great Cormorant
Seen at Gialova 28.3. Several at Nauplion Bay 3.4.

Night Heron 6 flying in off the sea at Methoni Castle 27.3.

Squacco Heron 1 at Vitilo Bay 28.3. and 1 on Evrotas river 1.4.

Little Egret Singles at Gialova 28.3. and at Nauplion Bay 3.4.

Great White Egret 2 at Gialova lagoon and 1 at Nauplion Bay at 3.4.

Grey Heron Several at Gialova lagoon 28.3. One Evrotas Delta 1.4. and a few Nauplion Bay 3.4.

Greater Flamingo 8+ at Gialova lagoon 28.3.

Mute Swan One on nest at Gialova lagoon 28.3.

Wigeon Small flock at Gialova lagoon 28.3.

Teal Small flock at Gialova lagoon 28.3 and at Nauplion Bay 3.4.

Mallard Several at Gialova lagoon 28.3.

Pintail Several at Gialova lagoon 28.3. and 1 female Nauplion Bay 3.4.

Garganey 50+ on the sea off Kardamili Bay 29.3. 4+ including 2 males at Nauplion Bay pools 3.4.

Northern Shoveler Small flock at Gialova Lagoon 28.3.

Marsh Harrier Several at Gialova lagoon. Singles on 27.3 and 2.4. at Porto Vitilo Hotel.

Buzzard Resident, Common recorded daily.

Osprey
One wintering at Gialova lagoon 28.3.

Short-toed Eagle One seen 30.4. and 1.4. and 2 on 2.4. at Vitilo Bay.

Booted Eagle One on 31.3. at Vitilo Bay.

Kestrel   Resident recorded almost daily.

Hobby Singles seen on 3 days.

Moorhen Only seen in a pool near the Evrotas river.

Coot Several flocks at Gialova lagoon 28.3.

Black-winged Stilt Seen at Gialova lagoon 28.3. and 20+ at Nauplion pools 3.4.

Little Ringed Plover Small flocks 4-6 at Gialova lagoon and 10+ at Nauplion 3.4.

Ringed Plover Single at Nauplion Bay 3.4.

Kentish Plover Flock of 10+ at Gialova lagoon 28.4.

Grey Plover 4+ at Nauplion Bay 28.4.

Little Stint Glimpsed at Gialova and Nauplion.

Ruff Small flock at Nauplion Bay 3.4.

Curlew Flock of 12 arriving at Gialova lagoon on 28.3. and 2 at Nauplion Bay 3.4.

Redshank 1+ at Nauplion Bay 3.4.

Greenshank 1+ at Nauplion Bay 3.4.

Green Sandpiper Several at Gialova Lagoon 28.3.

Common Sandpiper Singles at Gialova Lagoon and Vitilo Bay.

Little Gull One in breeding plumage at Nauplion Bay 3.4.

Black-headed Gull Small flock in winter plumage and moulting at Nauplion Bay 3.4.

Mediterranean Gull 2 at Nauplion Bay 3.4.

Yellow-legged Gull Common in small numbers daily, along coast. Large nesting colonies on the small rocky islands east of Gythion.

Caspian Tern Three or more at Nauplion Bay 3.4.

Sandwich Tern Small flock seen at Nauplion Bay 3.4.

Rock Dove (Feral Pigeon) Common except in Inner Mani.

Collared Dove Common in small numbers daily.

Tawny Owl Heard at Vitilo Bay Hotel, and at Pylos Castle.

Little Owl 2 on the Castle at Methoni on 28.3.

Common Swift 10+ Pylos 27.3. then daily in flocks.

Alpine Swift Small numbers seen with Swift flocks from 31.3.

Kingfisher Two recorded at Gialova lagoon 28.3.

Hoopoe Singles seen daily from 28.3.-1.4.

Wryneck One at Gialova lagoon 28.3. Two on 31.3 at Cape Teneron.

Crested Lark Singing at Gialova lagoon, Cape Teneron and Nauplion Bay.

Short-toed Lark 10+ at Gialova Lagoon 28.3.

Swallow Common; recorded daily.

Red-rumped Swallow One or two seen daily within other flocks of swallows from 30.4. and pairs at suitable breeding sites.

House Martin Recorded daily with other hirundines. Breeding in Vitilo Bay village.

Tree Pipit Small flocks of 3+ from 27.3. Over 30 in a flock near Cape Teneron.

Red-throated Pipit: Two at Vitilo Hotel 30.3.

Yellow Wagtail Flocks of 40+ 28.3. Singles at Cape Teneron.

Grey Wagtail Two at Kervata Springs 2.4. and Nauplion Bay 3.4.

White Wagtail Singles daily.

Dipper One flew over us at the picnic at Kervata Springs 2.4.

Wren Heard in Parori Gorge, Kervata Springs, and at Mystras.

Nightingale Heard at Vathia on 31.3.

Black Redstart Seen at Vitilo Bay Hotel.

Common Redstart A male seen at the Corinth Canal.

Whinchat Singles from 27.3. at Gialova and Vitilo Bay.

Stonechat Seen at Gialova and then daily from 29.3.

Wheatear Single males on passage on three days.

Blue Rock Thrush Seen and heard at Corinth Canal, Gerolimenas harbour, at Monemvassia and Mycenae.

Blackbird
Resident and common. recorded daily.

Cetti's Warbler Heard, but not usually seen, daily at all sites.

Fan-tailed Warbler Heard and seen at Methoni Bay, Gialova lagoon, and Vitilo Bay.

Sedge Warbler Seen at Gialova lagoon. 28.3. and at Kervata Springs 2.4.

Subalpine Warbler One male at Methoni Castle and 1.4. and at Gerolimenas harbour.

Sardinian Warbler Seen and heard 29.3. and 1.4. and in suitable habitats with Mediterranean shrubs around Hotel Vitilo Bay.

Whitethroat Seen at Pylos, Methoni Bay and at Vitilo Bay.

Blackcap Common very large numbers moving through daily.

Wood Warbler One in garden at the Tower House Hotel in Areopolis on 30.3

Chiffchaff Many at Gialova lagoon and Schinolaka valley 28.3. & Methoni, Pylos 27.3. Gialova Lagoon 28.3. and Krevata Springs 2.4.

Willow Warbler One at Gialova Lagoon 28.3.

Collared Flycatcher Two males on 30.3. and 31.3. with one male on 30.3. at Porto Vitilo olive groves and the other male near Cape Teneron 31.3.

Blue Tit Small numbers seen throughout the week, usually in the hills.

Great Tit Common; recorded daily.

Sombre Tit One at Mycenae Palace 3.4.

Rock Nuthatch Seen at Methoni Castle, 27.3. 29.3. Ag. Sofia Gorge, Kardamili, Dirou Caves 30.3. and Gerolimenas Harbour 31.3. One at Mycenae Palace 3.4.

Jay Common singles recorded almost daily.

Magpie Common seen daily except in the Inner Mani.

Jackdaw Common in small flocks.

Hooded Crow Common resident recorded daily except in the Inner Mani

Raven Recorded in singles or pairs.

Starling A few seen on the way to Pylos 26.3. only.

House Sparrow
Common; recorded everywhere daily in towns, villages, and in the countryside.

Spanish Sparrow One at Vitilo Bay 1.4.

Tree Sparrow Small flock at Gialova lagoon 28.3.

Chaffinch Common breeding resident except in the Inner Mani.

Serin Only one seen at Vitilo Bay in the olive groves.

Greenfinch Common recorded daily.

Goldfinch Common recorded in small flocks daily.

Linnet Small flock at Mycenae 3.4.

Cirl Bunting Heard and seen near and at Vitilo Bay and Mycenae.

Ortolan Bunting
One with a flock of yellow Wagtails at Gialova Lagoon.

Reed Bunting Seen at Gialova lagoon 28.3.

Corn Bunting Heard at Gialova Lagoon, and seen at Cape Teneron 31.3. and Vitilo Bay.





MAMMALS

Beech Marten
Several corpses on the roadsides and signs everywhere of their presence.

Eastern Hedgehog One roadside kill near Kalamata 26.3.

Fox Roadside kill on 3.4.



AMPHIBIANS

Marsh Frog
Seen at Gialova lagoon and heard calling there and at Nauplion Bay.



REPTILES

European Pond Terrapin
Two in a concrete drain at Gialova Lagoon and several at the stream and waterfall at Schinolaka Valley.

Peloponnese Wall Lizard Common

Hermann’s Tortoise Two at the orchid field in Schinolaka Valley.

Marginated Tortoise One at Krevata Springs 2.4, where we had our picnic.



BUTTERFLIES

Swallowtail
Papilio machon Fairly Common

Scarce Swallowtail Iphiclides podalirus Fairly Common

Southern Festoon Zerynthia polyxena Seen on two days and photographed

Large White Artogeia rapae Common

Small White Artogeia rapae (mania) Common

Wood White Leptidea sinapsis Seen on 28th and 29th March.

Orange Tip
Anthocharis cardamines Seen on 29th & 30th.

Eastern Orange Tip A. damone Only seen on 28th.

Clouded Yellow Colias crocea Fairly common

Brimstone Gonepteryx rhamni Fairly common.

Cleopatra G. Cleopatra Fairly common

Holly Blue
Celastrina argiolus Seen on 4 days

Common Blue Polymmatus menelaus Seen at the beginning of the week.

Greek Baton Blue Pseudophilotes vicrama One seen and photographed in the Inner Mani.

Small Copper Lycaena phloeas Seen on 29th and 30th.

Painted Lady
Cynthia cardui Only seen on 29th.

Southern Speckled Wood Pararge aegeria aegeria Seen on several days.

Wall Brown Lasiommata maera Fairly common.

Small Heath Coenonympha pamphilus Several recorded on 3 days.

Meadow Brown Maniola jurtina Seen on a couple of days 29th and 30th,

Dingy Skipper Erynnis tages Only seen on the first two days when several were recorded.



INSECTS

Egyptian Grasshopper
Common. Large locust-sized grasshopper.

Violet Carpenter Bee Xylocopa violacae Common; recorded every day.

Pollen Beetle Oxythyrea funestra Seen at Cape Teneron

Rose Chafer Cetonia aurata One on Stephanie’s hat at Kardamili.

Small Garden Bumble Bee Bombus hortorum White-tailed Bumbles were common.

Small Earth Bumble Bee Bombus lucorum Yellow band on the abdomen and yellow collar. Not as common as hortorum.

Honeybees Apis melliera Mating at Methoni castle.

Bee Fly Bombylius major Seen on two days 27.3. and 29.3.

Pharoah Ant Monomorium pharaonis Very small ant a pest in heated buildings.

Camponotus lateralis Ants which form long columns on the ground and tree trunks.

Large-headed seed Ant Messor barbara Ants which nest underground and feed almost entirely on seeds, which are cracked open by the large headed workers. Workers were seen dragging the seeds back to the nest hole at Kervata Springs and Parori Gorge, where large neat flat areas of seeds indicated their presence.

MOTHS

Pine Processionary Moth
Caterpillars in nests on way to Pylos and at Mystras Gorge.

Hummingbird Hawk Moth Macroglossum stellatarum One in Ag. Sofia Gorge, Kardamili.

Giant Peacock Moth One seen on a telegraph pole at Porto Vitilo Hotel on the early morning walk.



OTHER TAXA

Millepede
Tachypodoiulus niger Common daily.

Roman Snail Helix pomatia A few seen.

Garden Snail Helix aspersa A few seen.

Land Crab Seen on the 28th at Shinolaka.



PLANT LIST : PELOPONNESE 2004/2005

Numbers refer to Grey-Wilson & Blamey "Mediterranean Wild Flowers"

Pinaceae Pine Family

Pinus halepensis Aleppo Pine 1

Pinus pinea Stone Pine 3

Abies cephalonica Greek Fir 8

Araucariae

Araucaria heterophylla Norfolk Island Pine (introduced)

Cupressaceae
Cypress Family

Cupressus sempervirens Italian Cypress 11

Ephedraceae Joint Pine Family

Ephedra fragilis Joint Pine 20

Fagaceae Oak Family

Quercus aegilops Valonia Oak 28

Moraceae Mulberry Family

Morus alba White Mulberry 41

Ficus carica Fig 42

Urticaceae Nettle Family

Urtica pilulifera Roman Nettle 48

Parietaria judaica Pellitory of the Wall 50

Chenopodiaceae Fat Hen Family

Salicornia europaea Glasswort 85

Aizoaceae Aizoon Family

Caprobrotus edulis
Hottentot Fig 115

Caryophyllaceae Pink Family

Saponaria calabrica Calabrian Soapwort 155

Silene vulgaris Bladder Campion 157

Silene armeria??? Sweet William Catchfly? 160?

(or Silene fuscata??? 164)?

Silene colorata 180

Kohlrauschia velutina Proliferous Pink 187

Ranunculaceae Buttercup Family

Anemone coronaria Crown Anemone 211

Anemone pavonina Peacock Anemone 212

Adonis annua Pheasants Eye 219

Ranunculus gracilis Graceful Buttercup 247

Ranunculus paludosus Jersey Buttercup 249

Ranunculus ficaria Lesser Celandine 252a

Ranunculus asiaticus Turban Buttercup 257

Papaveraceae Poppy Family

Papaver rhoeas Common Poppy 283

Glaucium flavum Yellow horned Poppy 293

Fumariaceae Fumitory Family

Fumaria capreolata Ramping Fumitory 303

Fumaria officinalis Common Fumitory 306

Cruciferae Cress Family

Isatis tinctoria Woad 310

Malcolmia maritima Virginia Stock 316

Arabis verna Spring Rockcress 322

Aubrieta deltoidea Aubrieta 324

Matthiola sinuata Sea Stock 326

Alyssum saxatile Yellow Alyssum 333

Biscutella didyma Biscutella 341

Sinapis arvensis Charlock 359

Sinapis alba White Mustard 360

Eruca vesicaria Eruca (Rocket) 361

Reseda alba White Mignonette 375

Sedum acre Biting Stonecrop 385

Umbilicus rupestris Navelwort 396

Saxifragaceae Saxifrage Family

Saxifraga chrysosplenifolia?? Not in Blamey

Platanaceae
Plane Tree Family

Platanus orientalis Oriental Plane 400

Rosaceae Rose Family

Sarcopoterium spinosum Thorny Burnet 411

Crataegus monogyna Hawthorn 420

Prunus dulcis Almond 421

Prunus spinosa Sloe, Blackthorn 424

Rubus sanctus Bramble 428

Eriobotrya japonica
Loquat 429

Leguminosae Pea Family

Cercis siliquastrum Judas Tree 430

Ceratonia siliqua Carob, Locust Tree 431

Acacia dealbata Silver Wattle 432

Anagyris foetida Bean Trefoil 446

Lupinus augustifolius Fine leaved Lupin 486

Robinia pseudacacia False Acacia 488

Astragalus lusitanicus Milk Vetch 504a

ssp. orientalis

Psoralea bituminosa Pitch Trefoil 508

Vicia lutea Yellow Vetch 525

Vicia pannonica 526

Vicia hybrida Hairy Yellow Vetchling 527

Vicia melanops Blackheaded Vetch 528

Lathyrus setifolius 544

Lathyrus clymenum 550

Lathyrus aphaca Yellow Vetchling 553

Medicago arborea Tree Medick 598

Medicago orbicularis Large Disk Medick 599

Medicago marina Sea Medick 605

Trifolium uniflorum One-flowered Clover 651

Trifolium tomentosum Woolly Trefoil 658

Trifolium stel1atum Star Clover 662

Tetragonolobus purpureus Asparagus (Winged) Pea 682

Scorpiurus muricatus Scorpiurus 684

Anthyllis vulneraria ssp praepropera Mediterranean Kidney Vetch 690

Anthyllis tetraphylla Bladder Vetch 691

Hymenocarpus circinnatus Disk Trefoil 692

Coronilla emerus False (Scorpion) Senna) 693

Coronilla valentina 695

Coronilla juncea Rush-like Scorpion Vetch 696

Wisteria sinensis Chinese Wisteria 725

Oxalidaceae Sorrel Family

Oxalis pes-caprae Bermuda Buttercup 735

Geraniaceae Geranium Family

Geranium molle Dovesfoot Cranesbill 741

Geranium dissectum Cut-leaved Cranesbill 745

Geranium robertianum Herb Robert 747

Geranium purpureum Little Robin 748

Geranium lucidum Shining Cranesbill 749

Erodium chium
751

Erodium gruinum Long-beaked Storksbill 757

Erodium cicutarium Common Storksbill 761

Linaceae Flax Family

Linum bienne Pale Flax 777

Euphorbiaceae Spurge Family

Euphorbia dendroides Tree Euphorbia 792

Euphorbia acanthothamnos Greek Spiny Spurge 794

Euphorbia myrsinites Broad-leaved Glaucous Spurge 801

Euphorbia characias subsp. wulfenii Mediterranean Spurge 819

Ricinus communis Castor Oil Plant 824

Rutaceae Rue Family

Ruta chalepensis Fringed Rue 827

Citrus limon Lemon Tree 832

C. sinensis Orange 836

Meliaceae Persian Lilac Family

Melia azederach Indian Bead Tree 843

Aceraceae Maple Family

Acer obtusatum Acer 858

Anacardiaceae Pistacio Family

Pistacia terebinthus Turpentine Tree (Terebinth) 861

Pistacia lentiscus Mastic Tree 865



Malvaceae Mallow Family

Malva sylvestris Common Mallow 898

Violaceae Violet family

Viola alba ssp. dehnadtii Mediterranean White Violet 925

Cistaceae Rockrose Family

Cistus creticus Cretan Cistus 962

Cistus parviflorus Small-flowered Cistus 964

Cistus salvifolius Sage-leaved Cistus 965

Tuberaria guttata Annual (Spotted) Rockrose 985

Fumana arabica Arabian Fumana 1010

Fumana thymifolia Thyme-leaved Fumana 1014

Tamaricaceae Tamarisk Family

Tamarix tetragyna Tamarisk 1024

Cucurbitaceae Cucumber Family

Ecballium elaterium Squirting Cucumber 1032

Bryonia cretica Cretan Bryony 1033

Punicaceae Pomegranate Family

Punica granatum Pomegranate 1064

Umbelliferae Carrot Family

Smyrnium olusatrum Alexanders 1087

Smyrnium perfoliatum Perfoliate Alexanders 1088

Scandix pecten-veneris Shepherds Needle 1097

Bonnaia graeca Bonannia 1139

Ferula communis Giant Fennel 1141

Tordylium apulum Tordylium 1149

Ericaceae Heath Family

Erica arborea Tree Heather 1178

Primulaceae Primrose Family

Anagallis arveniis var .caerulea Blue Pimpernel 1198

Cyclamen repandum (pel) Peloponnese Cyclamen 1207a

Oleaceae Olive Family

Olea europaea Olive 1248

Gentianaceae Gentian Family

Centaurium maritimum Seaside Centaury 1255

Apocynaceae Oleander Family

Vinca herbacea Herbaceous Periwinkle 1264

Convolvulaceae Bindweed Family

Convolvulus althaeoides sub tenuissimus Sea Convolvulus 1331a

Boraginaceae
Borage Family

Onosma erecta Golden Drop 1362

Cerinthe major Honeywort 1367

Cerinthe retorta Violet Honeywort 1369

Cerinthe major var. purpurascens Purple Honeywort 1367

Echium parviflorum Small-flowered Bugloss 1388

Procopiania cretica Procopiania 1390

Borago officinalis Borage 1395

Cynoglossum cherifolium Med. Houndstongue 1404

Anchusa azurea Large Blue Alkanet 1409

Anchusa variegata Anchusa 1415

Labiatae Mint Family

Ajuga orientalis Oriental Bugle 1421

Prasium majus Prasium 1444

Phlomis fruticosa Jerusalem Sage 1455

Ballota acetabulosa Garden Horehound 1469

Lamium moschatum Soft White Deadnettle 1477

Lamium amplexicaule Henbit Deadnettle 1478

Rosmarinus officinalis Rosemary 1526

Lavandula stoechas French Lavender 1528

Salvia(triloba)fruticosa Three lobed Sage 1537

Solanaceae Potato Family

Hyoscyamus albus Henbane 1555

Scrophulariaceae Figwort Family

Scrophularia peregrina Nettle-leaved Figwort 1586

Scrophularia lucida Shining Figwort 1587

Verbascum sinuatum 1601

Linaria pelisseriana Jersey Toadflax 1621

Cymbalaria microcalyx 1630

Veronica acinifolia French Speedwell 1642

Veronica hederifolia Ivy-leaved Speedwell 1645

Veronica cymbalaria Pale Speedwell 1646

Parentucellia viscosa Yellow Bartsia 1651

Parentucellia latifolia 1652

Orobanchaceae Broomrape Family

Orobanche ramosa Branched Broomrape 1655

Orobanche crenata 1675 ?

Globulariaceae Globularia Family

Globularia alypum Shrubby Globularia 1677

Plantaginaceae Plantain Family

Plantago coronopus Buck's-horn Plantain 1696

Plantago lanceolata Ribwort Plantain 1701

Campanulaceae Bellflower Family

Campanula versicolor 1763

Campanula rupestris Rock Campanula 1765

Campanula andrewsii Peloponnese Campanula 1766

Legousia hybrida Venus's Looking Glass 1779

Compositae Daisy Family

Evax pygmaea 1805

Helichrysum stoechas Curry Bush 1824

Phagnalon rupestre Shaving-brush Bush 1831

Pallenis spinosa 1847

Anthemis tomentosa 1861

Anthemis chia 1869

Anthemis rigida Rayless Chamomile 1870

Chrysanthemum coronarium
Crown Daisy 1895

Calendula arvensis Spring Marigold 1908

Senecio leucanthemifolius 1914

Galactites tomentosa Galactites 1971

Silybum marianum Milk Thistle 1982

Centaurea triumfetti 2007

Scorzonera laciniata Cut leaved Vipers Grass 2050

Tragopogon porrifolius Salsify 2055

Geropogon hybridus Small Salsify 2056

Crepis rubra Pink Hawksbeard 2070

Liliaceae Lily Family

Asphodelus fistulosus Hollow-leaved Asphodel 2087

Asphodelus aestivus Common Asphodel 2089

Asphodeline lutea Yellow Asphodeline 2092

Gagea graeca Greek Gagea 2102

Gagea fistulosa Yellow Gagea 2105

Gagea peduncularis 2108

Tulipa undulatifolia (T. boeotica) 2135

Ornithogalum narbonense
2166

Ornithogalum umbellatum Star of Bethlehem 2171

Bellevalia dubia Bellevalia 2196

Muscari comosum Tassel Hyacinth 2201

Muscari neglectum Common Grape Hyacinth 2206

Muscari pulchellum Greek Grape Hyacinth 2207

Muscari commutatum 2208

Muscari armeniacum Armenian Grape Hyacinth 2210

Allium roseum Rosy Garlic 2224

Allium neopolitanum Naples Garlic 2225

Allium subhirsutum 2227

Allium ampeloprasum Wild Leek 2237

Iris tuberosa Widow Iris 2283

Iris unguicularis Algerian Iris 2284

Iris florentina Florentine Iris 2291

Gynandriris sisyrinchium Barbary Nut Iris 2305

Gladiolus italicus Field Gladiolus 2307

Araceae Arum Family

Arisarum vulgare Friar's Cowl 2377

Dracunculus vulgaris Dragon Arum 2358

Orchidaceae Orchid Family

Orchis papilionacea Pink Butterfly Orchid 2401

Orchis tridentata Toothed Orchid 2407

Ophrys speculum Mirror Orchid 2422

Ophrys lutea Yellow Bee Orchid 2423

Ophrys fusca Brown Bee Orchid 2424

Ophrys omegaiphera 2424(a)

Ophrys sphegodes Early Spider Orchid 2428

Ophrys spruneri Greek Spider Orchid 2429

Ophrys ferrum-equinum Horseshoe Orchid 2430

Ophrys argolica Eyed Bee Orchid 2433

Ophrys umbilicata 2435

Ophrys scolopax Woodcock Orchid 2436

Ophrys fuciflora Late Spider Orchid 2440

Ophrys tenthredinifera Sawfly Orchid 2442

Ophrys bombyliflora Bumble Bee Orchid 2444

Barlia robertiana Giant Orchid 2446

Anacamptis pyramidalis Pyramidal Orchid 2447

Serapias cordigera Heart-flowered Orchid 2448

Serapias vomeracea Long-lipped Serapias 2450

Serapias lingua Tongue Orchid 2451

Serapias parviflora Small-flowered Tongue Orchid 2452

Gramineae Grass Family

Lagurus ovatus Haresfoot Grass 2473

Pteridophyta Ferns

Adiantum capillus-veneris Maidenhair Fern 2522



NB: This is not a complete list of plants recorded during both visits.

Many thanks to John Street for his help with the 2005 records.

Stephanie Coghlan April 2005.


© The Travelling Naturalist 2005