TRAVELLING NATURALIST TRIP REPORT

Slovakia 2005

Saturday 23 - Saturday 30 April 2005

LEADERS
Neil Arnold The Travelling Naturalist, UK
Dr Mirek Capek E Tours, Czech Republic

LOCAL GUIDES
Dr Marian Janiga
Dr Dusan Karaska
Dr Stefan Danko
Milos Balla
Stefan Matis

FORESTERS
Mr Jurik
Mr Majer

DRIVER
Pavel


INTRODUCTION
There is no doubt that Slovakia is a grand place for a wildlife holiday. The combination of varied scenery, expert local leadership, good accommodation and excellent driving would be hard to beat anywhere in Europe.

On paper this was not the best of our Slovakia trips in recent years, but in reality your good nature and cheerfulness overcame the disadvantages of poor weather and the late onset of Spring. The fact that the lower slopes of the Tatra Mountains were still covered in snow added a great deal to the beauty of the area. It was unfortunate, though, that we were unable to venture into the highlands due to high winds closing the cable cars. My thanks go to you all for your companionship, to Mirek and all the local guides for sharing their expertise with us and to Pavel for his excellent driving and general enthusiasm. My thanks also go to Richard for preparing a selected list of plants noted during the holiday. It was a unique trip, in that three of the group celebrated their birthdays; I’m not sure all that cake was good for us, but it was nice! I hope we will meet again in the near future.

Best wishes

Neil Arnold, May 2005

THE DIARY

SATURDAY 23 APRIL

THE JOURNEY

We flew from London to Budapest, Hungary, where we were met by Mirek and Pavel. We then drove to the Slovakian border at Hranicna pri Hornade. From there it was a short drive to the Karst area. We were soon settled into the Ranc Sugov Hotel which was set in a beautiful valley cloaked in beech woodland. En route we noted a number of birds and mammals including Common Buzzard, Marsh Harrier, Kestrel, White and Black Stork, Great White Egret, Raven, Brown Hare and Roe Deer.

A walk around the hotel soon revealed Fieldfare, Willow Tit, Common Treecreeper, Grey Wagtail, Jay and a host of other woodland bird species. There were also many botanical wonders.



SUNDAY 24 APRIL

RANC SUGOV

WEATHER 4/8 Cumulus, sunny, a light breeze

A pre-breakfast walk around the area of the hotel revealed Wood Warbler, Cuckoo, Great Spotted Woodpecker, Grey Wagtail, Nuthatch, Hawfinch, Red Squirrel and Roe Deer amongst others.

At 08.15 we set off for the Zadiel Gorge. En route we picked up Stefan Matis, our local guide. We then stopped at a quarry where we hoped to see European Eagle Owl; but despite the fact that it had been on the nest only two days before, it was nowhere to be seen. We did, however have fine views of Tree Sparrows, Yellowhammer, Jay, Sparrowhawk, Hoopoe and Hawfinch. We also heard Wryneck and Lesser Whitethroat. As we made our way west we discovered that we had a puncture in one of the inner rear tyres so Paval dropped us off in an open area near to the Zadiel Gorge while he went in search of a garage that was open on a Sunday morning.

The flat area of agricultural fields was bisected by a river and surrounded by the limestone of the Slovensky kras. We were soon watching a band of very alert European Souslik feeding in the open fields. A wide variety of plants were noted as a flock of eighteen Jays flew over, closely followed by a Hoopoe. We watched the ridge of the hills and detected two Raven, two Common Buzzards and a distant Lesser Spotted Eagle.

When Pavel returned we drove on to the Zadiel Gorge. Whilst eating our packed lunch we were surrounded by butterflies including Scarce Swallowtail, Glanville Fritillary, Dingy Skipper and Camberwell Beauty. The lunchtime surprise, though, was a passing Common Crane. We then walked slowly up the valley, following the course of the river. A pair of Dipper, Grey Wagtail and Common Redstart were the stars of the walk. Once on the Beech covered hillside we started to see Wood Warblers, Long-tailed Tits and other woodland bird species. Large, Green-veined and Wood Whites, Brimstone and Peacock Butterflies were also noted.

After dinner we drove higher into the hills to an area of conifer forest. Here we walked forest trails while Mirek imitated the call of European Pygmy Owl. Eventually there was a reply, a Pygmy Owl calling in the crisp night air. Unusually, it only called twice and didn’t approach us, so we failed to see this little gem. As we walked back to the vehicle we heard the distinctive call of a roding Woodcock.







MONDAY 25 APRIL

RANC SUGOV

WEATHER 8/8 Stratus, constant rain. NW 2-3

The heavy rain before breakfast didn’t encourage too much early morning watching. It was, however ideal conditions for watching Fire Salamanders near the hotel.

By 08.30 we were on our way east towards the Latorica Marshes, a vitally important wetland (Ramsar) site.

We were soon at the village of Zemplinsky Klecenov where we picked up Milos Balla, our local guide. Before we had driven a couple of hundred meters we found an Eastern Imperial Eagle perched on a roadside tree. As soon as we stopped the eagle flew off across the fields and then perched on the ground, so we had excellent views. Before long we were lined up alongside the road watching a Long-eared Owl sitting in its nest in a poplar tree. As we watched its mate flew up from the ground and flapped slowly along the line of trees. Despite the rain the day had started well!

We then drove on to the Besa area, a vast flooded carr and reedbed with open pools of water. The most notable bird on our arrival was a fine Black Stork. Marsh Harriers quartered the area and Garganey and Pochard glided across the pools. As the rain fell we heard ,rather than saw, many more bird species, including Savi’s and Sedge Warblers, Lesser and Common Whitethroat, Cuckoo, Reed Bunting, Little Grebe and Bittern. Marsh Frogs and Fire-bellied Toads were also heard. The highlight of the area was a pair of Penduline Tits singing loudly near to their hanging nest. It continued to rain.

Soon we moved on to the village of Backa where the village pond was a magnet to wetland species. Despite the fact that the pond was smaller than the area of a football pitch it was alive with birds. The combination of reed edges and dead trees seemed to be ideal for birds. We were soon watching a pair of nesting Red-necked Grebe, Little Grebe. Coot, Pochard and Mallard. There were also three species of marsh terns floating over the pond; three Black Terns, a Whiskered Tern and a White-winged Tern. As they were all in glorious breeding plumage this was an awe-inspiring sight. Black-headed Gulls were common. As we watched, a flash of yellow brought our attention to a male Blue-headed Wagtail flitting about the base of the dead trees near the nest of the Red-necked Grebe. Still it rained.

We then moved on to the village of Svince, at the back of which was an area of drowned willows and poplars. This was the nest site of Grey Heron, Little Egret and Black-crowned Night-heron. The trees were ’hung’ with herons like lights on a Christmas tree. As usual there was massive activity, herons calling loudly as they ‘argued’ amongst themselves. The rain continued.

Our next port of call was somewhat in contrast to the other sites visited during the day. We drove to the village of Vinicki, parked and then walked to a door in the side of the hill. On entering we found that we were in a subterranean wine cellar. We were soon sampling three distinct varieties of Tokaj wine. Despite the even, cool temperature of the cellar our spirits warmed. A wine-buying session followed. It was still raining.

Our last site of the day was a huge quarry at Ladmovce. Here Milos led us stealthy to the top of a cliff face. We set up the telescope and took it in turns to peer at a rock ledge where an adult European Eagle Owl and three chicks sat sheltered from the wind and rain; we were quite envious! All the birds were staring at us with their bright orange eyes; they knew we were there, so we made a quiet retreat. It was still raining.

We drove on to the Hotel Postar on the edge of the Zamplinska Sirava reservoir.





TUESDAY 26 APRIL

ZEMPLINSKA SIRAVA

WEATHER 8/8 St and Cu, persistent showers, NW 1-2

A walk in the hotel grounds and along the shore of the lake resulted in our noting a flock of Great Crested Grebes, four Common Sandpipers, Great Cormorant and a variety of songbirds, including Serin, and Red Squirrels.

By 09.00 we had driven to the nearby town of Michalovce where we picked up Stefan Danko, our local guide, and entered a nearby mixed forest. Despite the drizzle we managed to find two pairs of Middle Spotted Woodpeckers, Great Spotted Woodpecker, Nuthatch, Common Treecreeper, Marsh Tit, Collared Flycatcher and an unexpected Golden Oriole. Unfortunately we only heard Grey-headed Woodpecker.

We then moved on to Kusin, an area of abandoned orchards and scrub in the shadow of the Vihorlatske vrchy hills. Singing Nightingales, a somewhat elusive Barred Warbler, a Lesser Whitethroat and Turtle Doves were noted and then a Black Stork flew overhead, closely followed by a Common Buzzard, Lesser-spotted Eagle, a Sparrowhawk and a Marsh Harrier; no doubt they were taking advantage of a brief break in the weather to hunt.

As we drove away from the area we found a perched Lesser-spotted Eagle.

We then moved on to the Secovce area. En route we noted a fine male Montagu’s Harrier and then called into a nearby village in search of Syrian Woodpecker. We gathered next to a well treed churchyard and were soon watching a pair of very active Syrian Woodpeckers.

Once at Secovce we clambered through the undergrowth until we could scan a poplar lined field. There in the distance was an Eastern Imperial Eagle sat on its nest. Nearby we searched the tall electricity pylons for birds of prey. We soon found a male Saker Falcon on a very distant pylon. Much to our great joy, while we were watching, the bird took to the air and flew towards us, eventually perching on a pylon only four hundred metres away. We had great views through the telescopes. It was a good end to the day.



WEDNESDAY 27 APRIL

ZEMPLINSKA SIRAVA

WEATHER 6-8/8 Cu, dull early. Sunny by 08.30. Rain late evening.

An early morning watch around the hotel resulted in the discovery of a Golden Oriole.

Once again we picked up Stefan who took us to the Senne Fish Ponds. Unfortunately since our last visit most of the ponds had been sold off by the Government and were now in private hands. This restricted us to the natural park area of ponds which entailed walking across the fields. En route we saw another Montagu’s Harrier, a female this time.

As we walked to the ponds we noticed that a huge flock of Starlings where wheeling in a tight ball in the air, a sure sign that birds of prey were around. As we walked we found six Marsh Harriers and up to ten Common Buzzards. Common Whitethroats and Corn Buntings were in song. At the ponds we set up the telescopes and were soon watching Greylag Geese and a variety of wildfowl including Gadwall, Garganey, Shoveler, Wigeon, Tufted Duck, Pochard and Mute Swan. Three species of marsh terns and two Little Gulls were quartering the ponds. On the two islands Great Cormorants, Little Egrets, Grey Heron and Black-crowned Night-heron sheltered in the vegetation. A Bittern was heard booming. The other delight was good views of Black-necked, Little and Great Crested Grebes. Black-headed Gulls were numerous, Common and Caspian Gulls less so. As we watched our attention was drawn to a Hooded Crow harrying a large female Goshawk. As we were leaving one hundred and eighty Wood Pigeons took to the air. They were followed by Black-headed Gulls and Starlings. It was then that we saw a Sparrowhawk flying low over the field. It had been an exciting start to the day.

By mid-day we were heading for the Tatra Mountains. We passed the very imposing Spisske Castle and then made a brief tour of the centre of the historic town of Levoca. As we approached the snow covered High and Low Tatra Mountains we took photographs. A Hobby was seen en route to the hotel.

We soon settled into the Hotel Mier.

As we drove into the nearby forest the sun emerged. By 18.00 we had picked up our two local foresters, split the group into two and were ensconced in two tower hides overlooking a Brown Bear feeding area. The foresters had previously provided a mixture of maize and honey for the bears. For two and a half hours we sat in silence. We did see Red Deer and a few birds but no bears. [No doubt Jamie will be amazed to hear that I didn’t speak a word for all that time; and I wasn’t asleep, honest!]



THURSDAY 28 APRIL

HOTEL MIER, PRIBYLINA

WEATHER Four seasons in a day: Wet start. Sunny spells. Rain, sleet and hail. NW 4-5. Thunder storm in the evening

Ring Ouzel and Siskins were singing in the hotel grounds as we left for the mountains. We were soon picking up Marian Janiga, our local guide in the little town of Tatranska Lomnica. Our intention was to take the ski lift to Skalnate Lake but the windy conditions resulted in the ski lift being closed. We were soon in an open meadow system on the edge of the town. As a Black Stork flew overhead we started to record Fieldfare, Mistle Thrushes, Tree and Meadow Pipits. On the edge of the nearby forest we noted a migrant Pied Flycatcher, three Common Crossbill and a flock of nine Bohemian Waxwing. The Waxwings were somewhat unexpected, despite the fact that the whole of central Europe, including the UK has experienced a massive invasion of this species during recent months.

We stopped on the lower slopes of the mountain and surveyed the scene. Hundreds of hectares of forest had been flattened; trees had been uprooted or the trunks torn apart. Marian explained that on the 18 November 2004 a wind of 100-160 K per hour had blown for two hours, causing all this destruction. His worst fears were that the very strong tourist lobby were already attempting to persuade the authorities to allow building within the National Park. The area would take years to recover.

We then drove towards Zdiar. En route we stopped to admire a Kestrel harrying a Peregrine. We then went on to an area of forest and grasslands where we had lunch. During lunchtime we noted a flock of Swifts, Ravens, a Sparrow Hawk and several Viviparous Lizards. One of the group, who went to the edge of the wood to make a phone call found himself face to face with a perched Eagle Owl. Before the rest of us arrived on the scene the bird had flown. As we emerged from the woodland we saw a Lesser Spotted Eagle soaring against a background of snow covered mountains, what more could one ask for?

Once at Zdair at 1300M a.s.l. the cold NW wind made its mark on us. Despite that we spent some time scanning the massive, snow covered heights in front of us. Eventually we discovered three Chamois of the local race Rupicapra r. tatrica. This caused a great deal of excitement. We estimated that these animals were quietly grazing amongst the snow at 1900 m a.s.l.

At 14.00 we moved on to a nearby area of woodland at Tatranska-Javorina. The highlights here were sightings of a male Black Woodpecker, Gold and Firecrests and Willow Tit.

It was then time to return to the hotel to prepare for bear watching.

Once again we were in the hides by 18.00. A few birds were seen again but no bears.



FRIDAY 29 APRIL

HOTEL MIER

WEATHER 7/8 Cu. Rain, 0. Sunny later 3/8 Cu NW 3-4

As we drove away from the hotel we had a splendid view of Dipper on a nearby stream.

We drove west to the reservoir Vodna nadrz Liptovska Mara, stopping at the lookout at Dechare. Common Terns were hawking over the water.

We picked up our local guide, Dusan Karaska at Ruzomberok.

We then drove north to Valaska Dubova where we walked up hill towards the steep cliffs of the gorge. Our quest was the Wallcreeper. After a considerable time searching the cliff we concluded that the Wallcreepers were probably still at lower altitude in their winter quarters. We did have excellent views of Common Crossbills, Spotted Nutcracker and Siskins. We then moved north again passing the impressive castle at Oravsky Podzamok. By 14.30 we were at the village of Pobiel. Ten minutes later we were climbing up into an entrancing woodland consisting of a mixture of beech, spruce and fir. The wood rang with the calls of Black Woodpecker and Common Crossbill. We also had good views of Crested Tit and Nuthatch. Eventually we tracked down a pair of Three-toed Woodpeckers, undoubtedly the most elusive member of the family. We were lucky enough to spend some time watching a pair feeding high in the trees. As we descended the slope we heard a Eurasian Pygmy Owl calling and saw a Black Woodpecker.

As we returned to the hotel we were greeted by a view of the snow covered High Tatra Mountains in bright sunshine. As we neared the hotel we noted a herd of Red Deer.

Half the group decided to go bear watching again. This time their patience was rewarded. They saw a male, twelve year old Black Bear feeding, only to have it chased away by a Red Fox, which then stayed to feed - life is odd! Roe and Red Deer were also seen.



SATURDAY 30 APRIL

HOTEL MIER

WEATHER Beautiful!

The hotel area yielded Dipper, a pair of Crossbills, a pair of Bullfinches and singing Ring Ouzels.

At 08.15 we headed south towards Budapest. En route we stopped at the historic town of Banska Bystrica to shop and to admire the architecture. We then stopped at a roadside restaurant and enjoyed a cooked meal before crossing into Hungary at Sahy.

We arrived at the airport in good time for the flight. Once having said our goodbyes to the contingent who were staying on in Budapest for a few days, and to Pavel and Mirek, we made our preparations for the flight.

The flight arrived early at Heathrow, complete with luggage.

I’m sure the beauty of the Slovakian countryside will live with us for ever.

Neil Arnold
May 2005


SPECIES LISTS

KEY
CAR The Carst Area
HUN Hungary
LAT Latorica Marsh Area
TAT Tatra Area
ZEM Zemplinska Area

BIRDS
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis Small numbers LAT/ZEM
Red-necked Grebe Podiceps grisegena Three LAT/ZEM
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus Thirty ZEM
Black-necked (Eared) Grebe Podiceps nigricollis Ten ZEM
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo At least forty ZEM
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea Widespread
Great White Egret Egretta alba Mainly LAT/ZEM
Little Egret Egretta garzetta Eight LAT/ZEM
Black-crowned Night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax LAT 30 ZEM 30
(Great) Bittern Botaurus stellaris Heard LAT/ZEM
Black Stork Ciconia nigra Four scattered records
White Stork Ciconia ciconia Widespread
Mute Swan Cygnus olor Scarce LAT/ZEM
Greylag Goose Anser anser Thirty ZEM
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope Twenty ZEM
Gadwall Anas strepera Five ZEM
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos Widespread
Garganey Anas querquedula Six LAT/ZEM
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata Twenty ZEM
Common Pochard Aythya ferina LAT 10 ZEM 40
Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula ZEM 50
Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus Two ZEM
(Eurasian) Marsh Harrier Circus aeruginosus Fifteen records - widespread incl HUN
(Eurasian) Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus Widespread- seven records
Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis A female ZEM
Common Buzzard Buteo buteo Very widespread- incl HUN
Lesser Spotted Eagle Aquila pomarina Five records LAT/ZEM/TAT
Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca Five records ZEM
(Eurasian) Kestrel Falco tinnunculus Widespread
(Eurasian) Hobby Falco subbuteo One TAT
Saker Falco cherrug One male ZEM
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus One TAT
(Common) Pheasant Phasianus colchicus Widespread
Common Crane Grus grus One flew south CAR
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus One LAT
Eurasian Coot Fulica atra Common LAT/ZEM
(Northern) Lapwing Vanellus vanellus Widespread
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos Four ZEM
(Eurasian) Woodcock Scolopax rusticola Heard CAR
Common (Mew) Gull Larus canus Two ZEM
Yellow-legged Gull Larus michahellis Twenty ZEM and two TAT
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus Common LAT/ZEM/TAT wetlands
Little Gull Larus minutus Two ZEM
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybridus One LAT and ten ZEM
White-winged (Black) Tern Chlidonias leucoptera One LAT and one ZEM
Black Tern Chlidonias niger Three LAT and sixty ZEM
Common Tern Sterna hirundo Four TAT
Rock Dove (Feral Pigeon) Columba livia Common near habitation
Stock Dove Columba oenas Scattered records
Wood Pigeon Columba palumbus Common -one hundred and eighty ZEM
European Turtle Dove Streptopelia turtur Five ZEM
(Eurasian) Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto Widespread
Common Cuckoo Cuculus canorus Widespread
(Eurasian) Eagle Owl Bubo bubo An adult and three chicks LAT and an adult TAT
Tawny Owl Strix aluco Heard CAR
Eurasian Pygmy Owl Glaucidium passerinum Heard CAR
Long-eared Owl Asio otus A nesting pair LAT
Common (European) Swift Apus apus Fifty records TAT
(Eurasian) Hoopoe Upupa epops Two CAR
Wryneck Jynx torquilla Heard CAR
Middle Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos medius Two or three pairs ZEM
Syrian Woodpecker Dendrocopos syriacus A pair ZEM
Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major Three CAR/ZEM
Three-toed Woodpecker Picoides tridactylus A pair TAT
Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius One CAR and two TAT
Grey-headed Woodpecker Picus canus Heard ZEM
Crested Lark Galerida cristata Widespread
(Eurasian) Sky Lark Alauda arvensis Widespread
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica Widespread
(Common) House Martin Delichon urbica Common CAR/LAT/ZEM
Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava Three LAT/ZEM
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea Three CAR/LAT
White Wagtail Motacilla alba Widespread
Meadow Pipit Anthus pratensis Eight TAT
Tree Pipit Anthus trivialis Scattered records
(White-throated) Dipper Cinclus cinclus Two CAR and three TAT
Bohemian Waxwing Bombycilla garrulus Nine TAT
(Winter) Wren Troglodytes troglodytes Widespread
Hedge Accentor (Dunnock) Prunella modularis Only CAR and TAT
Ring Ouzel Turdus torquatus Common TAT
(Common) Blackbird Turdus merula Widespread
Fieldfare Turdus pilaris Widespread
Song Thrush Turdus philomelos Widespread except TAT
Mistle Thrush Turdus viscivorus two TAT
(European) Robin Erithacus rubecula Commonly heard, seldom seen
Common Nightingale Luscinia megarhynchos Common LAT/ZEM
Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros Widespread
Common Redstart Phoenicurus phonicurus A male CAR
Common Stonechat Saxicola torquata Widespread
Savi's Warbler Locustella luscinioides Heard LAT/ZEM
European Sedge Warbler Acrocephalus schoenobaenus Heard LAT/ZEM
Great Reed-warbler Acrocephalus arundinaceus Heard ZEM
Willow Warbler Phylloscopus trochilus Widespread
Common Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita Widespread
Wood Warbler Phylloscopus sibilatrix Only CAR/ZEM
Blackcap Sylvia atricapilla Common
Common Whitethroat Sylvia communis Widespread LAT/ZEM/TAT
Lesser Whitethroat Sylvia curruca Common, more often heard thn seen
Barred Warbler Sylvia nisoria A singing male ZEM
Firecrest Regulus ignicapillus Two TAT
Goldcrest Regulus regulus Noted CAR/TAT
(European) Pied Flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca A male TAT
Collared Flycatcher Ficedula albicollis In forests throughout
Long-tailed Tit Aegithalos caudatus Only CAR
(Eurasian) Penduline Tit Remiz pendulinus A nesting pair LAT
Marsh Tit Parus palustris Two ZEM
Willow Tit Parus montanus Noted CAR/TAT
Coal Tit Parus ater Only CAR/TAT
Crested Tit Parus cristatus Seen well TAT
Great Tit Parus major Common
Blue Tit Parus caeruleus Common
(Eurasian) Nuthatch Sitta europaea Six records CAR/ZEM/TAT
Eurasian Treecreeper Certhia familiaris Four records throughout
Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius Common eighteen CAR and at least sixty in a flock TAT
(Black-billed) Magpie Pica pica Common
Eurasian (Spotted) Nutcracker Nucifraga caryocatactes Four TAT
(Eurasian) Jackdaw Corvus monedula In flocks near habitation
Rook Corvus frugilegus Common
Hooded Crow Corvus corone Common
Common Raven Corvus corax Eleven sightings CAR/TAT
Golden Oriole Oriolus oriolus Two records ZEM
Common (European) Starling Sturnus vulgaris Common
Yellowhammer Emberiza citrinella Three records in the lowlands
Reed Bunting Emberiza schoeniclus Only LAT/ZEM
Corn Bunting Miliaria calandra Widespread except TAT
(European) Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs Very common
European Serin Serinus serinus Only ZEM and en route Budapest
(European) Greenfinch Carduelis chloris Common
(Eurasian) Siskin Carduelis spinus Only TAT
(European) Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis Common
(Eurasian) Linnet Carduelis cannabina A single flock CAR
Common (Red) Crossbill Loxia curvirostra A dozen or so TAT
(Eurasian) Bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula A pair TAT
Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes Common CAR/LAT/ZEM
House Sparrow Passer domesticus Common
(Eurasian) Tree Sparrow Passer montanus Widespread in the lowlands


MAMMALS

Common Pipistrelle Pipistrellus pipistrellus One CAR
Red Fox Vulpes vulpes One TAT
Brown Bear Ursus arctos One male TAT
Red Deer Cervus elaphus Common CAR/TAT
Roe Deer Capreolus capreolus Widespread
Chamois Rupicapra rupicapra tatrica Three TAT
Red Squirrel Sciurus vulgaris Only CAR and ZEM
European Souslik Spermophilus citellus Common CAR
Brown Hare Lepus europaeus Widespread

AMPHIBIANS
Fire Salamander Salamandra salamandra Two CAR
Fire-bellied Toad Bombina bombina Heard LAT
Common Frog Rana temporaria Common LAT
Marsh Frog Rana ridibunda Heard CAR/LAT

REPTILES
Viviparous (Common) Lizard Lacerta vivipara Several TAT
Sand Lizard Lacerta agilis A female CAR

BUTTERFLIES
Scarce swallowtail Iphiclides podalirius CAR
Large white Pieris brassicae CAR/ZEM
Green-veined white Artogeia napi CAR
Orange-tip Anthocharis cardamines CAR/ZEM
Brimstone Goneptryx rhamni CAR
Wood white Leptidea sinapis CAR
Camberwell beauty Nymphalis antiopa CAR
Peacock Inachis io CAR
Glanville Fritillary Melitaea cinxa CAR
Dingy skipper Erynnis tages CAR


Selected Plant list.
Thanks to Richard O’Connor for compiling this list.


Melampyrum thalictroides, Rue-leaved Anemone
Anemone nemorosa, Wood Anemone
Anemone ranunculoides, Yellow Anemone
Pulmonaria officinalis, Common Lungwort
Cardamine bulbifera, Coral-Root Bittercress
Cardamine enneaphylos, Drooping Bittercress
Cardamine trifolia, Trifoliate Bittercress
Lunaria rediviva, Perennial Honesty
Hesperis matronalis, Dame’s Violet
Alliaria petiolata, Garlic Mustard
Caltha palustris, Marsh Marigold
Ranunculus auricomis, Goldilocks
Chrysosplenium alternifolium, Alternate-leaved Golden Saxifrage
Adonis vernalis, Pheasant’s Eye
Adoxa moschatellina, Moschatel
Viburnum lantana, Wayfaring Tree
Sambucus racemosa, Alpine Elder
Lonicera xylosteum, Fly Honeysuckle
Euphorbia amygdaloides, Wood Spurge
Euphorbia cyparissias, Cypress Spurge
Petasites hybridus, Butterbur
Petasites albus, White Butterbur
Corydalis cava, Bulbous Corydalis
Lathraea squamaria, Toothwort
Polygonatum multiflorum, Common Solomon’s Seal
Potentilla tabernaemontani, Spring Cinquefoil
Vinca minor, Lesser Periwinkle
Cornus mas, Cornelian Cherry
Primula veris, Cowslip
Sanicula europea, Sanicle
Oxalis acetosella, Wood Sorrel
Asarum europaeum, Asarabicca
Galium odoratum, Woodruff
Lathyrus vernus, Spring Pea
Chelidonium majus, Greater Celandine
Symphytum tuberosum, Tuberous Comfrey
Stellaria holostea, Greater stitchwort
Viola tricolor, Heartsease
Orchis morio, Green-winged Orchid
Crocus heuffelianus
Trollius europaeus, Globeflower
Daphne mezereum, Mezereon
Soldanella alpina, Alpine Snowbell
Veratrum album, White False Helleborine
Polygala amara, Bitter Milkwort
Geranium phaeum, Dusky Cranesbill
Viscum album, Mistletoe
Prunus avium, Wild Cherry
Prunus padus, Bird Cherry
Prunus spinosa, Blackthorn
Ligustrum vulgare, Common Privet



© The Travelling Naturalist 2005