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TRAVELLING NATURALIST TRIP REPORT

Poland in Spring

7 - 15 May 2005


LEADERS:
Neil Arnold
Bogdan Kaspororczyk
Marek Borkowski

GUIDES:
Dorota Czeszczewik
Arek


INTRODUCTION
My thanks go to you all for your good cheer, especially at times when the wildlife seemed to be very un-cooperative. My special thanks go to Bogdan, Marek and his family, Dorota and Arek, all of whom made us feel at home in Poland. Although there were some disappointments, often due to the late onset of spring, I'm sure that you will all have special memories to cherish. Perhaps it will be the day we saw eight species of woodpeckers, or it could be the wonder of flocks of White-winged Terns and Ruff on the marshes, or a confiding European Pygmy Owl, or the vigorous display of Great Snipe. I am always enchanted by the day spent with Marek's family in an around his 'garden'. I hope to meet you all again in the near future.

Best wishes


Neil Arnold
June 2005



Trip Diary



SATURDAY 7 MAY

Weather: Midday 8/8 cumulus, rain. Afternoon sunny spells, light showers.



The flight to Warsaw was uneventful. Bogdan met us at the airport and whisked us away towards the north. We stopped for lunch near Ostrow and then moved north until we reached Lomza.

By 15.00 we were looking over the water meadows of the River Narew at the Lomza Bridge.

The next two and a half hours was spent exploring the riverside between there and the village of Wizna. We had arrived at the edge of the Biebrza Marshes. It is difficult to select the highlights. The flocks of Ruff in breeding plumage, White Storks, raptors and terns are worthy of a mention. Four species of terns entertained us as did Common Buzzard, Montagu's and Marsh Harrier, Hobby and a fine immature White-tailed eagle. Then eleven Common Cranes wheeled over the marsh. Ruff numbered at least three hundred and fifty and other waders included Common and Wood Sandpiper, Black-tailed Godwit, Curlew, Common Ringed and Little Ringed Plover. Blue-headed Wagtails and a sparkling male Whinchat also caught the eye. It was also pleasing to see a Great White Egret, a species that would have been a real rarity eleven years ago when we first ventured into Poland. Thunder clouds gathered as we approached the Knieja Hotel, Rajgrod. We were even welcomed by a rainbow. The evening proved to be delightfully fine.

We had been fortunate to be presented with the Biebrza Marshes in 'a nutshell' during the afternoon.



SUNDAY 8 MAY

RAJGROD

Weather: Morning fog, clearing to 4/8 Cu. Pm Sunny becoming dull 8/8 Cu.



The pre-breakfast walk was marred by fog. It was fascinating to listen to the sounds of morning; Goldeneye whirred over the lake, Bittern boomed in the distance and Great Reed Warblers reeled from the marginal reedbeds. The most atmospheric sound, though, was of Cranes calling as they flew over us. The forest was also full of activity. Slowly sound became form as we watched thrushes, warblers, tits and finches emerge from the gloom. A Black Woodpecker made a brief appearance as Golden Orioles called from the woodland.

By 09.10 we were at the Wojdy fishfarm. Marsh Harriers quartered the reedbeds as Bitterns boomed once again. Then a Grey-headed Woodpecker called loudly. It was soon discovered in a huge dead tree. The views of this somewhat enigmatic bird were excellent. Then a pair of splendid Goosander flew by. The highlight of the morning though was the arrival of one, and then two, hunting male Red-footed Falcons.

Then an adult White-tailed Eagle flew in, accompanied by a Common Buzzard defending its territory. Then our attention turned to the reed bed where Great Reed Warblers were singing from the reed tops, a Penduline Tit appeared briefly and a Savi's Warbler rendered its monotonous song whilst perched only a few metres from us. A variety of butterflies were then noted as were Marsh Frogs and Fire-bellied Toads.

By 12.30 we were at Jesenco overlooking the lake. The lake itself was far from crowded with birds but it did yield Great Crested Grebes and Common Terns. Feeding Cranes were admired as the meadows and the forest edge gave up their treasures. A Lesser-spotted Woodpecker was seen, closely followed by Hawfinches, Tree Sparrows and a Hoopoe. Then a Lesser Spotted Eagle flew over us.

At 13.10 we drove into the grounds of Marek's house on the outskirts of the village of Kuligi. The family were there to welcome us. We then ate a splendid lunch al fresco. A variety of songbirds provided the background music.

After lunch we walked in the nearby meadows. The variety of wildlife was fascinating. As we watched three Roe Deer feeding in the wet meadow we were approached by a cloud of insects. At first we reached for the insect repellent until we realised we were surrounded by delicate Mayflies. Flocks of Ruff flew by as did a Pintail and a Garganey. Even a passing Nutcracker caught our attention. Then a Hobby, a Lesser Spotted and a White-tailed Eagle flapped their way across the seemingly endless sky. Garden Warbler, Lesser Whitethroat and Black Redstart were noted around the farm buildings as we admired the herd of Tarpan horses, animals especially bred to graze the marshes, thus keeping them free from invading tree species. Tea came next.

Once again we headed for the marshes, standing on the road bridge over the River Jegznia. The air was filled with the sound of displaying Common Snipe, Lapwing and Black-tailed Godwit as warblers performed nearby. Perhaps the most spectacular birds that could be seen from the bridge though were two male Bluethroats singing lustily in defence of their respective territories. As dusk approached flocks of waders and marsh terns flew north. A Black Woodpecker then powered its way across the marsh towards the forest.

It was then time for Bogdan and Marek to take us to a newly discovered Great Snipe lek. Whilst standing silently in a flooded meadow we were captivated by the strange calls of the males as they performed their wing raising, tail spreading display jumps, often forcing each other to perform short flights as they were forced out of defended territories. We saw at least six birds. Just as dusk descended so did heavy rain. As we made our way to our transport we heard the 'whipping' call of Spotted Crake.

It was then time to be entertained by the Borkowski family once again. After a fine meal we wended our way back to the hotel and into the arms of Morpheus.

The day had, as always when visiting Kaliji, been a delight. It is one of the highlights of any trip to Poland to be welcomed into our agent's family home as true friends. It was an astounding privilege.



MONDAY 9 MAY

RAJGROD

Weather: Fine rain until mid-day. After lunch - 3-4/8 Cu. Sun.Cold NW 4.



By 11.00 we had driven south to the flooded water meadows of the River Narew, in fact, on the opposite bank to our location on Saturday afternoon. As we stopped to scan the marsh a male Thrush Nightingale burst into song but the steady rain made watching impossible.

We moved on to a rough road over the meadows. Soon it was apparent that the road was covered in birds. In excess of a thousand Ruff jostled for space with hundreds of terns, mainly White winged. Amongst the flock though were Black and Whiskered Terns. Nearby, over the flooded meadows were also a handful of Common and Little Terns. We spent a considerable amount of time watching a seemingly endless variety of gaudy Ruff as they warmed up to their lekking ritual. Wood Sandpiper, Redshank, Curlew, Black-tailed Godwit and a lone Little Ringed Plover were also in attendance. As we drove towards our lunch venue near Wizna we noted a passing Hobby. After lunch the sun shone. As we drove north we came across a fine male Red-backed Shrike and an Eastern Hedgehog. An Ortolan Bunting was then heard singing and seen briefly in flight but our attempts to see it at rest proved fruitless.

By 14.50 we had reached Buzyn where we watched over the marsh from a hide. The most outstanding feature of the area was the presence of nine huge Elk, some of which were close enough to show most of their distinctive features. There were a considerable number of wildfowl and waders. Two red-necked Grebe also showed off their splendid plumage. Another Hobby started to hunt over the marsh.

We then moved on to another hide at Brzestwo. Here we had even closed views of four more Elk, ten Little Gulls, Gadwall, a Sparrow Hawk and the rather local Moorhen.

By 17.40 we had reached a marsh-side track at Mscichy. Two Bittern were booming at each other as we scanned the area. First we found a pair of Teal and then eight Marsh Harriers. Then we spotted two immature White-tailed Eagles perched in a tree. The climax of the afternoon though was provided by a singing male Aquatic Warbler which we watched at leisure through the telescopes. As we prepared to leave a Grasshopper Warbler started to reel from the meadow.

The day had been one of constant spectacle. I'm sure none of us will forget the wheeling masses of Ruff and marsh terns.



TUESDAY 10 MAY

KNIEJA

Weather: 6/8 Cu. Fine. SW3. Later sunny with showers. Backing to NNW cold 4.



The pre-breakfast period was spent on the marshes in the area of the village of Maglinica. The first impression of the day was of the strident song of Thrush Nightingale. Eventually we had reasonable views of this somewhat elusive bird species. Then the first Kestrel of the trip was recorded. As we watched a variety of song birds a Golden Oriole sang from a line of poplar trees. Eventually Black Grouse were heard in the distance. After some detailed map reading we managed to reach an area where four Blackcock were active. Two were distant but one was nearby. As we emerged from the vehicle it whirred away into the bush finishing up on top of a Birch tree. As we watched it through the telescopes it, and another cock, where flushed by a pair of Marsh Harriers so once again we saw Blackcock in sustained flight. We then noted Northern Grey Shrike and Hoopoe. After breakfast a scan of the lake next to the hotel produced a winter plumage Red-throated Diver.

The rest of the day was spent at the Mazurian Lakes. By 10.45 we were on the edge of Lake Luknajo. As we alighted from the vehicle Woodlarks were singing overhead and Wryneck was calling. We then walked to a hide overlooking the lake. Great Reed Warbler, Savi's Warbler and Marsh Warbler were all singing near the hide. Eventually we also found a pair of Penduline Tits and their nest. The lake seemed deserted but we soon found fifty Little Gulls, Great Cormorants, Greylag Geese and a few other wetland bird species. As we listened to booming Bittern we started to record birds of prey. Eventually we noted two Lesser Spotted Eagles, six White-tailed Eagles, several Marsh Harriers, Two Hobby and Common Buzzard.

As we walked back to the vehicle we had great views of a Wryneck, flight views of a pair of Golden Orioles and close encounters with a variety of butterflies including the delightful

Map Butterfly.

We then moved on to an area of open grassland where we enjoyed seeing more Woodlarks, Northern Grey Shrike hovering in search of food, Common Swift and a Hobby.

Lunch was taken in a hide overlooking the lake. The stars here were a fishing Osprey, two Caspian Gulls and passing Stock Doves.

Our next port of call was an open area of wet grassland surrounded by mixed forest near Mikolaski. We had hoped to see Spotted Nutcracker here but it was not to be. We did though find a Red Fox which we watched for some minutes during which we also noted A White-tailed Eagle being mobbed by a Marsh Harrier, two Lesser Spotted Eagles, Common Buzzards, a Hobby and a Sparrowhawk. By 15.00 we were enjoying the sight and sound of Wood Warblers in beautiful mixed forest near the village of Bobroke. Once again we also enjoyed good views of Hobby and an adult White-tailed Eagle.

By this time we were pleasantly tired. Some slumbered. It was even rumoured that Neil was checking his boot laces from time to time. Fortunately Bogdan was immune to such things.

After a nourishing meal we turned in with high expectations for the day ahead.



WEDNESDAY 11 MAY

KNIEJA



The day was spent driving south to Bialowieza.

The pre-breakfast walk was a delight as we bathed in bright sunshine. The star birds were a male Goosander and a singing male Common Redstart. A Black Woodpecker was heard vigorously drumming but was only seen in flight. We set off at 09.15. By 10.10 we had driven SE to the village of Wolka Piaseczna where we spent some time looking for a Spotted Eagle that is known to nest in the area. We were unsuccessful in our quest but we did marvel at the acrobatic display of a Lesser Spotted Eagle, especially when it was mobbed by a male Marsh Harrier. We also noted Golden Oriole, Tree Pipit and Siskin at this site.

We then moved on to the historic village of Tykocin. Just to the south of the village we stopped at a sand pit and watched Sand Martins at their nests. We were hoping to see two pairs of European Bee-eaters here but we were probably too early in the year. We did, however, have splendid views of a male Ortolan Bunting in full song.

We enjoyed our packed lunch at the Dojlidy Fish Ponds. We then spent most of the afternoon walking the area. As we walked bitterns boomed and Fire-bellied Toads and Marsh Frogs croaked from the pond edges. We managed to watch both these amphibians at close range. The grebes were the main attraction of the afternoon; Great Crested were common and Red-necked and Black-necked were seen at close range. Another highlight was a variety of duck and marsh terns. The chance to compare Great Reed and Common Reed Warbler was also valuable.

We then retired to a cafe for well earned tea and coffee.

Our progress SE was somewhat impeded by a detour to the south of the village of Krynickie. After scanning the area for some time a European Roller was found on (where else but) a telephone wire. Even though the bird was distant its bright colours, especially when it flew, were quite spectacular. We then drove to Bialowieza, noting a Red Fox en route.

We dined somewhat earlier than usual and took advantage of an early night.



THURSDAY 12 MAY

DOM MYSLIWSKI

Weather: 8/8 Cu, dull.



The pre-breakfast walk was in the Park Palacowy within which our hotel, the Dom Mysliwski was situated.

As we left the hotel a Wryneck was calling loudly, as was a Grey-headed Woodpecker. Nearby we saw a Great Spotted Woodpecker drumming as a Lesser Spotted Woodpecker called in the distance. Golden Oriole was also singing in the distance. Nearer at hand were Spotted and Collared Flycatchers, Nuthatch, Marsh and Willow Tit. A Thrush Nightingale was also watched as its whole body shook with the energy of its singing. We also noted Serin and Middle Spotted Woodpecker in the park. A singing Icterine Warbler proved hard to see.

After breakfast we set off for the village of Teremiski. Just beyond was a bridge over the River Krynica. It was here that we saw another Middle Spotted Woodpecker. We then scanned a group of dead trees. In one was the nest of a Black Woodpecker. Eventually a male Black Woodpecker returned to the nest giving us splendid views as it perched on the tree. We then heard a Grey-headed Woodpecker. Within seconds we saw the bird, a male, climbing around on a dead tree. Bogdan then informed us that he had found the nest of a Lesser Spotted Woodpecker. We watched the nest hole until an adult male poked its head out and then flew to a slender tree and started to feed. Eventually it was joined by the female. At that moment a great Spotted Woodpecker arrived demonstrating the difference in size between the two species. Long-tailed Tits also joined in the festivities.

As we watched we were overflown by a male Montagu's Harrier, a Common Buzzard, a Raven and five Common Cranes. As we were about to leave the area a Lesser Spotted Eagle flew by.

We finished the morning with a forest walk. We were hoping to discover a Hazel Grouse but we were out of luck.

Lunch was taken at the Park restaurant.

At 15.00 we walked to the restricted area of the National Park, having met our guide Dorota. As soon as we stepped through the gates into the park, a sense of calm descended on us. It was somewhat like entering a great cathedral but this edifice was constructed of living trees. Huge Oak, Hornbeam, Ash, Elm, Field Maple, Lime and Spruce dominated the landscape. As it was afternoon the bird activity was muted. It was overcast and a few spots of rain fell; this resulted in many of the birds being below the canopy and therefore visible. We had fine views of Great Spotted Woodpecker, Hawfinches, Nuthatch and Collared Flycatcher. Then Dorota took us to a newly discovered nest of White-backed Woodpecker. After a wait we had splendid views of both the male and female. As we walked on, a Black Woodpecker drummed in the distance. It was then that the gem of the afternoon was discovered; a male Three-toed Woodpecker was busily feeding at the base of a tree. We were able to watch this magnificent bird for five minutes.

In one day we had managed to gain excellent views of eight European woodpeckers. The only ones we had not seen were Green and Syrian Woodpeckers, both of which are present in the area but are rare. It had been a most satisfying day.



FRIDAY 13 MAY

DOM MYSLIWSKI

Weather: 8/8cu. Rain. SW 4-5. Afternoon : 5/8 Cu. Sunny spells, SW 5-6. Calm evening.



Before breakfast we drove forest roads in an attempt to see European Bison. Sadly we were not successful; Brown Hare being the best we could manage in the mammal line.

The day was to be spent in the forest but due to the bad weather we decided to spend the morning at the Siemianowka Reservoir.

We drove north through the forest to Narewka and then on to the village of Siemianowka. Just beyond the village on the shore of the shallow reservoir is a high hide. We were glad to be sheltered from the rain but we were still buffeted by a strong, cold wind.

Wildfowl, terns and gulls abounded, as did thrushes, Fieldfare, Blackbird, Song and Mistle Thrush. A Bittern boomed in the distance.

We then moved on to the Trzy zagony area. We were hoping to see the smaller waders but the water levels were high. We had hoped to come across Citrine Wagtail too but there was no sign of this rare breeding bird.

We did see a Red Fox, two White-tailed Eagles, Marsh Harriers, a Hobby, an Osprey and a Hoopoe so there was plenty to keep us entertained.

After a late lunch in Bialowieza we set out for the bog forest reserve at Wysobie Bagno on the edge of the town. The delights here included Red-backed Shrike, Barred Warbler, three Bohemian Waxwing, Wryneck and Thrush Nightingale. Goldcrest and Redwing were also heard.



SATURDAY 14 MAY

DOM MYSLIWSKI

Weather: 0/8, sun, light wind.



Before breakfast we split into two groups, one exploring the park and the village, the other driving off to look for Bison. The former group had fine views of Wryneck, Hawfinch, Red-backed Shrike, Lesser Whitethroat, Serin and Icterine Warbler. Corncrake was heard in the meadows. Bison were not seen but a Black Woodpecker was seen well. The morning was spent on the Zebra zubra Trail. Though the forest was delightful the birds were not at their most active. Collared Flycatchers were seen well and a Middle Spotted Woodpecker was watched at the nest. A Honey Buzzard also flew over the forest.

Just before lunch an attempt was made to see River Warbler, but without success.

As we walked to lunch, four Bohemian Waxwing were seen in the Palace Park.

After lunch we drove to an area of conifer forest near the village of Czerlonka. Our aim was to see Spotted Nutcracker and Crested Tit; the former was seen briefly but the latter was only heard.

As we drove back to the hotel via the Narewke River we had close views of a Lesser Spotted Eagle. After an early dinner we headed into the forest again with Arek, our local guide. En route we saw two Turtle Doves on the road. We then stopped in an area dominated by conifers. Arek then walked a little way from the group and imitated the call of Eurasian Pygmy Owl. As we waited for a reply from the owl, three Woodcock flew overhead. Eventually a male Pygmy Owl called, then flew into a tree near the road. We enjoyed fine views through the telescopes. We then drove further into the forest in search of Tengmalm's Owl and European Nightjar. Luckily a Woodcock perched on the road so we had a good view in the headlights. Neither Tengmalm's Owl or Nightjar came to Arek's calls - perhaps it was still too cold.

Once back at the hotel a Tawny Owl was heard.



SUNDAY 15 MAY

DOM MYSLIWSKI

Weather: Dull, becoming fine as the day progressed.



The morning was spent driving to Warsaw via Siematycze and Sokolow Podlaski. We stopped for coffee at Liw. At mid-day we took advantage of an hour when we could soak up the atmosphere of the rebuilt Warsaw Old City. The grand, colourful architecture came to life when thronging humanity was added. Street restaurants clashed with colourful umbrellas while street vendors, jugglers, clowns and musicians made strange bed-fellows with high class shops and galleries. It was too much to take in, in just an hour but well worth a sample visit. We revelled in the sunshine as Swifts screamed overhead. It was then time for lunch in the smart Senator Restaurant.

As we drove to the airport we thought it a privilege to be watched over by hundreds of policemen in cars, on foot, on horses and in vehicles. Apparently though, we discovered they weren't for us at all but for the members of the Third Council for Europe Meeting that was to be held in the city!

The flight home was comfortable and on time.




SPECIES LISTS

BIRDS

Key

BIA BIALOWIEZA
BIE BIEBRZA
DOJ DOJILIDY FISH PONDS
MAZ MAZURIAN LAKES
SIEM SIEMIANOWKA

E ESTIMATE
( ) PEAK COUNT
[ ] TOTAL COUNT

Red-throated Diver Gavia stellata One in winter plumage BIE
Red-necked Grebe Podiceps grisegena Two BIE and eight DOJ
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus Widespread on lakes and ponds
Black-necked (Eared) Grebe Podiceps nigricollis Five DOJ
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo Forty MAZ and one BIE
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea Widespread
Great White Egret Egretta alba Four sightings BIE
Great Bittern Botaurus stellaris Heard daily BIE. Also noted MAZ,
DOJ and SIEM
White Stork Ciconia ciconia A common breeding bird
Mute Swan Cygnus olor Common BIE and MAZ
Greylag Goose Anser anser Flocks BIE, MAZ and SIEM (80)
Eurasian Wigeon Anas Penelope Flocks at BIE 9100) and six SIEM
Gadwall Anas strepera Four BIE, three DOJ and 22 SIEM
Common Teal Anas crecca A pair BIE
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos Widespread
Northern Pintail Anas acuta A male BIE
Garganey Anas querquedula Common BIE (30) and six SIEM
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata Local BIE 950), three DOJ and
seven SIEM
Common Pochard Aythya ferina Scarce. Three BIE and three DOJ
Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula Flocks BIE (75), eleven DOJ and
ten SIEM
Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula A pair BIE
Goosander Mergus merganser A pair and a male BIE
Osprey Pandion haliaetus One MAZ and one SIEM
White-tailed Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla Five BIE, ten MAZ and two SIEM
Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus One BIE and three BIA
Eurasian Marsh Harrier Circus aeruginosus Thirty BIE, twelve MAZ, five DOJ,
four SIEM and one BIA. Other
scattered records. [ 64 ]
Eurasian Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus Three BIE, one DOJ and one BIA
Common (Eurasian) Buzzard Buteo buteo Common [22]
Lesser Spotted Eagle Aquila pomarina Six BIE and three BIA
Common (Eurasian) Kestrel Falco tinnunculus A male BIE
Red-footed Falcon Falco vespertinus Two males BIE
Eurasian Hobby Falco subbuteo Seven BIE and one SIEM
Black Grouse Lyrurus tetrix Four males BIE
Grey Partridge Perdix perdix One BIE
Common Crane Grus grus Widespread [ 138 ]
Corn Crake Crex crex Two heard BIA
Spotted Crake Porzana porzana Heard BIE
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus One BIE
Eurasian Coot Fulica atra Widespread
(Northern) Lapwing Vanellus vanellus Widespread
(Greater) Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula Two BIE
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius Two BIE
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa Twenty four BIE
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata Seven BIE
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus One SIEM
Common Redshank Tringa tetanus Nine BIE and four SIEM
Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia One SIEM
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola Seventy BIE and twelve SIEM
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos Four BIE and one BIA
(Eurasian) Woodcock Scolopax rusticola Five BIA
Great Snipe Gallinago media Six BIE
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago Sixteen BIE and several BIA
Ruff Philomachus pugnax Very numerous BIE (E 4,000),
twenty BIA
Common (Mew) Gull Larus canus Two BIE
Caspian Gull Larus cachinnans Two MAZ and two SIEM
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus Widespread
Little Gull Larus minutes Ten BIE, Fifty MAZ, five DOJ and
six SIEM
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida Thirteen BIE, one DOJ and forty
SIEM
White-winged (Black) Tern Chlidonias leucoptera Common BIE (E 1,000), twenty
SIEM
Black Tern Chlidonias niger Seventy BIE, two MAZ, four DOJ,
twenty SIEM and one bia
Common Tern Sterna hirundo Ten BIE, four MAZ, four DOJ six
SIEM and one BIA
Little Tern Sterna albifrons Two BIE
Rock Dove (Feral Pigeon) Columba livia Common except BIA
Stock Dove Columba oenas Two BIE
(Common) Wood Pigeon Columba palumbus Common throughout
European Turtle Dove Streptopelia turtur Two BIA
Eurasian Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto Common except BIA
Common (Eurasian) Cuckoo Cuculus canorus Common and widespread
Tawny Owl Strix aluco Heard BIA
Eurasian Pygmy Owl Glaucidium passerinum A male BIA
Common Swift Apus apus Small parties from the 9th
European Roller Coracias garrulus One near Krynickie, south of
Bialystok
(Eurasian) Hoopoe Upupa epops Widespread [4]
(Eurasian) Wryneck Jynx torquilla Seen well MAZ and BIA
Lesser Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos minor One BIE and a pair nesting BIA
Middle Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos medius Four records BIA including a male
at the nest
White-backed Woodpecker Dendrocopos leucotos A pair nesting BIA
Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major Noted MAZ, BIE and BIA
Three-toed Woodpecker Picoides tridactylus A male BIA
Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius Eight records MAZ, BIE and BIA
Grey-headed Woodpecker Picus canus A male BIE and a male BIA
Wood Lark Lullula arborea Single birds BIE and eight MAZ
(Eurasian) Sky Lark Alauda arvensis Common
European Sand Martin Riparia riparia Common. A colony at Tykocin,
west of Bialystok
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica Common
Common House Martin Delichon urbica Common
Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava Common, especially BIE
White Wagtail Motacilla alba alba Common
Tree Pipit Anthus trivialis Scattered records BIA
Meadow Pipit Anthus pratensis Scattered records BIE and MAZ
Northern (Great Grey) Shrike Lanius excubitor Two records Maz and BIE
Red-backed Shrike Lanius collurio Records from the 9th. A male BIE
and eight records BIA
Bohemian Waxwing Bombycilla garrulous Parties of three and four BIA
(Winter) Wren Troglodytes troglodytes Scarce. One MAZ and two BIA
Common (Eurasian) Blackbird Turdus merula Common
Fieldfare Turdus pilaris Common
Redwing Turdus iliacus Two heard BIA
Song Thrush Turdus philomelos Common
Mistle Thrush Turdus viscivorus Three SIEM
European Robin Erithacus rubecula Common but elusive
Thrush Nightingale Luscinia luscinia Common in damp forests BIE,
MAZ and BIA
Bluethroat Luscinia svecica Two males on territory BIE
Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros Males BIE and BIA
Common Redstart Phoenicurus phoenicurus Two males BIE
Whinchat Saxicola rubetra Common in open fields
Grasshopper Warbler Locustella naevia Heard BIE
Savi's Warbler Locustella luscinioides One seen well and others heard BIE
and MAZ
Aquatic Warbler Acrocephalus paludicola A male seen well BIE
Sedge Warbler Acrocephalus schoenobaenus several BIE and DOJ
(European) Marsh Warbler Acrocephalus palustris One in song MAZ
(Eurasian) Reed Warbler Acrocephalus scirpaceus One in song DOJ
Great Reed Warbler Acrocephalus arundinaceus Common in reed beds
Icterine Warbler Hippolais icterina two in song BIA
Willow Warbler Phylloscopus trochilus Common
Common Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita Common
Wood Warbler Phylloscopus sibilatrix Common in woodlands
Blackcap Sylvia atricapilla Common
Garden Warbler Sylvia borin Somewhat elusive BIE and BIA
Common Whitethroat Sylvia communis Common BIE
Lesser Whitethroat Sylvia curruca Scattered records BIE and BIA
Barred Warbler Sylvia nisoria A brief encounter BIA
Goldcrest Regulus regulus Heard BIA
Spotted Flycatcher Muscicapa striata Scattered records
Collared Flycatcher Ficedula albicollis Several BIA
Long-tailed Tit Aegithalos caudatus Scarce BIE,MAZ and BIA
(Eurasian) Penduline Tit Remiz pendulinus Four records BIE and MAZ
Marsh Tit Parus palustris Several BIA
Willow Tit Parus montanus One BIA
Coal Tit Parus ater One BIA
Crested Tit Parus cristatus Heard BIA
Great Tit Parus major Common
Blue Tit Parus caeruleus Common
Eurasian Nuthatch Sitta europaea Eight records BIE, MAZand BIA
Eurasian Treecreeper Certhia familiaris Four records BIE and BIA
Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius Common
Black-billed Magpie Pica pica Common
Eurasian (Spotted) Nutcracker Nucifraga caryocatactes Oner BIE and one BIA
Eurasian (Western) Jackdaw Corvus monedula Common
Rook Corvus frugilegus Common
Hooded Crow Corvus cornix Common
Common Raven Corvus corax Widespread [15]
(Eurasian) Golden Oriole Oriolus oriolus Heard BIE and male seen near
Tykocin
Common (European) Starling Sturnus vulgaris Common
Yellowhammer Emberiza citronella Common
Ortolan Bunting Emberiza hortulana Heard BIE and a male seen near
Tykocin
(Eurasian) Reed Bunting Emberiza schoeniclus Common
Common Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs Very common
European Serin Serinus serinus Widespread in BIA
European Greenfinch Carduelis chloris Scattered records
(Eurasian) Siskin Carduelis spinus Eight records BIA
European Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis Common
Common Linnet Carduelis cannabina Widespread
Eurasian Bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula Elusive, a pair in BIA
Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes Common [35]
House Sparrow Passer domesticus Common
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus Delightfully common

MAMMALS

Eastern Hedgehog
Erinaceus concolor One BIE
Red Fox Vulpes vulpes Three records
Red Deer Cervus elaphus One BIA
Elk Alces alces Nine BIE
Roe Deer Capreolus capreolus Four BIE
Red Squirrel Sciurus vulgaris One BIA
Yellow-necked Mouse Apodemus flavicollis One in the headlights BIA
Brown Hare Lepus europaeus Four BIA

AMPHIBIANS

Fire-bellied Toad Bombina bombina Common
Marsh Frog Rana ridibunda Common BIE

BUTTERFLIES

Large white Pieris brassicae Common
Green-veined white Artogeia napi Common
Orange-tip Anthocharis cardamines Common
Brimstone Goneptryx rhamni Common BIE and MAZ
Wood white Leptidea sinapis Local BIE
Small copper Lycaena phlaeas One BIE
Peacock Inachis io Common
Comma Polygonia c-album One BIE
Map butterfly Araschinia levana Local BIE and MAZ



© The Travelling Naturalist 2005