TRAVELLING NATURALIST TRIP REPORT



Menorca

Friday 22 - Friday 29 April 2005





Leaders:

Jamie McMillan

Ray Nowicki



Trip Diary



22nd April

We landed in pleasantly warm sunshine and were met cheerfully by our host Shaun Murphy, who helped us with our bags and guided us on the ten-minute drive round to Matchani Gran where we were soon downing the first beers of the trip.

After we had settled into our rooms it was soon time for lunch, after which Jamie dived into the woods and brought out a Hermann’s Tortoise for all to admire. Ray meanwhile had found a Common Redstart and the first of many Booted Eagles soaring over, as well as a Peregrine also enjoying the sunshine and uplift from a steady southeasterly breeze.

The fields behind the farmhouse were carpeted with flowers and it was soon evident how late the spring was with an excellent showing of Sawfly and Mirror Ophrys, the latter usually well over by now.

As we admired these, we noticed an intriguing gathering of at least a dozen kestrels over the nearby town of San Clemente. The way they were flocking and catching insects suggested that they were Lesser Kestrels, a rare visitor to the island, so we decided to drive over to the village for a closer look. Sadly, they all seemed to have vanished as soon as we got there, but we eventually found them again on the way back and clinched the identification. In fact they were to reappear several times during the afternoon, several showing well right overhead at the guesthouse.

Back at the fields we admired more orchids including Small-flowered Tongue Orchid, and saw another male Redstart, while Pallid Swifts showed very well overhead. Down the drive we saw several dapper male Pied Flycatchers, unusually numerous today but the usual Arabian Garlic was still in bud. It had been an excellent start, with a new ‘write-in’ bird for the tour list on the first day.



23rd April Sunny, cool, southeasterly breeze.

After a night of calling Scops Owls and Stone Curlews we awoke to a clear dawn with singing Nightingales and calling Quail. The pre-breakfast walkers were rewarded with several Whinchats, a Willow Warbler and Short-toed Lark and excellent views of Tawny Pipit.

After breakfast we headed along the coast to Son Bou where a Sardinian Warbler greeted us in the empty beach car park. The wetland creek held around twenty Mallard, some admittedly of dubious origin. Their eyes lit up as they saw us, and immediately stampeded towards us: evidently we were the first potential bread suppliers they had seen for sometime.

Up on the viewpoint we could see a Black-winged Stilt on the pool below us, a Purple Gallinule (Swamphen was outvoted this trip!) that eventually gave excellent views and a Purple Heron that didn’t. Ray always had one eye on the sea and was soon picking out distant Cory’s and Yelkouan Shearwaters, while the land watchers were entertained by Common and Green Sandpipers on a creek and several Stonechats and Northern Wheatears.

Jamie nearly stepped on a young Hermann’s Tortoise, which he held in his palm for all to admire as an Audouin’s Gull flew past. We walked further along the dunes getting excellent views of a pair of these smart gulls performing a courtship display. From the beach itself we had much better views of the Cory’s Shearwaters lazily flapping on the sea but the best view was of a somewhat decomposed corpse which allowed us a close up look at the yellow bill and tubenose.

Sadly the beach cafés were shut this year so we drove into the town for our coffees and then went back to the beach to have our picnic under the pines. Here we saw two Turtle Doves in exactly the same spot as last year and also admired a Dung Beetle rolling its treasured ball of dung.

After lunch we went round to the back of the marsh stopping for our first view of Marsh Harrier, an immature male apparently displaying but with no female in sight. A Chiffchaff, not seen at all on last year’s trip, sang from the edge of the marsh while a fine Woodchat Shrike was in view by the car park. We walked across to a small bridge with Stripeless Tree Frogs calling and seeing several damselflies, including Small Red Damsel which was new for the trip. A group of at least five Whinchats indicated that they were on the move today. The Harrier disturbed a flock of Stilts from a pool further down and three Squacco Herons flew up with them, together with two small duck which we scoped from the track further on. They turned out to be a pair of Garganey and we had good views of the eye stripe of the male. The small waders were hard to see but we identified Wood Sandpiper, Redshank and Ruff.

On the walk back we saw a Migratory Locust trying to create an egg-laying burrow in the path. Then we went onto the Neolithic site of Torre d’en Gaumes where we admired the recent excavations of the stone houses and later saw Iberian Wall Lizards and a good flypast of Swifts. Remarkably we were virtually the only visitors both there and on the beach on a fine and sunny Saturday afternoon.



24th April

A misty start with many hearing Scops Owls in the dark. Mary and Jamie witnessed a Moorish Gecko picking off a moth from round the house lights but very little else was seen in the pre-breakfast walk apart from three Turtle Doves.

After breakfast we headed north to Es Mercadal where the Depuradora (nice word for sewage farm) held the usual Little Ringed Plover with two fine Hoopoe showing well on a stone wall on the way.

It was cloudy and dull as we reached the Tirant wetlands but we immediately saw a local scarce bird, a White Stork, as we pulled up. A Purple Heron was a fine sight too, but more unexpected was a Wood Warbler in a Tamarisk. As we were watching this John called out that “a herony thing was flying over”. It was a Bittern that landed in a barley field and sky-pointed with its bill out of the crop for us to find in our scopes: a superb experience.

Almost immediately after this two Stone Curlew were found sheltering under a tree on the marsh, while Bee-eaters appeared simultaneously behind us. As we watched the latter a Whiskered Tern flew across. Was there no end to the good birding? We walked around the marsh seeing several tree frogs which we caught for the camera, one jumping onto Bobby’s nose.

Further on Ray was scoping the masses of Swifts and hirundines that were appearing overhead found two Collared Pratincoles and another five were seen flying just over the minibuses. Unfortunately at this time we were several hundred yards away from them! We walked back to the vehicles and then drove to Fornells for coffee returning to the Tirant pig farm pool. Here we saw a Red-crested Pochard, a vagrant to Menorca and had good views of the Whiskered Tern.

We then headed to the Cap de Cavelleria calling in at the new eco muse but we were not allowed to stop for a picnic there and so headed onto a sheltered bay where we had lunch. Here a pair of Audouin’s Gulls called like mobile phones according to one group member and landed beside us taking a keen interest in Bobby’s rucksack. As we left a Dunlin, new for the trip list, landed on the beach. We then headed to the Cape itself getting good views of the shearwaters in a raft offshore while John found a splendid pair of Blue Rock Thrushes. As it was still cloudy inland we abandoned our proposed visit to Monte Toro and spent time around the ecomusée with a good selection of flowers and a few migrants before heading for home.



25th April

The pre-breakfast brigade were rewarded with a superb clear sunrise and a few good birds in the fields including a Peregrine on a pylon seen distantly but well in the scope, a brief Song Thrush, then a splendid Cuckoo perching on a bush and drying its wings and tail in the early morning sun.

After breakfast we headed west to the lush, forested Algendar Gorge where it was characteriscally hot and sunny with many raptors in the air including at least seven Egyptian Vultures together. Here Jamie at last caught up with Wood Pigeon but better were at least eight Alpine Swifts buzzing back and forth overhead. Few of these even lingered until we had lunch on the beach, an unprecedented chance to get long views of this normally here-and-gone bird.

Butterflies were numerous in the sunshine and an excellent variety included Green Hairstreak, Brown Argus, Red Admiral, Painted Lady, Clouded Yellow and Cleopatra while several Hummingbird Hawkmoths settled obligingly for all to see. The birds were rather quiet in the heat but eventually several Firecrests sang and were seen by the persistent, and a few elusive migrants included Wood Warbler, Pied Flycatcher and Whinchat.

We then headed for coffee in Cala Galdana, and then for a picnic lunch under the pines on the beach. After this some went for a paddle in the inviting-looking water in typically British style: wearing shorts, hats and binoculars and all looking splendidly out-of-place amongst the rather more scantily clad sunbathers.

After lunch we headed west again to the Naveta d’es Tudons, a stone burial chamber admist flowery fields. Here we encountered our first Meadow Pipit but mainly looked at the annual cornfield weeds including Pheasant’s Eye and Shepherd’s Needle. We finished the day admiring the old town of Ciutadella before heading back in the evening sunshine to Matchani Gran, where it was warm enough for at least one group member to venture into the pool.



26th April

It was a rough night, though calm and starry weatherwise. Rough, because the Scops Owl kept several of us awake by calling right outside our rooms all night - and those who tried to see it couldn’t! It was another beautiful sunrise, though, with Stone Curlew calling.

We drove to the coast and despite Jamie’s lack of navigational sense we eventually found our way to Canutells (the answer on this occasion was “no”) where we saw Pallid Swifts and Blue Rock Thrush in excellent light. It was Ray’s looking for shearwaters again that gave us our best sighting of the morning: a school of Bottle-nosed Dolphins clearly visible as they leapt out of the water, a distant but exciting sight. Meanwhile, strings of shearwaters streamed past.

After breakfast we headed into Mahon for the traditional culture-cum-retail therapy. It was another navigational triumph that saw us saloming around the café tables on some of the narrower streets, in a scene somewhat reminiscent of the ‘Italian Job’. But eventually we got to the harbour and found to our delight that the harbour cruises were indeed going that day.

So at twelve noon we assembled on the boat in hot sunshine amongst a whole lot of bridge players (should that be a ‘pack’?) for a delightful harbour cruise showing us the forts and old isolation hospitals on many of the islands, as well as the fish and sea urchins of the seabed from the glass bottom.

After a late lunch some opted to stay by the pool in the hot afternoon while the rest headed to Albufera Es Grau. The pools are normally fairly quiet here, but today they were spectacularly so with only a few flycatchers and warblers in the pine wood to enliven things although the purring of Turtle Doves added to the somnolent atmosphere. The group walked round Es Grau beach seeing the first White Wagtail of the trip, while the leaders drove to meet them at the café.

Back at Matchani Gran it had been an eventful afternoon. A tortoise had got itself firmly stuck under the gate and Guy had helped to release it.



27th April

The Scops Owl was finally seen (or rather glimpsed) last night, and the early risers were up to a clear dawn and the songs of Turtle Dove and Hoopoe. Both Sardinian Warbler and Nightingale were seen in the scopes, and we had good views of a Hoopoe on the ground in the donkey field. A mini-fall of Wheatears, around ten, were showing and a Short-toed Lark was doing its yo-yo display flight.

After breakfast we headed again for the Depuradora where the air was somewhat ripe, but we did see a Whiskered Tern very well, as well as the waders. Tirant Marshes were looking fine in the sunshine and had the usual Purple Heron. Despite disturbance from a few bird watchers unbelievably walking across the middle we went to the west end where Little Grebe were calling and found, amazingly, two Marbled Ducks, yet another vagrant from the mainland to Menorca. These sadly disappeared before most of the group could see them, and we spent a frustrating time looking for them but hearing our first Sedge Warbler for the week and seeing two fine Yellow Wagtails on a roadside pool.

Round at the track Stone Curlew were showing well again in the sun and we had superb views of perched Bee-eaters and heard Great Reed Warbler. As we got back to the vehicles a couple of local journalists pounced on us (Alison having identified Jamie as the leader: thanks a bunch Alison!) and interviewed us about birdwatching tourism.

We then headed to the pig farm pool seeing distant Pond Terrapins and our first Zitting Cisticola of the trip. After coffee in a much quieter Fornells we headed up into the forested hills of Sa Roca for lunch. There were plenty of Bumble-bee Orchids up here with the spectacular Violet Limodores still in bud, and only a few of them at that. A Black Kite briefly joined the Booted Eagles overhead.

We decided to give the ducks at Tirant one more try, and scored spectacularly with everyone getting great sunlit scope views of the Marbled Ducks feeding on their pool.

Then it was up the hairpin bends to Monte Toro for wonderful clear views of the island and a view of the Mallorcan mountains. A male Black Redstart was a good find, and we saw a female around the other side. From the café we watched several migrants - flycatchers and warblers - while back at the car park Wheatear and Common Redstart were seen.

But Ray left the best until we were packing up to go, finding a splendid male Rock Thrush seen by all in the scopes eventually, later joined by a female on the rocks below. A fabulous end to the day!

In the evening we ventured out to Es Castell for what we all agreed was a splendid meal in one of the island’s best restaurants in a superb setting by the harbourside.



28th April

Jamie just made it to join the pre-breakfast brigade on a second jaunt to Canutells. Ray successfully navigated there this time, and here we watched the amazing spectacle of migrants arriving in off the sea, some, including Wood Warbler, flying low over our heads and one, a tired Hoopoe, plonking down on the path in front of a rather startled Martin. The Yellow Wagtails and warblers were a good sign of things to come later on.

After breakfast we headed to Cap Favaritz. Here amidst the lunar landscape of shale were single Kentish and Little Ringed Plovers on the wader pool and hundreds of shearwaters in a raft off-shore. These were mostly Cory’s with several Yelkouan and the bright light made for a superb viewing. We also looked down the rock pools seeing several jellyfish and sea anemones.

We then drove to Mongofre Nou where we met Santi from G.O.B. and saw Redstart, Pied Flycatcher and Willow Warbler on the entrance trail. First bird over the pools was a superb Osprey. Later we saw another and the first (or possibly a third) fishing in a bay past the pools.

The pools themselves had the usual collection of waders with two Little Stints the most unusual. Land migrants were surprisingly numerous, and you could hardly walk twenty yards without seeing another warbler, flycatcher or Whinchat. It was hot in the bright sunshine without a breath of wind and as we walked back for lunch we saw a Water Pipit fly up from the edge of the pool and show intermittently over the other side.

Lunch in the shade was a welcome and sleepy affair in the heat. We set off back along the rough road stopping every so often to look at yet more migrants which seemed to be everywhere. At one point a Weasel chased out on to the track after a lizard, and kept reappearing, only to be frightened back by the sight of our minibus (rather than its driver). Finally we headed back out to the cape scrub for a quick botanize and several Red-legged Partridges. Spotted Flycatchers and Turtle Doves lined the drive (well, at least four of each!) as we returned to Matchani Gran and headed for the cold beers after what was probably the hottest day Jamie has experienced in three trips to Menorca.

In the evening a vote for ‘bird of the trip’ produced no clear winner, with the Bittern, Nightingale and Marbled Ducks all tying just in front, and other votes for a huge variety of species. The ‘non-bird’ of the trip was clearer, with tree frogs and dolphins tying for first place, but there were other votes for Hermann’s Tortoise, Weasel and flowers. Everyone had a different moment of the trip but the most quotable was ‘getting a tree frog on my nose’.



Many thanks to Jenny, Shaun, Jade, June, Catolina and Terry for making us so welcome again at Matxani Gran, and to the whole group for making this trip so enjoyable to lead.



Jamie McMillan

Ray Nowicki




SPECIES LISTS

The details in brackets denote the number of days in which a particular species was recorded during the eight day trip followed by the combined number for that species on those days.



GREBES Podicipediformes Podicipedidae

Little Grebe
Tachybaptus ruficollis. (4/8)

Recorded on 4 days with a max of 4 on the 26th.



SHEARWATERS & PETRELS Procellariiformes Procellariidae

Cory's Shearwater
Calonectris diomedea. (4/660+)

Seen on 4 days with over 600 on the 28th.

Yelkouan Shearwater Puffinus yelkouan. (4/115+)

Observed on 4 days with at least 50 on the 26th.



CORMORANTS Pelecaniformes Phalacrocoracidae

Great Cormorant
Phalacrocorax carbo. (2/4)

Two seen on 2 days.

Shag Phalacrocorax aristotelis. (4/27)

Recorded on 4 dates with max of 10 seen on 2 days, all ssp.desmarestii.



HERONS, EGRETS & BITTERNS Ciconiiformes Ardeidae

Grey Heron
Ardea cinerea. (4/8)

Observed on 4 days with a max of 3 on the 25th & 28th.

Purple Heron Ardea purpurea. (4/8)

Three on the 27th at Tirant with smaller numbers on 3 other days.

Little Egret Egretta garzetta. (6/13)

Seen on 6 days with a max of 5 on the 24th.

Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides. (1/3)

Three at Ses Canassies, near Son Bou on the 23rd.

Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis. (1/1)

Single bird recorded at Tirant on the 24th.

Great Bittern Botaurus stellaris. (1/1)

Good views of a bird that landed in a cereal crop at the Tirant Marsh on the 24th.



STORKS Ciconiiformes Ciconiidae

White Stork
Ciconia ciconia. (1/1)

Prolonged sighting of one in the Tirant Marsh on the 24th, later seen to fly off high to the north.



SWANS, GEESE & DUCKS Anseriformes Anatidae

Mallard
Anas platyrhynchos. (6/90+)

Common in good numbers with a max of at least 50 on the 27th.

Garganey Anas querquedula. (1/2)

Pair seen at Ses Canassies, near Son Bou on the 23rd.

Marbled Duck Marmaronetta angustirostris. (1/2)

A pair of these very rare small ducks at the Tirant Marsh on the 27th. A vagrant to Menorca.

Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina. (1/1)

A moulting male seen on the Tirant Mash on the 24th. A vagrant to Menorca.

White-cheeked Pintail Anas bahamensis.

Small numbers of escapes/feral birds seen at Mongofre Nou on the 28th.



OSPREY Falconiformes Pandionidae

Osprey
Pandion haliaetus. (1/2)

Two birds fishing the waters of Mongofre Nou on the 28th.



HAWKS, EAGLES & KITES Falconiformes Accipitridae

Red Kite
Milvus milvus. (6/12)

Small numbers seen on 6 days with a max of 3 on the 23rd & 28th.

Black Kite Milvus migrans. (1/1)

Single migrant recorded flying over Monte Toro on the 27th.

Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus. (5/56)

Observed in small numbers on 5 dates apart from the max of 40 on the 25th.

Western Marsh Harrier Circus aeruginosus. (3/6)

Male in display over Son Bou Marsh on the 23rd. Up to 3?? seen on 2 other days.

Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus. (8/71)

Recorded every day with a max of 15 on the 28th.





FALCONS & CARACARAS Falconiformes Falconidae

Lesser Kestrel
Falco naumanni. (1/12)

Flock of about 15 feeding on insects near Matxani-Gran on the 22nd. A vagrant to Manorca.

Eurasian Kestrel Falco tinnunculus. (8/23+)

Observed every day with a max of 10 on 2 days, the 23rd and 28th.

Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus. (5/11)

Small numbers on five dates with a max of 4 on the 24th.



PHEASANTS & PARTRIDGES Galliformes Phasianidae

Red-legged Partridge
Alectoris rufa. (4/12)

Heard on three days but nine were seen on the 28th at Cap Favaritx.

Quail Coturnix coturnix. (8/9)

One or more heard every day but none were seen.



RAILS, GALLINULES & COOTS Gruiformes Rallidae

Purple Swamphen
Porphyrio porphyrio. (1/7)

Seven recorded from the Son Bou Marsh/Ses Canassies area on the 23rd.

Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus. (3/4)

Singles on the 23rd and 27th but two recorded on the 26th.

Eurasian Coot Fulica atra. (6/61)

Common in most wetlands with a max of 30 on the 24th.



AVOCETS & STILTS Charadriiformes Recurvirostridae

Black-winged Stilt
Himantopus himantopus. (2/37)

Seven on the 23rd & thirty on the 28th.

Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola. (1/8)

Eight over the Tirant Marsh on the 24th.



THICK-KNEES Charadriiformes Burhinidae

Stone-curlew
(Eurasian thick-knee) Burhinus oedicnemus. (8/12)

Heard every day; two seen on the Tirant Marsh on the 24th & 27th. Three flushed during a walk at Cap de Favaritx on the 28th.



PLOVERS & LAPWINGS Charadriiformes Charadriidae

Greater Ringed Plover
Charadrius hiaticula. (1/1)

One at Mongofre Nou on the 28th.

Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius. (3/29)

Small numbers on 2 days with a max of 20 on the 28th at Mongofre Nou.

Kentish (Snowy) Plover Charadrius alexandrinus. (1/1)

Single seen at Cap de Favaritx on the 28th.



SANDPIPERS Charadriiformes Scolopacidae

Common Snipe
Gallinago gallinago. (1/1)

One flushed from the Son Bou Marsh on the 23rd.

Common Redshank Tringa totanus. (2/2)

Singles at the Son Bou Marsh on the 23rd and Mongofre Nou on the 28th.

Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia. (1/4)

At least four at Mongofre Nou on the 28th.

Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus. (2/2)

Singles at the Son Bou Marsh on the 23rd and Tirant Marsh on 24th.

Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola. (4/34)

Recorded on 4 days with a max of at least 20 at Mongofre Nou on the 28th.

Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos. (4/12)

Small numbers on 3 days with max of 6 at Mongofre Nou on the 28th.

Little Stint Calidris minuta. (1/2)

Two birds just coming into summer plumage at Mongofre Nou on the 28th.

Dunlin Calidris alpina. (1/1)

Single on the beach near Cap de Cavalleria on the 24th.

Ruff Philomachus pugnax. (3/5)

One on the 23rd and two on the 27th and 28th.



GULLS Charadriiformes Laridae

Audouin's Gull
Larus audouinii. (4/20)

Seen on 4 days with max of ten on the 26th.

Yellow-legged Gull Larus cachinnans. (8/66+)

Common and recorded daily with a max count of 50 on the 24th.



TERNS Charadriiformes Sternidae

Whiskered Tern
Chlidonias hybrida. (2/2)

Single over the Tirant Marsh on the 24th and one at Es Mercadal Depuradora on the 27th.



PIGEONS & DOVES Columbiformes Columbidae

Rock Dove
Columba livia. (8/27+)

Common and seen daily with max count of at least 20 on the 22nd.

Common Woodpigeon Columba palumbus. (4/22)

Recorded on 4 days with a max of 10 on the 25th.

Eurasian Turtle Dove Streptopelia turtur. (7/32)

Fairly common over the island with birds breeding at Matxani Gran.

Eurasian Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto. (8/17+)

Very common and found throughout.



OWLS Strigiformes Strigidae

Scops Owl
Otus scops. (8/1)

Heard every night at Matxani Gran and finally seen in flight one evening.



CUCKOOS Cuculiformes Cuculidae

Common (Eurasian) Cuckoo
Cuculus canorus. (2/2)

One seen at Matxani Gran on the 25th and one heard on the 27th.



SWIFTS Apodiformes Apodidae

Alpine Swift
Tachymarptis melba. (1/8)

Prolonged views of up to 8 at the Algendar Gorge on the 25th.



Common Swift
Apus apus. (8/260+)

Recorded daily with hundreds seen on the 24th & 25th.

Pallid Swift Apus pallidus. (6/66)

Seen most days with a max of 20 on the 26th & 28th.



BEE-EATERS Coraciiformes Meropidae

European Bee-eater
Merops apiaster. (5/43)

Observed on 4 dates with a max of 16 on the 27th.



HOOPOES Coraciiformes Upupidae

Eurasian Hoopoe
Upupa epops. (8/39)

Heard and seen everyday with a max of 10 on the 24th & 25th.



LARKS Passeriformes Alaudidae

Greater Short-toed Lark
Calandrella brachydactyla. (4/7)

Four recorded on the 22nd with singles seen on 3 other days.

Thekla Lark Galerida theklae. (8/13)

Daily sightings with a max of 6 on the 22nd.



SWALLOWS Passeriformes Hirundinidae

Sand Martin
(Bank Swallow) Riparia riparia. (6/33)

Singles found during the first half of the week with up to 20 present by the 28th.

Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica. (7/205+)

Observed daily with hundreds seen on the 24th & 25th.

House Martin Delichon urbica. (5/280)

Numbers building from the 24th onwards with hundreds seen on the 25th & 28th.



WAGTAILS & PIPITS Passeriformes Motacillidae

Yellow Wagtail
Motacilla flava. (4/29)

Recorded on 4 days with a max of 15 on the 24th, of the Spanish race, iberiae.

White Wagtail Motacilla alba alba. (2/3)

Two observed on the 26th and one on the 27th.

Tawny Pipit Anthus campestris. (7/46)

Common and widespread with a max of 10 on the 24th & 25th.

Water Pipit Anthus spinoletta. (1/1)

Colourful summer plumage individual at Mongofre Nou on the 28th.

Meadow Pipit Anthus pratensis. (2/2)

Singles recorded on only 2 days, the 25th and 27th.



KINGLETS Passeriformes Regulidae

Firecrest
Regulus ignicapillus. (2/7)

Five heard and one seen on the 25th at Algendar Gorge & 1 heard on the 27th.



THRUSHES Passeriformes Turdidae

Blue Rock-thrush
Monticola solitarius. (3/22)

A pair seen on the 24th with 10 recorded from a variety of sites on the 26th & 28th.

Rock Thrush Monticola saxatilis. (1/2)

One pair found at Monte Toro on the 27th.

Eurasian Blackbird Turdus merula. (8/25+)

Fairly common and recorded daily with a max of 10 on the 24th.

Song Thrush Turdus philomelos. (1/2)

Two observed on the 25th at Matchani Gran.



CISTICOLAS Passeriformes Cisticolidae

Zitting Cisticola (Fan-tailed Warbler)
Cisticola juncidis. (1/1)

A single male found singing at the Tirant Marsh on the 27th.



OLD WORLD WARBLERS Passeriformes Sylviidae

Cetti's Warbler
Cettia cetti. (8/31)

Common and recorded daily with a max of 15 on the 25th.

Sedge Warbler Acrocephalus schoenobaenus. (1/2)

At least two birds singing on the 27th at the Tirant Marsh.



Great Reed Warbler
Acrocephalus arundinaceus. (2/2)

Singles singing at the Tirant Marsh on the 24th & 27th.

Willow Warbler Phylloscopus trochilus. (7/40)

Seen most days with a max of 20 on the 28th.

Wood Warbler Phylloscopus sibilatrix. (5/11)

Observed on 5 days with a max of 3 on the 28th & 29th.

Common Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybeta. (1/1)

One seen and heard at the Son Bou Marsh on the 23rd.

Blackcap Sylvia atricapilla. (3/5)

Singles on two dates and three individuals on the 24th.

Greater Whitethroat Sylvia communis. (1/4)

At least four found skulking in low scrub near Cap de Cavalleria on the 24th.

Sardinian Warbler Sylvia melanocephala. (8/36+)

Common and widespread with a max count of 20 on the 25th.





OLD WORLD FLYCATCHERS Passeriformes Muscicapidae

Spotted Flycatcher
Muscicapa striata. (5/19)

Recorded on 5 dates and increasing as the week went on, with a max of 9 on the 28th.

European Pied Flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca. (8/45)

Observed daily with a max count of 10 on the 28th.

European Robin Erithacus rubecula. (2/2)

Recorded on the 22nd with another heard on the 27th.

Common Nightingale Luscinia megarhynchos. (7/35)

Seen and heard most days with a max count of 10+ on the 25th.

Common Redstart Phoenicurus phoenicurus. (4/15)

Observed on 4 dates with a max count of 8 on the 28th.

Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros. (1/2)

Two found at Monte Toro on the 27th.

Whinchat Saxicola rubetra. (6/43)

Recorded most days with a max of 12 on the 28th.

Common Stonechat Saxicola torquata. (6/34)

Seen and heard most days with a max count of 10 on the 23rd & 27th.

Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe. (4/30)

Observed on 4 dates with a max count of 12 on the 23rd.



CHICKADEES & TITS Passeriformes Paridae

Great Tit
Parus major. (7/15)

Seen and heard most days with a max count of 4 on the 25th.



SHRIKES Passeriformes Laniidae

Woodchat Shrike
Lanius senator. (7/52)

Common and widespread with a max count of 15 on the 25th.



CROWS & JAYS Passeriformes Corvidae

Common Raven
Corvus corax. (6/33)

Observed on 6 days with a max count of 10 on the 24th & 25th.



ORIOLES Passeriformes Oriolidae

Eurasian Golden Oriole
Oriolus oriolus. (1/1)

A few lucky people saw a male flying through the Sa Roca Woods on the 27th.



OLD WORLD SPARROWS Passeriformes Passeridae

House Sparrow
Passer domesticus. (8/100+)

Very common and widespread throughout the island.



FINCHES Passeriformes Fringillidae

Chaffinch
Fringilla coelebs. (4/10)

Recorded on 4 days with a max of 6 on the 26th.

European Greenfinch Carduelis chloris. (8/100+)

Common and widespread throughout the area.

European Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis. (8/50+)

Observed on every day with a max of 10 on the 22nd.

Eurasian Linnet Carduelis cannabina. (7/50+)

Recorded on most days with a max of 50 on the 22nd.



BUNTINGS & SEEDEATERS Passeriformes Emberizidae

Corn Bunting
Emberiza calandra. (8/100+)

Common and widespread throughout the island and seen daily.





MAMMALS



RABBITS & HARES Lagomorpha Leporidae

European Rabbit
Oryctolagus cuniculus.

Seen on two dates.

MICE, RATS, VOLES & GERBILS Rodentia Muridae

Black Rat
Rattus rattus.

Evidence of nests at Torre D’en Galmes.



WEASELS & PINE MARTEN Carnivora Mustelidae

Pine Marten Martes martes.

Scats found at Algendar Gorge.

Weasel Mustela nivalis.

One seen near Mongofre Nou, 28th.



HEDGEHOGS Lipotyphla Erinaceidae

Algerian Hedgehog
Atelerix algirus.

Several seen dead on the roads.



DOLPHINS Cetacea Delphinidae

Bottle-nosed Dolphin
Tursiops truncates.

15-20 seen off Es Canutells on 26th.



BATS Chiroptera Vespertilionidae

Pipistrelle sp
Pipistrellus sp.

Seen at Matxani Gran.



AMPHIBIANS

Stripeless Tree Frog
Hyla meridionalis.

Several seen superbly this trip – especially the ones that thought they were camouflaged! The nose-loving subspecies also seen on one day.



REPTILES

Moorish Gecko
Tarentola mauretanica.

Seen daily on the walls at Matchani Gran

Italian Wall Lizard Podarcis sicula.

Widespread

Hermann’s Tortoise Testudo hermanni.

An excellent series of sightings – noted most days.

European Pond Terrapin Emys orbicularis.

Several seen distantly at TirantMarsh



BUTTERFLIES

Swallowtail
Papilio machaon.

Large White Pieris brassicae.

Small White Arlogeia rapae.

Clouded Yellow Colias crocea.

Cleopatra Gonepteryx cleopatra.

Brown Argus Aricia agestis.

Common Blue Polyommatus icarus.

Red Admiral Vanessa atalanta.

Painted Lady Vanessa cardui.

Speckled Wood Pararge aegeria.

Wall Brown Lasiommata megera.

Green Hairstreak Callophrys rubi.

Small Copper Lycaena phlaeas.

Geranium Bronze Cacyreus marshalli.



OTHER INSECTS

Hummingbird Hawk Moth Macroglossum stellatarum.

Pine Processionary Moth Thaumetopoea pityocampa.

Ruby Tiger Phragmatobia fuliginosa.

Red-veined Darter Sympetrum fonscolombei.

Mediterranean Demoiselle Calopteryx haemorrhoidalis.

Blue-tailed Damselfly Ischnura elegans.

Small Red Damselfly Ceriagrion tenellum.

Egyptian Grasshopper Anacridium aegyptium.

Violet Carpenter Bee Xvlocopa violacea.

Dung Beetle Scarabaeus semipunctatus.

Tiger Beetle Cicindeal hybrida.

Beetle-hunting Wasp Scolia flavifrons.

Paper Wasp Polistes gallicus.

Tawny Mining Bee Andrena fulva.

Pollen Beetle Oxythyrea funestra.

Scorpion Buthus occitanus.

The corpse of one at Matchani Gran shown to us by Shaun

Centipede Scolopendra cingulatus.

Violet Ground Beetle Carabus violaceus.

Oil Beetle Meloe sp.

Ladybird-7spot.

Ladybird-2spot.

Locust sp.

Dung Beetle sp.

Whirlygig Beetle sp.

Millipede sp.



OTHER TAXA

Jellyfish sp
– possibly Pelagia noctiluca

Seen in rockpools at Cap Favaritx





Menorca Plant List

Compiled on previous trips, this is a cumulative list of species identified. Not all of them were found or were in flower this year.



Many thanks to Ruth Charter for additions to the list in 2005.



(Order as in “Mediterranean Wild Flowers” Blamey and Gray-Wilson)



E – Endemic SB Son Bou TG Torre den Gaumes EM Es Mercadal, Depuradora

MG - Matxani Gran T Tirant CC Cap de Cavallaria MT Monte Toro

MN Mongofre Nou CF Cap de Favaritx F Fornells SR Sa Roca AG Algendar Gorge

NT Naveta des Tudons EG Albufera Es Grau



Gymnosperms (Conifers)

Pinus halepensis (Aleppo Pine) - most common tree

Juniperus phoenicea (Phoenicean Juniper) - adapted for life on dunes SB EG

Ephedra fragilis (Joint Pine) - erect shrub with brittle stems CC EG



Angiosperms (Flowering Plants)

Dicotyledons



Fagaceae (Oak family)

Quercus ilex (Holm Oak) - everywhere



Rafflesiaceae (Rafflesia family)

Cytinus hypocystis (Cytinus) – toothy bulbous parasitic perennial; SR



Ulmaceae (Elm family)

Ulmus minor (Smooth-leaved Elm) - a few scattered trees AG



Moraceae (Mulberry family)

Ficus carica (Fig) - mainly planted and surrounded by circular stone walls MG



Urticaceae (Nettle family)

Urtica urens (Annual Nettle) - odd plant at MG

U. membranacea (Membranous Nettle) - common eg MG and waste ground

Parietaria judaica (Pellitory-of-the-wall) SB

P. officinalis (Common Pellitory)



Polygonacea (Dock family)

Polygonum maritium (Sea Knotgrass)

Rumex crispus (Curled Dock)

R. conglomeratus (Clustered Dock)



Chenopodiacea (Fathen fmily)

Beta vulgaris ssp. maritima (Sea Beet)

Halimone portulacoides (Sea Purslane)

Arthrocnemum fruticosum [Salicornia fruticosa] - shrubby type of Glasswort. SB, EG

Salicornia ramosissima [europeaea?] (Glasswort) SB EG



Phytolaccaceae (Pokeweed family)

Phytolacca arborea (Ombu) - intriguing S. American tree at MG and Mao



Aizoaceae

Carpobrotus edulis - (Hottentot Fig) - an introduction known locally as ‘patatas fritas’ because of the leaf shape



Caryophyllaceae (Pink family)

Spergularia media (Sea Spurrey)

Silene gallica (Small-flowered catchfly) CC EG

S. vulgaris (Bladder campion)

S. sedoides



Ranunculaceae (Buttercup family)

Clematis flammula (Fragrant Clematis) – on walls

C. cirrhosa (Virgin's Bower) - usually blooms in winter but a few flowers seen

Adonis annua (Pheasant's Eye) – NT

Nigella arvensis (Love-in-a-mist) MG

Ranunculus macrophyllus - large-leaved plant seen in wet ditch

R. muricatus (Rough-fruited Buttercup) - found in moist habitats T

R. peltatus (Pond Water-Crowfoot) - T

R. scelartus (Celery-leaved crowfoot)

R. flamula (Lesser Spearwort) T

R.parviflorus (Small-flowered Buttercup) MG



Papaveraceae (Poppy family)

Papaver somniferum (Opium Poppy)

P. rhoeas (Common Poppy)

P. hybridum (Rough Poppy) MG AG



Fumariaceae (Fumitory family)

Fumaria capreolata (Ramping Fumitory) – white/cream flowers, tipped with red

F. officinalis (Common Fumitory)



Cruciferae (Cress family)

Sisymbrium officinale (Hedge Mustard)

Matthiola incana (Hoary Stock) - mauve or white with sweet scent

Lobularia maritima (Sweet Alison) – common; our annual bedding plant at home SB

Capsella bursa-pastoris (Shepherd's- Purse)

Cakile maritima (Sea Rocket) SB

Raphanus raphanistrum (Wild Radish)

Resedaceae (Mignonette family)

Reseda alba (White Mignonette) - common roadside and field weed but pretty

R. luteola (Weld)

R. lutea (Wild mignonette)



Crassulacae (Stonecrop family)

Umbilicus rupestris (Navelwort or Wall Pennywort) TG



Rosacae (Rose family)

Poterium verrucosum [Sanguisorba minor subsp. Magnolii] (Mediterranean Salad Burnet)

Potentilla reptans (Creeping Cinquefoil)

Rubus ulmifolius (Bramble)



Leguminoseae (Pea family)

Circis siliquastrum (Judas Tree)

Calicotome infesta [C. spinosa] (Thorny Broom) - Widespread with yellow gorse-like flowers MN

Ceratonia siliqua (Carob Tree) - Surprisingly rare and probably planted when seen

Lupinus micranthus (Hairy Lupin) T - further up the road, nearer the sea

Psoralea bituminosa (Pitch Trefoil) -attractive plant with blue pea-flowers, leaves smelling of pitch AG EG

Astragalus balearicus - hedgehog-like shrublet with tiny pea-flowers adapted to exposed sites. E MN

A. lusitanicus – at mosaic site

Vicia benghalensis - a handsome fodder vetch with red flowers - everywhere

V. hirsuta (Hairy Tare)

V. laxiflora (Slender Tare)

V. sativa (Common Vetch)

V. lutea (Yellow Vetch)

V. bithynica (Bithynian Vetch) - bi-coloured pea-flower in dry, stony places

V. villosa (Fodder Vetch)

Lathyrus cicera (Red Vetchling) - lovely brick-red flowers

L. ochrus - cream pea-flower with enlarged leaf stalks. TG

L. annuus – flowers with orange veined standard and yellow keel

L. setifolius – orange flowers

Melilotus indicus (Small melilot) –

Medicago marina (Sea Medick) - golden pea-flowers with silky grey leaves on dunes

M. arabica (Spotted Medick)

M. arborea (Tree Medick) - occasional road-side shrub

M. polymorpha (Toothed Medick)

Trifolium nigrescens - the white clover seen in fields

T. resupinatum (Reversed Clover) - pretty pink flower with reversed flowers. Punta Prima & Tirant

T. tomentosum (Woolly Trefoil)- pale pink clover with woolly fruiting heads

T. stellatum (Starry Clover) - pink clover with starry fruiting heads

T. scabrum (Rough Clover)

Dorycnium hirsutum - hairy shrublet with pale pea-flowers. Open places

D. pentaphyllum - more slender and seen with the above at Montgofre Nou

Lotus cytisoides - dunes yellow with this pea-flower SB

L. creticus (Southern Bird’s foot Trefoil)

Scorpiurus muricatus (Scorpiurus) – easily identified by simple leaves (no leaflets)

Anthyllis vulneraria ssp insularum (Kidney Vetch) – hairy ssp balearicum - more glabrous

A. tetraphylla (Bladder Vetch) - creamy flowers with inflated fruits AG

Coronilla juncea (Rush-like Scorpion Vetch) – lunch stop after Algendar Gorge

Hedysarum coronarium (Italian Sainfoin) - unforgettable. Striking red pea-flowers



Oxalidaceae (Sorrel family)

Oxalis pes-caprae (Bermuda Buttercup) - many fields over-run with this yellow S. African plant

Oxalis corniculata (Yellow Sorrel)



Geraniaceae (Geranium family)

Geranium molle (Dove's-foot Crane's bill)

G. dissectum (Cut-leaved Crane's-bill)

G. columbinum (Long-stalked Crane's-bill)

Erodium malacoides (Mallow-leaved Stork's-bill) - common in fields and road-sides

E. cicutarium (Common Stork’s Bill)



Linaceae (Flax family)

Linum bienne (Pale Flax) - dainty plant with delicate blue flowers



Euphorbiaceae (Spurge family) - many species seen but difficult to identify

Mercurialis annua (Annual Mercury)

E. dendroides (Tree Spurge) - common hill-side shrub in open situations EG

E. helioscopia (Sun Spurge)

E. paralias (Sea Spurge)

Euphorbia myrsinites (Garrigue Spurge) CF

E.pelus (Petty Spurge) MG



Meliaceae (Persian Lilac family)

Melia azedarach (Indian Bead Tree) - street tree in Es Castell. Seeds once used for rosary beads



Anacardiaceae (Pistacio family)

Pistachia lentiscus (Gum Mastic) - widespread shrub. Once much used for its resin



Rhamnaceae (Buckthorn family)

Paliurus (Christ’s Thorn, Jerusalem Thorn)

Rhamnus alaternus (Mediterranean Buckthorn) - common evergreen shrub

R.ludovici-salvatoris - similar but leaves spiny-edged



Malvacae (Mallow family)

Malva sylvestris (Common Mallow)

M. neglecta (Dwarf Mallow) foreshore Santa Tomas

Malvella sherardiana (Malvella) Sa Roca

Lavatera cretica (Cretan Mallow)

L. arborea (Tree Mallow) SB TG



Daphne Family (Thymelaeaceae)

Thymelaea hirsuta – prostrate; dry, stony places

Hypericaceae (Hypericum family)

Hypericum balearicum (Balearic St. John’s Wort) MN E



Cistaceae (Rockrose family)

Tuberaria guttata (Spotted Rockrose) SR/MN

Cistus albidus (Grey-leaved Cistus) - large pink flowers

C. creticus - similar but leaves stalked

C. monspeliensis (Narrow-leaved Cistus) - small white flowers and sticky leaves

C. salvifolius (Sage-leaved Cistus) - large white flowers



Tamaricaeae (Tamarisk family)

Tamarisk - probably several species



Cactaceae (Cactus family)

Opuntia ficus-carica (PricklyPear) - introduced. Occasionally seen with fruit



Arialiaceae (Ivy family)

Hedera helix (Ivy)



Umbelliferae (Carrot family)

Eryngium maritimum (Sea Holly)

Smyrnium olusatrum (Alexanders)

Conopodium majus (Pignut)

Feniculum vulgare (Fennel) MN

Oenanthe globulosa (Mediterranean Water Dropwort)

Crithmum maritimum (Rock Samphire)

Ferula communis (Giant Fennel) - impressive umbellifer

Daucus carota (Wild Carrot)

Torilis nodosa (Knotted Bur-parsley) – cliffs at Canutells

Scandix pecten-veneris (Shepherds Needle) Cultivated Land – NT





Ericaceae (Heath family)

Arbutus unedo (Strawberry Tree) - evergreen tree often with flowers and fruits together SR MN

Erica arborea (Tree Heath) – MN SR



Primulaceae (Primrose family)

Anagallis arvensis - (Scarlet Pimpernel) - mainly in its blue flowered form

Cyclamen balearicum - TG E



Plumbaginaceae (Thrift family)

Limonium spp - (Sea Lavenders) – several species found but not flowering including:

L. echioides



Oleaceae (Olive family)

Phillyrea latifolia [P.media]- evergreen shrub: MN

Olea europaea (Olive) - usually planted but wild trees frequent F



Gentianaceae (Gentian family)

Blackstonia perfoliata (Yellow-wort)

Centaurium maritimum (Yellow Centaury) – CC rocky coasts



Apocynaceae (Oleander family)

Vinca difformis (Intermediate Periwinkle) - some colonies with pale blue flowers



Rubiaceae (Bedstraw family)

Galium aparine (Goose-grass)

Rubia peregrina (Wild Madder) - scrambling plant with hooked bristles EG



Convovulaceae (Bindweed family)

Calystegia soidanella (Sea Bindweed) in sand at F

Convolvulus althaeoides ((Mallow-leaved Bindweed) – common in fields



Boraginaceae (Borage family)

Echium plantagineum (Purple Viper's Bugloss) - frequent and colourful SB

Borago officinalis (Borage) SB

Cynoglossum creticum (Blue Hound's-tongue) - softly hairy with veined blue flower

Anchusa calcarea - similar to Anchusa undulata (Undulate Anchusa) F

A.azurea (Blue Alkanet) SB



Labiatae (Mint family)

Teucrium capitatum - clusters of tight pink flower-heads CC

T. subspinosum ssp spinescens - another adapted spiny 'hedgehog' plant. CC E

Prasium majus - attractive shrub with lipped flowers MG TG

Mentha aquaticus (Water Mint) T

Rosmarinus officinalis (Rosemary)- prostrate in harsh habitats SR

Lavandula stoechas (French Lavender) - seen on rock-face

Salvia verbenaca (Meadow Clary) SB



Solanaceae (Potato family)

Solanum nigrum (Black Nightshade)

S. sodomeum (Apple of Sodom) - prickly shrub with mauve 'potato' flowers, yellow-veined fruits SB

Hyoscyamus albus (White Henbane) – Wall of Mahon Church MAO



Scrophulariaceae (Figwort family)

Verbascum creticum - a lovely tall Mullein with large yellow flowers AG

Scrophularia peregrina (Nettle-leaved Figwort) - saw-toothed leaves with brown flowers: TG

S. ramosissima - persistent dead stems shelter new growth. Crimson and white flowers. Dunes

Misopates orontium (Weasel's Snout or Lesser Snapdragon) – agricultural weed

Linaria triphylla (Three-leaved Toadflax) - common field weed. Yellow toadflax with violet spur.

Cymbalaria muralis (Ivy-leaved Toadflax) SB TG

Veronica arvensis (Wall Speedwell)

Veronica cymbalaria (White Speedwell) AG

Parentucellia viscosa (Yellow Bartsia), - damp places AG MG

Bellardia trixago (Bellardia) - attractive spike of pink and white flowers. MG and elsewhere



Orobanchaceae (Broomrape family)

Orobanche minor (Common Broomrape) MG

O. ramosa (Branched Broomrape) – blue flower



Plantaginaceae (Plantago family)

Plantago coronopus (Buck's-horn Plantain)

P. lanceolata (Ribwort Plantain) - common and well known

P. lagopus - resembles the above; whitish velvety heads MG and elsewhere

P. maritima ssp crassifolia - fleshly-leaved coastal plant

P. cretica – multi-headed NT



Caprifoliaceae (Honeysuckle family)

Lonicera implexa (Honeysuckle)



Valerianaceae (Valerian family)

Centranthus calcitrapa - pink flowerlets, variable and in most habitats



Dipsacaeae (Scabious family)

Scabiosa maritima (Mournful Widow) - a dune Scabious. SB



Compositae (Daisy family)

Bellis annua (Annual Daisy) - similar to our lawn daisy but in shades of pink to lilac

Bellium bellidioides TG

Evax pygmaea (Evax) - cute silvery stemless rosettes. MG CC

Helichrysum stoechas – aromatic grey shrublet in exposed rocky areas

H. rupestre – larger leaves than above , not

Phagnolon rupestre - similar but single flower-heads

Inula salicina (Fleabane) SR

Inula conyza (Ploughman’s Spikenard) – MN

Inula crithmoides (Golden Samphire) – MN

Pallenis spinosa - frequent. Yellow daisy-type flower with green starry bracts

Santolina chamarcyparissus Subsp. squarrosa (Lavender Cotton)

Anthemis maritimus - fleshy leaved coastal plant with daisy flowers

Chrysanthemum coronarium - Everywhere. Bright yellow or bi-coloured daisy flowers

Senecio cineraria (Silver Ragwort) - our silver-leaved garden plant

S. rodriguezii - lovely pink daisy found in harsh coastal areas CC E

Calendula arvensis (Field Marigold) - very common fieldweed. MG

Galactites tomentosa - a pretty thistle but many fields over-run with it

Silybum marianum (Milk Thistle) - a handsome thistle with white-veined leaves. MG

Cichorium intybus (Chicory)

Hyoseris radiata - a common yellow composite with stepped pinnate leaves

Urospermum dalechampii - a large soft yellow composite with dark centres. Lovely

Reichardia tingitana - a glabrous yellow daisy with a dark centre. Son Bou

Launea cervicornis - spiny shrublet on exposed rocky coasts E

Sonchus oleraceus (Smooth Sow-thistle)

Posidonia oceanica (Neptune Grass) - fibrous 'sea-balls' from this on beach

Monocotyledons

Liliaceae (Lily family)

Asphodelus aestivus - common taller Asphodel. Attractive but a serious weed

A. fistulosus - shorter, with rounded hollow leaves. An equal pest. MG

Aloe vera - succulent spiny leaves, orange-yellow trumpet-like flowers, naturalised in Med: probably from S.Africa - everywhere

Urginea maritima (Sea Squill) - large leafy bulb which flowers late summer

Ornithogalum arabicum (Arabian Garlic) MG

O. umbellatum (Star of Bethlehem) AG

Muscari comosum (Tassel Hyacinth) - mainly blue flowers with a tassel' atop the spike. MG

Asparagus albus (White Asparagus) - white stems with sharp spines beside leaf-like tufts, MG

A. stipularis - spiny looking asparagus - everywhere

Ruscus aculeatus (Butcher's Broom) - a stiff plant with tough flattened shoots AG

Smilax aspera (Common Smilax) - climbing prickly plant with heart-shaped leaves

Allium roseum (Rosy Garlic) - everywhere in varying shades of pink

A. triquetrum (Three-cornered Leek) - a common weed but attractively so

Allium cupanii EG



Amaryllidaceae (Daffodil family)

Leucojurn aestivum (Summer Snowflake) - like a large Snowdrop

Pancratium maritimum (Sea Daffodil) - leaves in plenty on sandy shores



Iridaceae (Iris family)

Gladiolus italicus

G. illyricus - an attractive, rather dainty Gladiolus

Romulea columnae (Sand Crocus) – in seed MG



Palmae (Palm family)

Chamaerops humilis (Dwarf Fan Palm) – one of only two native European Palms C

Phoenix canariensis (Canary Palm) - Mahon



Araceae (Arum family)

Dracunculus muscivorus (Dragon's Mouth) - the most disgustingly memorable plant of the week! CC

Arum italicum (Italian Arum) - a shade-lover. Several hooded flowers seen CC

Arum pictum (Autumn arum) CC

Arisarum vulgare (Friar's Cowl) - more common in open sites



Orchidaceae (Orchid family)

Limodorum abortivum (Violet Bird’s Nest Orchid): SR

Orchis lactea (Milky Orchid)

Ophrys speculum (Mirror Orchid) MG

O. lutea (Yellow Bee Orchid) MG

O. fusca (Sombre Bee Orchid)

O. bertolonii (Bertoloni’s Bee Orchid): SR

O. tenthredinifera (Sawfly Orchid) - in great numbers MG

O. bombyliflora (Bumble-bee Orchid) MG

Barlia robertiana (Giant Orchid) MG

Anacamptis pyramidalis (Pyramidal Orchid) - white to deep pink SB

Serapias parviflora (Small-flowered Tongue Orchid) - also albino form SB MG



Graminae (Grass family)

Phragmites australis (Common Reed) SB

Phleum pratense (Timothy Grass)

Briza media (Quaking Grass)

Avena sterilis (Winter Wild Oat)

Ampelodesmus mauretanica - a green robust plant with striking flower heads up to 3m. tall CC

Arundo donax (Giant Reed) AG

Ammophila arenaria -(Marram Grass) - common dune-fixing grass EG

Lagurus ovatus (Hare’s Tail) MG

Hordeum murinum (Wall Barley) MG



Juncaceae (Rush family)

Juncus inflexus (Hard Rush)

J. acutus (Sharp Rush) - with very sharp spines SB

Luzula pilosa ? (Hairy woodrush)



Pteridophytes (Ferns and Horsetails)

Equisetum telmateia (Giant Horsetail) – Algendar Gorge

Asplenium trichomanes (Common Spleenwort)

Polypodium australe (Polypody)

Adiantum capillis-veneris (Maidenhair Fern) MAO





© The Travelling Naturalist 2005