Thursday 29 April - Thursday 6 May 2004

Keith Grant
Neil Arnold



We are grateful to you all for making the holiday such a pleasant experience. Much of our success in finding wildlife was due to your considerable effort. While it is not normally our habit to name individuals we would especially like to thank Lexie for sharing his considerable expertise as a botanist. Our special thanks go to the staff of the Kalloni II Hotel for making us so comfortable and to George, our cheerful and skilful driver. We hope we will see you all again soon.

Best wishes,

Keith Grant and Neil Arnold

May 2004


Thursday 29 April

After a pleasant flight we made our way to Skala Kallonis where we found that our rooms were still occupied, but quickly settled in to a nearby hotel. When in RomeÖ.

Soon we were taking a short walk around the immediate area. The bird highlights were Squacco Heron, Little Bittern and Glossy Ibis.

Friday 30 April

Skala Kallonis, Derbyshire, Achladeri, Vouvaris River, Kalloni Salt Pans.

Weather 2-3/8 Cirrus, light front passing, sunny, hot.

A pre-breakfast walk along the West River revealed Kentish Plovers, Red-throated Pipits, Red-footed Falcon, Black Stork and twenty Gull -billed Terns.

By 09.30 we had reached 'Derbyshire', an area of shallow wetlands and a vegetated hillside. As a Nightingale sang in the background we scanned the wetland, finding Wood Sandpiper, Black-headed Wagtail and a Purple Heron. Overhead the effects of the passing weather front revealed twenty-five Bee-eaters, twenty Alpine Swifts and ten Red-rumped Swallows, a glorious sight.

Moving on a little we discovered Four Common Shelduck and a pair of very aggressive Ruddy Shelduck. An examination of the river also revealed Levant Water Frogs and Balkan Terrapins.

By 11.30 we had reached Achladeri where we searched for Krüper's Nuthatch. We soon found a male singing loudly from the top of a tree stump. It then started to excavate a nest hole. The bird had every appearance of being an unmated male. Nearby was a bank of glorious Violet Bird's Nest orchids. Woodchat Shrikes and an Orphean Warbler entertained us as five Red-footed Falcons passed overhead.

At the bridge over the River Vouvaris we noted yet more frogs and terrapins. As soon as we arrived at the Kalloni Salt Pans a fine Peregrine flew across, closely pursued by an Alpine Swift. The birds on the pans caused great excitement. Some three hundred Greater Flamingos vied for our attention with about a hundred Avocets. Other waders included Black-winged Stilt, Ruff, Little Stint, Wood, Common, Curlew and Marsh Sandpipers and Spotted Redshank. The drier areas were favoured by Ringed, Little Ringed and Kentish Plovers. The most exciting wader event of the afternoon, though, was watching the flock of thirty two Collared Pratincoles hunting over a flock of sheep, which no doubt were disturbing a feast of flying insects. Swooping White-winged Terns were also dip-feeding on aquatic insects in the nearby pools. Not to be outdone by the wetland species, Bee-eaters were also snatching their share of the abundant insect life. The crowning glory was the appearance of three hunting Short-toed Eagles.

On our return to the Kalloni II Hotel we found our luggage in our appointed rooms.

Saturday 1 May

Skala Kallonis, Vatousa Gorge, Petrified Forest, Sigri, Ipsilou Monestery.

Weather 4-6/8, Ci, Cumulus, sunny, S 2. Light rain 18.00

The day started well with the news that a Spur-winged Lapwing had been discovered on the West River. We were able to gain close views of this scarce bird.

The day was spent driving to Sigri. As we approached the Vatousa Gorge we noted a small flock of Crag Martins close to the road. This coincided with a lay-by so we were able to park. As we watched the martins a male Cinereous Bunting made a brief appearance followed by a male Cretzschmar's Bunting. We were then serenaded by Subalpine Warblers and a Blue Rock-thrush as a fine, snake-carrying Long-legged Buzzard soared overhead. We had to tear ourselves away.

As we approached the Petrified Forest birds abounded. First we were overflown by a Peregrine and a Short-toed Eagle, and then we noted an Isabelline Wheatear by the roadside.

Hunting birds were also a feature of the Petrified Forest; these included two Little Owls, a Peregrine, an Eleonora's Falcon, a ring-tailed Montagu's Harrier and another Long-legged Buzzard. A Raven also soared over the hillside. Excellent views of a singing male Cinereous Bunting really made our day.

It was also obvious that many migrant birds had made a landfall. Pied and Spotted Flycatchers, Whinchats, Common Whitethroat, Northern Wheatear and Turtle Doves all made an appearance.

We took lunch overlooking Sigri. Six Lesser Kestrels flew by as we ate.The old Turkish Fort at Sigri was full of flowers and a good lookout from which to see distant flocks of Yelkouan Shearwaters, Shags and passing Jackdaws.

By 15.00 we had reached the Monastery at Ipsilou. Here there were more migrant songbirds. Spotted and Pied Flycatchers were common and they were joined by a single Collared Flycatcher. Wood Warblers were also abundant but Lesser Whitethroats and Blackcaps were less so. Two Rock Nuthatches represented the resident bird population.

As we drove back to the hotel two male Golden Orioles flew alongside the coach.

Sunday 2 May

Skala Kalloni, Potamia Valley, Chapel of the Holy Cross, Parakila, Upper East River.

Weather 4/8 Cu. sunny, S2. Light rain mid-day. Thunder clouds forming late afternoon. A fine evening.

A walk by the West River enabled us to find three Stone Curlew, two busily displaying to each other. We also came across a Short-toed Lark and a flock of Glossy Ibis.

Before heading west to the Potamia Valley we visited a site to the north of Kalloni where we watched a wonderful European Scops Owl roosting in a eucalyptus tree. The bird was only a couple of metres from the ground so we took it in turns to watch it through the telescope so as not to disturb it.

The walk through the Potamia Valley was delightful, full of flowers, butterflies, birds, reptiles and amphibians. Woodchat Shrikes and Red-backed Shrikes were commonplace, but sadly our view of Masked Shrike was very brief. The sighting of a fine male Sombre Tit was a consolation prize. European Bee-eaters were hawking overhead as we watched an Icterine Warbler. White-legged Damselfly was the only dragonfly we were able to identify as all the others were so full of energy they were not seen at rest. Butterflies abounded, Eastern Festoon being especially abundant. As we rounded a corner in the road we had a view of the river above a weir, there, sunning themselves on the bank were fifty Balkan Terrapin. As soon as they saw us they quietly slipped into the river. The 'reptile of the week' though was a fine Greek Tortoise that crossed the bridge over the river. Perhaps our strangest find was a crab hiding in a roadside ditch. It sat near the surface of the water having partially covered itself with dead leaves.

In the afternoon we visited the Chapel of the Holy Cross near Parakila. The star attraction here was a pair of Rock Nuthatch at a nest. We also found twenty Turkish Geckos in the chapel and Large Wall Brown and Orbed Red-underwing Skipper on the path.

We ended the afternoon by walking a stretch of the East River. Two Temminck's Stints were notable as was a very bright Balkan Green Lizard.

Dinner was enjoyed at a local restaurant where we gained a glimpse of real Greece.

Monday 3 May

Skala Kalloni, Panorama View Point, Eftalou, Molivos Castle, Skala Kalloni Saltpans

Weather 0/8, sun, SE 2-3. 24 degrees C

The pre-breakfast walk enabled us to see a Great Reed Warbler and a White Stork on a nest.

On our way to Eftalou we stopped at the Panorama View Point just beyond Petra. As soon as we arrived we were delighted by a displaying, singing Rüppell's Warbler, one of the most elusive of the local warblers. Soon we had found a second singing male. A Rock Nuthatch and swooping Crag Martins also appeared.

The walk at Eftalou was splendid, the highlights being a male Red-footed Falcon, a singing Icterine Warbler in full sunlight, a male Cretzschmar's Bunting feeding four metres away from the group, and a perched Cuckoo.

Whilst eating our lunch at a local restaurant a Audouin's Gull flew by. We then drove to Molyvos Castle where we scanned for raptors. Failing to find any birds of note we walked down through the town, winding our way through the narrow alleyways.

Our final destination was the Skala Kalloni Salt pans where we walked the 'sheep fields'. We were rewarded with grand views of Red-throated Pipits, Short-toed Larks and a singing male Rufous Scrub-robin. We also spent a considerable time admiring the hunting skills of a flock of European Bee-eaters. It was a good way to end the day.

Tuesday 4 May

Skala Kalloni, Agiassos, Derbyshire, Aghios Paraskevi.

Weather 4/8 Cu. Sun, 0. By 14.00 8/8 Cu. Dull, 0

A male Garganey was the most notable bird pre-breakfast.

George drove us to an area above the town of Agiassos, past the sanatorium which he described as 'The Hospital Therapy Crazy'. As we arrived on the hillside we were immediately overflown by two Short-toed Eagles, then within a minute or two we were marvelling at the agility of a displaying Honey Buzzard. Thirty-five Alpine Swifts also passed over us. Two Middle Spotted Woodpeckers were seen briefly and Short-toed Treecreeper and Mistle Thrush taunted us with their songs but neither were seen. Robin and Turtle Dove were seen well and Serin was heard singing constantly but seldom seen. A Montpelier Snake was a surprise. The butterflies and plants were legion. Eight species of orchids, Wild Anemones, Pontic Fritillary, Star of Bethlehem and Orange Wild Tulip were found in a very small area and butterflies included both Green-underside and Amanda's Blue. A Hoopoe completed our list of species for the area.

On our way down from Agiassos we stopped for coffee. Here we found a Sparrow Hawk, a Grey wagtail and yet another crab.

We stopped briefly at 'Derbyshire' where we watched two Grey Plover and another male Rufous Scrub-robin.

On our way back to the hotel George told us that he had a surprise for us. He drove us to Aghois Paraskevi where he showed us the local bird rescue centre. The caged birds included Little, Scops and European Eagle Owl, Kestrel, Common Buzzard and Eleonora's Falcon. Nearby was a wild Little Owl.

Wednesday 5 May

Skala Kalloni, Petri, Petra, Panorama View Point, Mouth of the East River.

Weather Early : 5/8 Cu. Showers, W 2

09.00 : 8/8 Cu. Rain, SW 3-4

15.00 : 8/8 Cu. Fine, SW 3-4

As we walked out of the hotel we found a lovely Striped Hawkmoth resting on a wall.

The steady rain made watching difficult as we walked from the delightful village of Petri. The morning was spent snatching views of common birds and looking at plants.

We had a fine lunch in the Women's Co-operative Restaurant in Petra, after which some explored the town and others returned to the Panorama Viewpoint to search for wildlife.

We finished the afternoon at the mouth of the East River. Feeding terns gave us a great display as did very active European Bee-eaters. A female Marsh Harrier was also noted.

Thursday 6 May

Skala Kalloni

Weather Fine and calm.

Birds seen locally before we set off for the airport included a Black-crowned Night-heron, three Stone Curlew and three Short-toed Larks.

We arrived at Mytilini Airport in time to book in and then have an early lunch at the beach. The only bird of note that was seen during lunch was a Shag.

After a comfortable flight we said our 'Goodbyes' at Gatwick.

Species Lists:

The various species lists below use the following references:

Birds: We use the suggested worldwide English names and systematic order as found in World Bird Species Checklist: with alternate English & scientific names (Wells, M.G., 1998). Commonly used alternates are enclosed in [ ] or separated by / .

Collins Bird Guide (Svensson, L., Grant, P.J., Mullarney, K. & Zetterström, D., 1999)

Butterflies: Collins Field Guide: Butterflies of Britain & Europe (Tolman, T. & Lewington, R., 1997)

Mammals: We use the suggested worldwide English names and systematic order as found in Mammals of the World, A Checklist (Duff, A. & Lawson, A., 2004)

Collins Field Guide: Mammals of Britain & Europe (Macdonald, D. & Barrett, P., 1993)

Amphibians and Reptiles: Collins Field Guide: Reptiles & Amphibians of Britain & Europe [second edition] (Arnold, E.N. & Ovenden, D.W., 2002)

Plants: Mediterranean Wild Flowers (Blamey, M. & Grey-Wilson, C., 1993)


Little Grebe / Dabchick: Noted most days at Kalloni Pool, usually heard but rarely seen due to the emergent vegetation.

Great Crested Grebe: Noted on 2 days, 1 Kalloni Bay on 29th, 2 off Misintziki (Derbyshire) on 30th.

Yelkouan Shearwater: c.80 off Sigri on 1st, some were flying right into the bay.

European Shag: Several off Sigri on 1st & 1 near the airport on 6th.

Grey Heron: Noted most days.

Purple Heron: Noted each day, usually singles in Kalloni area, though other single birds seen elsewhere and 3 overall noted on 5th.

Great [White] Egret: Noted each day, usually singles on West River or Salt Pans, though 3 in Kalloni area on 1st.

Little Egret: Noted each day, maximum counted was 25+ on 4th & 6th.

Squacco Heron: Noted each day at Kalloni Pool & West River.

Black-crowned Night-Heron: 1 at Kalloni Pool at dawn on 6th.

Little Bittern: Noted each day, up to 3 at Kalloni Pool.

Greater Flamingo: Noted on 5 days with at least 300 at Kalloni Salt Pans; also several flying over Kalloni Pool on 1st.

Black Stork: Noted on 4 days, 1 en route on 29th, 3 on 30th, & singles on 1st & 4th.

White Stork: Noted on 3 days in Kalloni area, probably the nesting pair in the neighbouring village of Papiana.

Glossy Ibis: Noted each day, mainly at Kalloni Pool, max 24 on 1st.

Ruddy Shelduck: Noted on 3 days, a pair at Misintziki (Derbyshire) on 30th, 2 flying up Potamia valley on 2nd, a pair on the shore between Mizintziki & Achladeri on 4th.

Common Shelduck: At least 6 on 30th.

Northern Pintail: A male at Kalloni Salt Pans on 30th.

Garganey: Single birds noted on 3 days at Kalloni Pool, on 4th - 6th; including a male very close on the last date.

European Honey-Buzzard: Two, including a male in display flight, above Agiassos on 4th.

Short-toed Eagle: Noted on 3 days, 3 near Kalloni Salt Pans on 30th, 1 en route on 1st, 2 above Agiassos on 4th.

Montagu's Harrier: A ringtail flew over the Petrified Forest on 1st.

[Eurasian] Marsh Harrier: Noted on 2 days, 2 at Kalloni Salt Pans on 30th, 1 distantly from the East River mouth on 5th.

Eurasian Sparrowhawk: 1 above Agiassos on 4th.

Common Buzzard: Noted most days, with single birds seen en route on 29th & 30th, Potamia valley on 2nd, 2 en route on 3rd, 1 above Agiassos on 4th, 1 at Petri on 5th.

Long-legged Buzzard: Noted on 3 days, 4 during day on 1st, 2 Potamia valley on 2nd, 1 north of Kalloni on 5th.

Lesser Kestrel: c.10 near Sigri on 1st.

Common/Eurasian Kestrel: Noted on 4 days, usually 1 or 2, though c.8 on 1st.

Red-footed Falcon: Noted on 2 days with 4 near Achladeri and 1 at Kalloni Salt Pans on 30th, a male over Eftalou on 3rd.

Eleonora's Falcon: Single birds noted on 2 days, Petrified Forest on 1st, Potamia valley on 2nd.

Peregrine Falcon: Noted on 4 days, 1 possibly of this species West River on 29th, 1 Kalloni Salt Pans on 30th, 2 on 1st, 1 Panorama Viewpoint on 3rd.

Common Pheasant: A male near Agiassos on 4th.

Water Rail: Noted on 3 days at Kalloni Pool, heard on 30th & 5th, 1 seen on 4th.

Common Moorhen: Noted each day.

Eurasian/Common Coot: Noted most days.

Black-winged Stilt: Noted each day.

Pied Avocet: Noted on 3 days with at least 100 at Kalloni Salt Pans.

Stone-curlew: Noted on 5 days with up to 3 at Kalloni West River.

Collared Pratincole: A nice flock of 32 at Kalloni Salt Pans on 30th.

Spur-winged Lapwing: One at West River on 1st.

Grey Plover: Two at Derbyshire on 4th.

[Greater] Ringed Plover: Noted on 3 days, 4 Kalloni Salt Pans on 30th, 1 East River on 5th, 1 West River on 6th.

Little [Ringed] Plover: Noted on 4 days, 2 Kalloni Salt Pans on 30th, 1 West River & another East River on 2nd, 2 Kalloni Salt Pans on 3rd, 2 West River on 5th.

Kentish Plover: Noted each day, including brood of chicks at West River.

Eurasian Curlew: Noted on 2 days, 1 Kalloni Bay on 30th, heard bubbling West River on 6th.

Spotted Redshank: A party of 10 in breeding plumage at Kalloni Salt Pans on 30th.

Marsh Sandpiper: Two at Kalloni Salt Pans on 30th.

Common Greenshank: Noted on 2 days, 2 Derbyshire lagoon & 1 Kalloni Salt Pans on 30th, 5 Derbyshire lagoon on 4th.

Wood Sandpiper: Noted each day.

Common Sandpiper: Noted on 3 days, 3 on 30th, 2 on 2nd, 1 East River on 5th.

Little Stint: Noted most days on West River and Kalloni Salt Pans, with up to 50 at the latter site on 3rd.

Temminck's Stint: Noted on 2 days, 2 East River on 2nd, 3 West River on 4th.

Curlew Sandpiper: A party of 32 Kalloni Salt Pans on 30th.

Ruff: Noted each day at Kalloni Pool & Salt Pans, max 150+ on 30th.

Audouin's Gull: One oh-so-briefly as it flew past us whilst having lunch at Eftalou on 3rd.

Yellow-legged Gull: Noted each day.

Black-headed Gull: Two at Kalloni Salt Pans on 3rd.

Whiskered Tern: Noted most days at Kalloni Pool & West River.

White-winged [Black] Tern: Small numbers noted on 5 days at Kalloni Pool, West River & Salt Pans, max 20+ on 30th.

Gull-billed Tern: A party of 20 flew along Kalloni beach just after breakfast and a further 2 at Kalloni Salt Pans on 30th.

Common Tern: Noted each day.

Little Tern: Noted each day.

Rock Dove / Feral Pigeon: Noted on 5 days.

European Turtle Dove: Noted on 4 days, 1 Petrified Forest on 1st, 6 on 2nd, several seen & heard near Agiassos on 4th, heard Petri on 5th.

Eurasian Collared Dove: Noted each day.

Common Cuckoo: Noted on 5 days, heard on 30th, 1 en route on 1st, 1 Eftalou on 3rd, heard Agiassos on 4th, 1 seen well Petri on 5th.

Eurasian Scops Owl: One roosting in Eucalypt near Kalloni on 2nd.

Little Owl: Noted on 2 days, 2 Petrified Forest on 1st, 1 at Agh. Paraskevi on 4th.

Alpine Swift: Noted on 4 days, 20+ moving overhead on 30th, 2 overhead on 1st, c.35 Agiassos on 4th, 1 over Petra Bay on 5th.

Common Swift: Noted each day.

European Bee-eater: Noted most days, 30+ on 30th, 1 en route on 1st, 8 on 2nd, 14 Kalloni Salt Pans others heard on 3rd, 1 en route on 4th, several on 5th.

Eurasian Hoopoe: Noted on 5 days, 1 en route on 29th, heard distantly on 30th, heard on 1st, heard distantly on 3rd, 1 near Agiassos on 4th.

Middle Spotted Woodpecker: 2 near Agiassos on 4th.

[Greater] Short-toed Lark: Noted on 3 days, 3 Kalloni Salt Pans on 3rd, 1 West River on 5th, 3 West River on 6th.

Crested Lark: Noted each day.

Sand Martin / Bank Swallow: Noted most days.

[Eurasian] Crag Martin: Noted on 2 days, 6+ Vatousa Gorge on 1st, 3 Panorama Viewpoint on 3rd.

Barn Swallow: Noted each day.

Red-rumped Swallow: Noted on 5 days, 12+ on 30th, thence up to half dozen or so each day 1st - 4th.

[Common] House Martin: Noted each day.

Yellow Wagtail: Single birds of the nominate race breeding in the greater part of Continental Europe, Blue-headed Wagtail Motacilla flava flava were only noted on 30th & 6th. As expected, the locally breeding race, Black-headed Wagtail Motacilla [flava] feldegg (Balkans, Turkey & Caucasus) was noted regularly each day. A male, probably of the Romanian-breeding race, Motacilla flava 'dombrowskii', was seen on the West River on 1st & 2nd.

Grey Wagtail: At least a pair near Agiassos on 4th.

Red-throated Pipit: Noted most days with 1 West River on 30th, 10 West River on 1st, 5 West River on 2nd, c.12 Kalloni Salt Pans Sheep field on 3rd, at least 2 West River on 4th, 1 West River on 5th.

Red-backed Shrike: Several noted most days.

Lesser Grey Shrike: Noted on 2 days, 1 Kalloni Salt Pans on 30th, 1 West River on 1st.

Masked Shrike: One seen briefly at Potamia valley on 2nd.

Woodchat Shrike: Noted on 4 days, 2 pairs Achladeri on 30th, many en route on 1st, several good views on 2nd, a pair Eftalou on 3rd.

[Winter] Wren: Seen & heard near Agiassos on 4th.

Blue Rock Thrush: Four on 1st, at Vatousa Gorge, Ipsiliou Monastery.

Common Blackbird: Noted most days.

Mistle Thrush: Heard singing near Agiassos on 4th.

European Robin: At least two seen near Agiassos on 4th.

Common/Rufous Nightingale: Noted each day, usually heard singing, some excellent views.

Rufous Bushchat/Scrub-robin: Noted on 2 days, 1 near Kalloni Salt Pans on 3rd, and another excellent male at 'Derbyshire' on 4th.

Whinchat: Noted on 5 days, 1 Kalloni Pool on 29th, several on 30th, several on 1st, 2 on 2nd, 1 Kalloni Salt Pans on 3rd.

Common Stonechat: Noted on 3 days, 1 West River on 29th, several on 1st, 3 near the Chapel on 2nd.

Northern Wheatear: Two males on 1st.

Eastern Black-eared Wheatear: Noted most days.

Isabelline Wheatear: At least 3 on 1st.

Cetti's Warbler: Noted each day, usually heard singing though several excellent if brief views.

Sedge Warbler: Noted on 5 days in small numbers.

[Eurasian] Reed Warbler: Noted on 3 days, 1 on 30th, 3 Kalloni Pool on 2nd, 1 Kalloni Pool on 4th.

Great Reed Warbler: Two at Kalloni Pool on 3rd.

Eastern Olivaceous Warbler: Noted each day with several singing males near the hotel.

Icterine Warbler: Noted on 2 days, heard & seen briefly Potamia valley on 2nd, good views of a singing male near Eftalou on 3rd.

Willow Warbler: Singing on 30th.

Wood Warbler: Noted on 3 days, at least 25 Ipsilou Monastery on 1st, heard singing on 2nd, heard singing Eftalou on 3rd.

Blackcap: Noted on 2 days, 1 male Ipsilou Monastery on 1st, heard singing Potamia valley on 2nd.

Common Whitethroat: Noted on 2 days, 1 on 30th, 1 Petrified Forest on 1st.

Lesser Whitethroat: Noted on 2 days, 1 Ipsilou Monastery on 1st, 1 Petri on 5th.

Orphean Warbler: Noted on 2 days, a singing male eventually seen well near Achladeri on 30th, a male near Eftalou on 3rd.

Rüppell's Warbler: Excellent views of 2 males Panorama Viewpoint on 3rd.

Subalpine Warbler: Noted on 4 days, 2 males 1 female Vatousa Gorge on 1st, nice views of several males on 2nd, several near Agiassos on 4th, several on 5th.

Spotted Flycatcher: Noted on 4 days, 12+ on 1st, 1 Potamia valley on 2nd, c.5 Agiassos on 4th, c.4 on 5th.

[European] Pied Flycatcher: Noted on 2 days, 11+ on 1st, 1 en route on 2nd.

Collared Flycatcher: Excellent views of a male at Ipsilou Monastery on 1st.

Sombre Tit: Excellent views, Potamia valley on 2nd.

Great Tit: Noted most days.

Blue Tit: Noted most days.

Krüper's Nuthatch: Excellent views of a male excavating a nest hole, near Achladeri on 30th.

Western Rock Nuthatch: Noted on 3 days, 2 Ipsilou Monastery on 1st, a pair at nest near Chapel on 2nd, 1 Panorama Viewpoint on 3rd.

Short-toed Treecreeper: Heard near Agiassos on 4th.

Eurasian Jay: Noted most days.

Western/Eurasian Jackdaw: 50+ Sigri on 1st.

Hooded Crow: Noted each day.

Common Raven: One, Petrified Forest on 1st.

Common Starling: One, Kalloni Salt Pans on 30th.

[Eurasian] Golden Oriole: Noted on 2 days, 2 males en route on 1st, 2 males near Agiassos on 4th.

Corn Bunting: Noted each day.

Cinereous Bunting: A total of 4 on 1st, a male collecting food for young at Petrified Forest, & several at Ipsilou Monastery.

Cretzschmar's Bunting: Noted regularly on 4 days.

Cirl Bunting: Noted most days.

Black-headed Bunting: Noted most days.

Common/European Chaffinch: Noted most days.

European Serin: Noted on 2 days, heard singing on 30th, several seen near Agiassos on 4th.

European Greenfinch: Noted most days.

European Goldfinch: Noted most days.

Common Linnet: Noted on 2 days.

House Sparrow: Noted each day.

Spanish Sparrow: Noted each day.

BUTTERFLIES & other insects:

Swallowtail: Noted on 3rd.

Scarce Swallowtail: Noted on 2 days, 1st & 3rd.

Eastern Festoon: Noted on 4 days, 1st - 4th.

Large White: Noted on 5 days, 30th, 2nd - 5th.

Small White: Noted on 4 days, 2nd - 5th.

Eastern Bath White: Noted on 3rd.

Eastern Dappled White: Noted on 2 days, 1st & 2nd.

Eastern Wood White: Noted on 30th.

Orange-tip: Noted on 5 days, 30th - 4th.

Clouded Yellow: Noted on 3 days, 2nd - 4th.

Green Hairstreak: Noted on 30th.

Small Copper: Noted on 4 days, 30th - 3rd.

Holly Blue: Noted on 2nd.

Green-underside Blue: Noted on 4th.

Brown Argus: Noted on 2 days, 2nd & 4th.

Amanda's Blue: Noted on 4th.

Common Blue: Noted on 3 days, 30th, 1st, & 3rd.

Red Admiral: Noted on 2 days, 3rd - 4th.

Painted Lady: Noted on 4 days, 30th - 3rd.

Southern Comma: One at Mithimna on 3rd.

Lesser Spotted Fritillary: Noted on 3 days, 1st - 3rd.

Turkish Meadow Brown (Maniola telmessia): Noted on 2nd.

Small Heath: Noted on 5 days, 30th - 4th.

Wall Brown: Noted on 3 days, 2nd, 3rd, & 5th.

Large Wall Brown: Noted on 2 days, 1st - 2nd.

Orbed Red-underwing Skipper: Noted on 2 days, 2nd - 3rd.

Oriental Marbled Skipper: Noted near Eftalou on 3rd.

Striped Hawkmoth: One beside the front door of the hotel on 5th.

Hummingbird Hawkmoth: One at Molivos Castle on 3rd.

White-legged Damselfly: Noted on 2nd.


Levant Water Frog: This is the 'Marsh Frog' we were seeing and hearing regularly.

Spur-thighed/Greek Tortoise: Noted on 2 days, 1 en route on 1st, 1 Potamia valley on 2nd.

Balkan Terrapin: Noted on 2 days, at Vouvari River on 30th, Potamia valley on 2nd.

Starred Agama: Noted on 5 days.

Turkish Gecko: c.20 in the Chapel on 2nd.

Balkan Green Lizard: Noted on 3 days, East River on 2nd, Kalloni Pool on 3rd, Agiassos on 4th.

Balkan Wall Lizard: Noted.

Montpellier Snake: Noted on 2 days, one dead on road near Eftalou on 3rd, one very much alive near Agiassos on 4th.

Large Whip Snake: A small one, dead on road, at Mithimna on 3rd.


Persian Squirrel: Noted on 3 days.


Land Crab: Noted on 2 days, 1 Potamia valley on 2nd, 1 Agiassos on 4th.

PLANTS: [Nos. on right refer to Grey-Wilson & Blamey, Mediterranean Wild Flowers]

Moraceae Mulberries

Ficus carica Fig 42

Urticaceae Nettles

Urtica atrovirens Stinging Nettle 46

Parietaria cretica Cretan Pellitory 52

Caryophyllaceae Pinks

Silene dichotoma Forked Catchfly 172

Silene gallica var. quinquevulnera Small-flowered Catchfly 176a

Silene colorata Seaside Catchfly 180

Ranunculaceae Buttercups

Anemone coronaria Crown Anemone 211

Paeoniaceae Peonies

Paeonia broteroi (seemed to be this, but way out of range!!) 276

Papaveraceae Poppies

Papaver rhoeas Common Poppy 283

Papaver nigrotinctum 289

Papaver apulum 291

Glaucium flavum Yellow Horned-poppy 293

Hypecoum procumbens 296

Cruciferae Cresses

Matthiola tricuspidata Three-horned Stock 329

Resedaceae Mignonettes

Reseda alba White Mignonette 375

Reseda lutea Wild Mignonette 376

Crassulaceae Stonecrops

Umbilicus rupestris Navelwort 396

Rosaceae Roses

Sarcopoterium spinosum Thorny Burnet 411

Crataegus monogyna Hawthorn 420

Leguminosae Peas

Spartium junceum Spanish Broom 481

Lupinus sp.

Vicia dasycarpa Fodder Vetch 510a

Vicia hybrida Large Yellow Vetch 529

Lathyrus sphaericus 541

Lathyrus cicera Red Vetchling 545

Pisum sativum Wild Pea 555

Trigonella balansae 582

Medicago marina Sea Medick 605

Trifolium uniflorum One-flowered Clover (white form) 651

Trifolium campestre Hop Trefoil 656

Trifolium pilulare Ball Cotton Clover 659

Trifolium clypeatum Shield Clover 674

Geraniaceae Geraniums

Geranium purpureum Little Robin 748

Geranium lucidum Shiny Cranesbill 749

Linaceae Flaxes

Linum bienne Pale Flax 777

Euphorbiaceae Spurges

Euphorbia helioscopia Sun Spurge 799

Euphorbia myrsinites Broad-leaved Glaucous Spurge 801

Euphorbia characias Large Mediterranean Spurge 818

Meliaceae Persian Lilacs

Melia azedarach Indian Bead Tree / Persian Lilac 843

Malvaceae Mallows

Malva sylvestris Common Mallow 898

Cistaceae Rockroses

Cistus creticus Cretan Cistus 962

Cistus salvifolius Sage-leaved Cistus 965

Tamaricaceae Tamarisks

Tamarix sp. Tamarisk

Cucurbitaceae Cucumbers

Ecballium elaterium Squirting Cucumber 1032

Umbelliferae Carrots

Smyrnium perfoliatum Perfoliate Alexanders 1088

Ferula communis Giant Fennel 1141

Tordylium apulum Tordylium 1149

Primulaceae Primroses

Lysimachia atropurpurea 'Purple Loosestrife' 1191

Anagallus arvensis Scarlet Pimpernel (red, blue & pink forms) 1198

Cyclamen graecum Greek Cyclamen 1205

Plumbaginaceae Thrifts

Limonium sinuatum Winged Sea Lavender 1220

Convolvulaceae Bindweeds

Convolvulus althaeoides tenuissimus Mallow-leaved Bindweed 1331a

Boraginaceae Borage

Echium italicum Pale Bugloss 1380

Echium angustifolium Narrow-leaved/Red Bugloss 1382

Echium parviflrum Small-flowered Bugloss 1388

Anchusa undulata hybrida Undulate Anchusa 1406a

Labiatae Mints

Lamium garganicum Large Red Deadnettle 1475

Lamium moschatum 1477

Lamium amlexicaule Henbit Deadnettle 1478

Lavandula stoechas French Lavender 1528

Scrophulariaceae Figworts

Verbascum sinuatum Greek Mullein 1601

Verbascum undulatum Wavy-leaved Mullein 1602

Linaria pelisseriana Jersey Toadflax 1621

Veronica cymbalaria Cymbalaria-leaved Speedwell 1646

Parentucellia latifolia 1652

Plantaginaceae Plantains

Plantago coronopus Buck's-horn Plantain 1696

Plantago lagopus 1702

Valerianaceae Valerians

Valerianella echinata 1719

Campanulaceae Bellflowers

Campanula rupestris (possibly this species?) 1765

Campanula lyrata Rock Campanula 1769

Campanula hagielia 1770

Legousia speculum-veneris Large Venus' Looking Glass 1778

Legousia pentagonica 1780

Compositae Daisies

Evax pygmaea Pygmy Evax 1805

Helichrysum conglobatum (=siculum) 1825

Pallenis spinosa 1847

Anthemis tomentosa Woolly Chamomile 1861

Anthemis rigida Rayless Chamomile 1870

Chrysanthemum segatum Corn Marigold 1894

Chrysanthemum coronarium Crown Daisy 1895

Galactites tomentosa Galactites 1971

Silybum marianum Milk Thistle 1982

Centaurea cyanus Cornflower 2008

Tragopogon porrifolius Salsify 2055

Crepis rubra Pink Hawksbeard 2070

Liliaceae Lilies

Asphodelus albus White Asphodel 2091

Tulipa orphanidea Orange Wild Tulip 2141

Fritillaria pontica Pontic Fritillary 2154

Ornithogallum narbonense Star-of-Bethlehem 2166

Ornithogallum nutans Large Star-of-Bethlehem 2173

Bellevalia dubia 2196

Muscari comosum Tassel Hyacinth 2201

Muscari neglectum Common Grape Hyacinth 2206

Allium subhirsutum 2227

Iridaceae Irises

Gynandriris sisyrinchium Barbary Nut 2305

Gladiolus italicus Field Gladiolus 2307

Araceae Arums

Dracunculus vulgaris Common Dragon Arum 2358

Arum conophalloides Eastern Arum 2364

Orchidaceae Orchids

Cephalanthera longifolia Narrow-leaved Helleborine 2383

Limodorum abortivum Violet Bird's Nest Orchid 2386

Orchis morio picta Green-winged Orchid 2403a

Orchis sancta Holy Orchid 2406

Orchis tridentata Toothed Orchid 2407

Orchis lactea Milky Orchid 2408

Orchis provincialis Provence Orchid 2417

Orchis quadripunctata Four-spotted Orchid 2419

Orchis laxiflora Lax-flowered Orchid 2420

Ophrys (lutea) sicula Yellow Bee-orchid 2423x

Ophrys scolopax Woodcock Orchid 2436

Serapias parviflora Small-flowered Tongue Orchid 2452

Gramineae Grasses

Arundo donax Giant Reed 2494

© The Travelling Naturalist 2004