TRAVELLING NATURALIST TRIP REPORT
20 - 27 April 2004
Both groups arrived on time and after lunch in the cafeteria we set off at 2.30 for the west. Our road took us past Spanish Broom, False Acacia and Crown Daisy in full flower and through the mountains, down past Rethymnon to the Petres river where we had a stop and found Little Egret, Squacco Heron, Yellow Wagtail and White Wagtail and Whinchat and plenty of new flowers. We set off into a darkening sky and hit a shower but we had driven out of it by the time we reached Gerani and the Silver Beach Hotel. We had an excellent buffet meal of Salads, and Swordfish and Mousse and held an introductory meeting while we had coffee and a quick review of plans for the week and a checklist.
Weds 21st April Sunny with some cloud. Light shower
We walked to the beach fields and found Woodchat Shrike, a flock of Common Sandpipers and Tree Pipits moving through along with some Swallows. After breakfast we set off to Tavronitis river mouth where we found more Common Sandpipers, Curlew Sandpipers and our first Wood Sandpiper. A Marsh Harrier cruised over and out at sea there were distant Cory's Shearwaters and closer Shags. We stopped for a break at Kolimbari where a Spotted Goat was much photographed, some coffees came very slowly and we learnt about the pace of life in Crete. At the harbour we had a botanical walk to the small chapel and found butterflies, Cretan Festoon, Scarce Swallowtail and Red Admiral as well as a Gladiolus, and a variety of new flowers. Our picnic lunch was taken under the tamarisks overlooking the harbour and then Jim found Cretan Bee Orchid and Small-flowered Tongue Orchid. Past the monastery we flushed Common Sandpipers and Yellow Wagtails from the road and set off in Afrata to walk towards the Gorge. We soon found Golden Oriole, Woodchat Shrike, Spotted, Pied and Collared Flycatchers and Lathyrus grandiflora, Ornithogalum narbonese, Iris gynandriris and monofila and plenty of Dragon Arums coming out under the olive groves. At the chapel there were the Cretan endemics Petromarula and Verbascum arcturus as well as a Pink Phlomis amongst the commoner yellow Jerusalem Sage which covers the hillsides, a light shower began as we returned to the bus and we stopped at the supermarket for coffee, tea and milk, now that we had kitchens to make hot drinks. We had another excellent buffet dinner and got the checklist started over coffee.
Thurs 22nd April 2004 Rain early, Overcast.
No morning walk, but the rain stopped before breakfast. Our first stop at Petres was brief and we moved on to Armeni late Minoan Cemetery, where we were delayed by a cold shower but then we found O. scolopax, Orchis italica and O. ombilifera and O.lutea where the woodland had not been strimmed. We also saw Golden Oriole and Collared Flycatcher in the Valonia Oaks. After a coffee and a warm over the log fire at the Pyrgos Café, then we ready for the hills of Spili. Plenty of Red Tulips in the fields but not fully open as there was no sun. On the orchid banks we found 5 more different kinds, some Mediterranean Milkwort and the Cretan Iris. We came down to the Kourtaliotiko Gorge and had lunch looking back up, near the steps to the chapel. We were rewarded for this rather drafty spot by good views of Raven, Buzzard and Griffon Vultures with a Raven driving a Griffon Vulture away when it arrived with nesting material. We paused in the Kotsiphos Gorge and found Cretan Arum and some Cretan Vipers Grass as well as Ricotia cretica and Tree Flax. Our last stop was in Pines, where we found Monkey Orchid and Tongue Orchid, as well as Rose Garlic and Yellow Bartsia. There was sunshine on the way home and the evening was settling. We had time for walks on the beach and after another excellent buffet dinner we held the checklist and made plans for tomorrow.
Fri 23rd April 2004 St George's Day Sunny
We awoke to a clear morning and went out along the beach and found Stone Curlew before breakfast accompanied by the local sandy dog. After breakfast we went to Chania and had a guided walk around the old town before having some time to visit the Museum or catch up on the postcards or gifts for home. We drove up above Chania to the Venizelou Graves Park, where we immediately began birdwatching with Wood Warblers and Wrynecks being found while we had our picnic. There were Pied Flycatchers and a Hoopoe as well as Gold and Greenfinches. We continued on to Akrotiri and walked the drive to Ag. Triada Monastery and the olive groves were full of Pied and Collared Flycatchers. We found Verbascum arcturus growing on the walls of the monastery garden as well as some interesting grafted fruit trees. Further along at the other monastery we found Black-eared Wheatear and Blue Rock Thrush as well as interesting flowers. We returned home pleased with our day and pleased the weather had settled.
Sat 24th April 2004 Sunny and high stratus
We found many of the usual birds another early morning walk, as well as a fisherman with a floating light system and our dog came too. After breakfast we set off for Agia Reservoir and attempted to view from the church end but our path was blocked, but we did see Marsh Harrier, and Little Grebe among the Coots and Moorhens and we found O. laxiflora and Serapias lingua. We went up through the hills passing different layers of vegetation until we arrived at the plateau, where we had coffee and yoghurt and honey to fortify us for our search for flowers and birds. We soon saw Woodlark, and found a field of Tulips, pink and yellow this time. Further along we found Red -throated and Tree Pipits and Crown Anemones and had lunch at the viewpoint where we heard Wren, and saw Wheatears and Red-billed Chough. We found Peonia clusii at the cafe but it appeared to be planted in the garden, so we felt unclear about its status but it was a beautiful specimen. We stopped briefly at the swallowhole where 10 Hooded Crows were bathing, an omen we felt and drove along the new road to the Ag. Irini cross roads, where the bus emptied rapidly as 6 Griffon Vultures cruised by on a thermal and a Booted Eagle came over. At Agia Reservoir there was plenty to see and the hour stretched to one and a half and ice creams were found at the new Cafe bar. We dragged ourselves away to the Silver Beach for dinner and the checklist and some studying of the Moon and Venus, which were showing well and both in crescent form. The Tree frogs were calling loudly as we went to bed.
Sunday 24th April 2004 Overcast
We had a walk along the beach before breakfast and found a female Red-footed Falcon on the wires. After breakfast we went to Agia Reservoir again and immediately found Little Crakes and another pair of Red-footed Falcons arrived. Purple Herons flew over and we had good views of Great Reed Warbler, as well as Little Bittern and Sedge Warbler. We went on to Therisso and drove up the gorge. At the village we walked further up the road and found flowers and birds. We had lunch by the church and then walked down the road through the village where we had good views of Wren, Stonechat and Pied Flycatcher and further down the gorge we saw Booted Eagle and Ravens and Cretan Cyclamen and branched Star of Bethlehem as well as many goats, including some up trees. The bus came at 3.00 and we returned to the hotel for a restful afternoon with reading, walks on the beach and a dip in the pool on offer. After dinner we held the checklist and retired to pack.
Mon 26th April 2004 Rain showers early. Clearing later.
We got up early but the walk was cancelled as rain showers were passing through. We left soon after 9.00 with presents of wine and stopped at Souda Bay Cemetery where we found Yellow Wagtail, Common Sandpiper perched on the graves and Goldfinch but it was quiet in the Bay. The field by the shore had a variety of flowers including a late Crown anemone, Lupins, Tongue orchids and a Cretan Bee orchid. We stopped next at Georgioupolis Lake and found Little Bittern, Little Crake and Little Egret as well as many Moorhens and Coots. We had coffee and some last minute shopping in Georgioupolis Town and then we had lunch at Petres River, where 6 Griffon Vultures were rising on a thermal. Buzzards and Kestrels flew over and there were plenty of Stripe-necked Terrapins. At Knossos we divided into walkers and historians and some explored the site with a guide, while others looked for birds and flowers and viewed the palace from a distance. We then drove down to Analipsi and settled into a new routine at the hotel. We had a fine spread for dinner with inclusive wine and held a checklist with the promise of more tomorrow at the Gouves lagoons and the Aposelemis River. We retired to bed when the young activity leaders arrived to start the season with games.
Tues 27th April 2004 Overcast, Rain later
The 7 o' clock walkers were greeted by low cloud and mist but the air was warm. We found Grey Herons on the Aposelemis and Little Ringed Plover, Little Stint and Marsh Sandpiper on the salt marshes before returning for another buffet breakfast. Afterwards we set off again and found Pied Flycatcher as well as Wood Sandpiper, many Swallows heading west and a flock of Yellow Wagtails flew through but it was very windy and we found Greenshank, Cuckoo and Stone Curlew, as we returned to say goodbye to the Gatwick flight, while the Manchester flight had time for morning coffee before setting off home. We promised to take the poor weather away with us and left four happy souls to explore the rest of the island with more settled weather. We said farewell to the Irish party who had a second flight on in the evening and emerged to find Manchester ablaze with Spring flowers, but it was raining!
A very good tour with excellent birds and flowers and good company and good hotels. Pity the weather was a bit mixed.
Little Grebe 8+ at Agia Reservoir 24th and 25th April.
Cory's Shearwater Seen offshore at Silver Beach Hotel, Gerani 21.4.
Med. (Yelkouan) Shearwater Seen near fishing boats off Gerani 21.4. and 22.4.
European Shag 1- 2 off Gerani 21.4 -26.4.
Squacco Heron 1 seen at Petres river, and at 4+ at Agia Reservoir.
Little Bittern 4 at Agia on 24.4. 2 there 25.4. and 2 at Georgioupolis Lake 26.4.
Little Egret Singles recorded almost daily.
Grey Heron Singles at Agia Reservoir and 2 at Aposelemis river 26.4. and 27.4.
Purple Heron 2 at Agia Reservoir 25.4.
Mallard Several on Agia Reservoir.
Garganey One male and two females at Agia Reservoir 24.4. and 25.4.
Griffon Vulture Single on 20th behind Petres Gorge. 3+ in Kourtaliotiko Gorge. 6 over Ag. Irini crossroads, and 6 over Petres Gorge 26.4.
Marsh Harrier Singles over Gerani 21.4. and Tavronitis river and 2+ at 24.4 at Agia and several there 25.4.
Buzzard Resident, Common recorded daily
Booted Eagle Singles over Omalos 24.4. and over Therisso Gorge 25.4. and a possible one perched at Agia Reservoir 25.4.
Kestrel Resident recorded daily.
Red-footed Falcon Single at Gerani 25.4. and 2 more at Agia Reservoir on the same day, all females.
Peregrine One on 22nd over Kedros fields and one over Therisso Gorge 25.4.
Chukar 2 seen on 21.4 and 24.4.
Little Crake One male and female seen at Agia Reservoir 25.4 and 1 seen and up to 8 reported 26.4.
Moorhen Seen at river mouths and pools in small numbers 100+ at Agia Reservoir 24.4.
Coot Several seen at Georgioupolis and Agia Reservoir during in the week.
Black-winged Stilt Seen from Tavronitis river 21.7.
Stone Curlew Two at Gerani on morning beach walk 23.4. and one at Gouves lagoons 27.4.
Little Ringed Plover 3-4 recorded daily on the morning beach walk and at river mouths.
Wood Sandpiper Seen on Tavronitis River mouth and at Agia Reservoir.
Common Sandpiper Common at Silver Beach. Gerani, and a flock of 9 there on 21.3. Also seen at Tavronitis river mouth, Agia reservoir, Georgioupolis Lake, Petres River and Gouves lagoon
Little Stint 4+ at Agia Reservoir and singles seen at Gouves lagoons.
Curlew Sandpiper 6 at Tavronitis river mouth 21.4.
Ruff Single at Agia Reservoir 24.4.
Marsh Sandpiper One at Gouves long pool 27th April
Greenshank 1+ at Gouves lagoon on 27th April.
Yellow-legged Herring Gull Common in small numbers daily, along coast and and others washing at Agia Reservoir, including one drowning a moorhen.
Rock Dove (Feral Pigeon) Recorded daily in the lowlands. True rock dove types seen on Omalos Plateau and at Kourtaliotiko Gorge.
Collared Dove Common in small numbers daily.
Turtle Dove Heard at 22.4. at Armeni and on 25.4. at Therisso Gorge.
Cuckoo Heard 24.4.on Omalos plateau and in Therisso on 25.4. One seen at Gouves lagoons 27.4.
Scops Owl Heard in the middle of the night Silver Beach Hotel 24.4. and 25.4.
Swift Recorded daily but only small numbers.
Alpine Swift Singles over 23.4. and 24.4.
Hoopoe One seen well at Venizelou Graves Park 23.4.
Wryneck 3+ seen well at lunch at the Venizelou Graves Park 23.4.
Crested Lark Small numbers seen daily from 22.4.
Woodlark Seen and heard on Omalos plateau 24.4
Sand Martin Small numbers seen from 21.4. over Tavronitis river and Agia reservoir 24.5. and 25.4.
Crag Martin Recorded at Kourtaliotiko Gorge, Omalos and Therisso Gorge.
Swallow Common small numbers recorded daily.
House Martin Small numbers recorded 21.4.- 23.4.
Tawny Pipit One on Omalos Plateau 24.4.
Tree Pipit Seen on passage 21.3. at Silver Beach morning walk and on Akrotiri 23.4.
Meadow Pipit 2 still wintering 22.4. at Armeni.
Red-throated Pipit One on Omalos plateau 24.4.
Yellow Wagtail Small numbers 1-3 from 20.4. seen daily mainly Black-headed feldegg.
White Wagtail Singles at 20.4 Petres River and 22.4.
Wren Heard and seen on Omalos and at Therisso Gorge.
Nightingale Heard at Agia reservoir 24.3
Whinchat Common on passage daily.
Stonechat Resident breeding locally.
Wheatear Common from 22.4 25.4.
Black-eared Wheatear Seen on 23.4. on Akrotiri, Moni Gouvenato, and 24.4.on Omalos 35.4.
Blue Rock Thrush Singles and pairs glimpsed at some distance from 23.4. on Akrotiri.
Blackbird Resident and common. recorded daily.
Cetti's Warbler Heard daily and seen in the Giant Reed Arundo donax near our Hotel.
Sedge Warbler Heard on 21.4. at Tavronitis river mouth and seen at Agia on 24.4. and 25.4.
Reed Warbler One at Agia Reservoir 24.4.
Great Reed Warbler One at Agia reservoir 25.4.
Sardinian Warbler Common recorded daily in a variety of habitats.
Blackcap Seen and heard at Therisso 25.4.
Wood Warbler Seen daily from 21.4.- 24.4. Singles at Venizelou Graves Park seen well, as we arrived for lunch.
Chiffchaff Heard at Agia 24.4.
Spotted Flycatcher Seen at Afrata 21.4. and 23.4 25.4. at Venizelou Graves, and Akrotiri.
Collared Flycatcher Seen at Afrata 21.4. Armeni 22.4 and Ag. Triada Monastery, Akrotiri 23.4.
Semi-collared Flycatcher Possible ones at Afrata 21.4. and Armeni.
Pied Flycatcher Seen at Afrata 21.4. and Venizelou Graves and Akrotiri on 23.4. & Agia 24.4. and Therisso 25.4.
Blue Tit Common in uplands.
Great Tit Common recorded daily.
Woodchat Shrike Recorded almost daily, with 1- 2 seen.
Jay One in uplands 24.4. near Omalos.
Chough 10+ at Xyloskalo on Omalos Plateau.
Hooded Crow Common resident recorded daily.
Raven Recorded in good numbers almost daily with 1-3.
Italian Sparrow Common; breeding everywhere. (No records of House Sparrow!)
Spanish Sparrow Small flock at Silver Beach on 21.4. and 26.4. on early morning walk.
Chaffinch Common breeding resident
Serin 2+ at Venizelou Graves park 23.4. and on Akrotiri and 3 on 25.4. at Therisso.
Greenfinch Common recorded daily.
Goldfinch Common recorded in small flocks daily.
Cirl Bunting Single on Omalos on 24.4.
Corn Bunting Heard and seen 22.4 above Spili.
Greater White-toothed Shrew Seen near Silver Beach Hotel, Gerani 21.4.
Beech Marten Several seen dead on the roads.
Badger A young badger dead at the side of the road above Therisso
Cretan Spiny or Mouse sp. One mouse seen near Silver Beach Hotel. Not positively identified.
Common Tree Frog Heard from 22.4. at Silver Beach Hotel, and at Agia Reservoir.
Marsh Frog Heard at Silver Beach Hotel every evening and seen at Petres River and Agia Reservoir.
Cretan Frog Heard at Silver Beach Hotel.
Balkan Green Lizard Large green adults and small brown striped juveniles seen almost daily.
Stripe-necked Terrapin 20+ seen on the banks and swimming at Petres River Pools.
Scarce Swallowtail Seen Kolimbari 21.4. and 23.4.
Cretan (Eastern) Festoon Seen Kolimbari 21.4.and 24.4
Large White Seen from 23.4.-26.4.
Small White Only on 26.4.
Clouded Yellow Seen Kolimbari 21.4 and 23.4
Brimstone Only recorded Venizelou Graves 23.4.
Common Blue Seen Kolimbari 21.4. and 23.4. and 26.4.
Red Admiral Seen Kolimbari 21.4. and 23.4.
Painted Lady Recorded Kolimbari 21.4 and 23.4. 10 + on passage setting out to sea off Silver Beach Gerani, going north on 25.4. and 26.4.
Southern Speckled Wood Pararge a. aegeria Seen Afrata 21.4. and 23.4.
Large Tortoiseshell Nymphalis polychlorus One record only on 24.4. on Omalos plateau.
Egyptian Grasshopper Anacridium aegyptium Common recorded everyday
Violet Carpenter Bee Xylocopa violacea Common recorded everyday
Pine Processionary Moth Thaumetopoea pityocampa Caterpillars in nests in Pines near Afrata, 23.4. and 24.4. and near Knossos 26.4.
Cretan Solder Beetle Lygaeus saxatilis Recorded on 25.4 and 26.4
Green Tiger Beetle Cicindela campestris Seen 21.4 and 22.4.
Pollen Beetle Oxythyrea funestra Seen on 21.4. 22.4. and 24.4.
7 Spot Ladybird Coccinella 7-punctata Seen on 25.4.
10 Spot Ladybird Adalia 10-punctata 21.4.
2 Spot Ladybird Adalia bipunctata Seen 25.4
Dor Beetle Geotrupes stercorarius Seen 22.4.
Honeybee Apis mellifera Common
Pharoah's Ant Monomorium pharaonis Very small ant, pest in heated buildings.
Green Parent Bug Elasmucha grisea Seen 25.4.
Italian Striped Shield Bug Graphisoma italica Seen at ?? 21.4.
Cretan Door Snail Albinaria inflata Kourtaliotiko and Kotsiphos Gorges.
Pond Skater Gerris lacustris Petres Pools 26.4.
Bumble Bee sp. 26.4.
Dragonfly sp. 24.4
Hawker sp. 26.4.
PLANT LIST : CRETE 2004
Numbers refer to Grey Wilson & Blamey "Mediterranean Wild Flowers"
Araucaria acraucane Norfolk Island Pine
Pinus brutia 2
Pinus pinea Stone Pine 3
Cupressus sempervirens Italian Cypress 11
Quercus coccifera Kermes Oak 24
Quercus aegilops Valonia Oak 28
Morus alba White Mulberry 41
Ficus carica Fig 42
Urtica pilulifera Roman Nettle 48
Parietaria judaica Pellitory of the Wall 50
Rumex bucephalophorus 78
Salicornia Glasswort 85
Bougainvillea glabra Bougainvillea 110
Caprobrotus edulis Hottentot Fig 115
Silene vulgaris Bladder Campion 157
Silene gallica Small-flowered Catchfly 176
Silene sedoides 163
Silene cretica Cretan Catchfly 167
Silene colorata 180
Kohlrauschia velutina Proliferous Pink 187
Anemone coronaria Crown Anemone 211
Anemone heldreichii 215
Ranunculus gracilis 247
Ranunculus ficaria Lesser Celandine 252a
Ranunculus asiaticus Turban Buttercup 257
Paeonia clusii Clusius's Peony 271
Papaver rhoeas Common Poppy 283
Glaucium flavum Yellow-horned Poppy 293
Fumaria capreolata Ramping Fumitory 303
Fumaria officinalis Common Fumitory 306
Ricotia cretica Ricotia 319
Arabis verna Spring Rockcress 322
Aubretia deltoidea Aubretia 324
Capsella bursapastoralis Shepherd's Purse
Matthiola sinuata Sea Stock 326
Matthiola tricuspidata Three-horned Stock 329
Biscutella didyma Biscutella 341
Sinapis arvensis Charlock 359
Sinapis alba White Mustard 360
Eruca vesicaria Eruca 361
Raphanus raphanistrum Wild Radish 369
Reseda lutea White Mignonette 376
Sedum acre Biting Stonecrop 385
Umbilicus rupestris Navelwort 397
Platanus orientalis Plane 400
Sarcopoterium spinosum Thorny Burnet 411
Crataegus monogyna Hawthorn 420
Prunus dulcis Almond 421
Rubus sanctus Bramble 428
Eriobotrys japonica Loquat 429
Cercis siliquastrum Judas Tree 430
Ceratonia siliqua Carob, Locust Tree 431
Mimosa sp. Mimosa sp. 432
Calycotome villosa Hairy Thorny Broom 453
Spartium junceum Spanish Broom 481
Lupinus micranthus Hairy Lupin 484
Robinia pseudacacia False Acacia 488
Psoralea bituminosa Pitch Trefoil 508
Vicia sepium Bush Vetch 524
Vicia sativa Common Vetch 531
Lathyrus cicera Red Vetchling 545
Medicago marina Sea Medick 605
Lotus cytisoides Grey Bird's-foot Trefoil 633
Trifolium uniflorum One-flowered Clover 651
Trifolium campestre Hop Trefoil 656
Trifolium tomentosum Woolly Trefoil 658
Trifolium stel1atum Star Clover 662
Tetragonolobus purpureus Asparagus (Winged) Pea 682
Anthyllus vulneraria Mediterranean Kidney Vetch 690
Coronilla valentina 695
Ebenus creticus Cretan Ebony 722
Oxalis pes-caprae Bermuda Buttercup 735
Geranium molle Dovesfoot Cranesbill 741
Geranium robertianum Herb Robert 747
Geranium lucidum Shining Cranesbill 749
Erodium chium 751
Erodium cicutarium Common Storksbill 761
Linum arboreum Tree Flax 769
Linum bienne Pale Flax 777
Euphorbia dendroides Tree Euphorbia 792
Euphorbia acanthothamnos Greek Spiny Spurge 794
Euphorbia helioscopia Sun Spurge 799
Euphorbia characias Mediterranean Spurge 818
Mercurialis annua Annual Mercury 820
Rinus communis Castor Oil Plant 824
Citrus limon Lemon Tree 832
C. sinensis Orange 836
C. paradisi Grapefruit 839
Melia azederach Indian Bead Tree 843
Polygala venulosa Eastern Milkwort 852
Acer sempervirens A Maple 857
Pistachia terebinthus Turpentine Tree 861
Pistachia lentistus Lentisc (Mastic Tree) 865
Vitis vinifera Grape Vine 889
Malva sylvestris Common Mallow 898
Daphne sericea 938
Cistus creticus Cretan Cistus 962
Cistus salvifolius Sage-Ieaved Cistus 965
Tamarix sp. Tamarisk sp.
Oenanthe pimpelinoides Corky-fruited Water Dropwort 1106
Frankenia laevis Sea Heath 1027
Ecballium elaterium Squirting Cucumber 1032
Bryonia cretica Cretan Bryony 1033
Smyrnium olusatrum Alexanders 1087
Smyrnium perfoliatum Perfoliate Alexanders 1088
Scandix pecten-veneris Shepherds Needle 1097
Ferula communis Giant Fennel 1141
Tordylium apulum Tordylium 1149
Arbutus unedo Strawberry Tree 1176
Erica arborea Tree Heather 1178
Anagallis arveniis var .caerulea Blue Pimpernel 1198
Cyclamen creticum Cretan cyclamen 1208
Limonium sinuatum Winged Sea Lavender 1220
Styrax officinalis Storax 1238
Olea europea Olive 1248
Centaurium maritimum Yellow Centaury 1255
Nerium oleander Oleander 1256
Sharardia arvensis Field Madder
Convolvulus althaeoides Mallow-leaved Bindweed 1331
Echium italicum Italian Echium 1380
Echium angustifolium Red Echium 1382
Echium plantagineum Purple Viper's Bugloss 1383
Cynoglossum creticum Blue Houndstongue 1402
Anchusa azurea Large Blue Alkanet 1409
Anchusa variegata Anchusa 1415
Prasium majus Prasium 1444
Ballota acetabulosa Garden Horehound 1469
Phlomis fruticosa Jerusalem Sage 1455
Lamium amplesicaule Henbit Deadnettle 1478
Stachys cretica 1483
Rosmarinus officinalis Rosemary 1526
Lavandula stoechas French Lavender 1528
Salvia triloba (fruticosa) Three-leaved Sage 1537
Hyoscamus niger Henbane 1556
Mandragora officinarum Mandrake 1574
Scrophularia peregrina Nettle-leaved Figwort 1586
Scrophularia lucida Shining Figwort 1587
Verbascum undulatum 1602
Verbascum arcturus Cretan Mullein 1606
Cymbalaria muralis Ivy-leaved Toadflax 1632
Veronica hederifolia Ivy-leaved Speedwell 1645
Veronica cymbalaria Pale Speedwell 1646
Parentucellia viscosa Yellow Bartsia 1651
Bellardia trixago Bastard Balm 1653
Orobanche ramosa Branched Broomrape 1655
Plantago coronopus Buck's-horn Plantain 1696
Plantago lanceolata Ribwort Plantain 1701
Knautia integrifolia Field Scabious 1736
Petromarula pinnata Cretan Wall-lettuce 1786
Helichrysum siculum 1825
Phagnalon rupestre Shaving-brush Bush 1831
Pallenis spinosa 1847
Anthemis chia Chamomile sp. 1869
Anthemis rigida Rayless Chamomile 1870
Chrysanthemum coronarium Crown Daisy 1895
Calendula arvensis Field Marigold 1908
Picnomon acarna Picnomon 1965
Notobasis syriaca Syrian Thistle 1966
Galactites tomentosa Galactites 1971
Silybum marianum Milk Thistle 1982
Centaurea solstitialis Yellow Star-thistle 1994
Leontodon tuberosus Tuberous Hawkbit 2044
Scorzonera cretica Cretan Viper's Grass 2054
Tragopogon porrifolius Salsify 2055
Geropogon hybridus Small Salsify 2056
Asphodelus fistulosus Hollow-leaved Asphodel 2087
Asphodelus aestivus Common Asphodel 2089
Asphodeline lutea Yellow Asphodeline 2092
Gagea graeca Greek Gagea 2102
Gagea fistulosa Yellow Gagea 2105
Tulipa doerfleri A Red/Orange Tulip 2143
Tulipa bakeri Tulip 2146
Tulipa cretica Cretan Tulip 2147
Zantedeschia aethiopica Easter Lily
Omithogalum narbonense Spiked Star of Bethlehem 2166
Omithogalum umbellatum Star of Bethlehem 2171
Muscari comosum Tassel Hyacinth 2201
Allium roseum Rosy Garlic 2224
Allium ampeloprasum Wild Leek 2237
Agave americana Century Plant 2253
Pancratium maritimum Sea Daffodil (leaves only) 2270
Iris tuberosus Widow Iris 2283
Iris cretensis Cretan Iris 2285
Gynandriris sisyrinchium Barbary Nut Iris 2305
Gynandriris monophylla One-Ieaved Nut Iris 2306
Gladiolus italicus Field Gladiolus 2307
Arum creticum Cretan Arum 2368
Arisarum vulgare Friar's Cowl 2377
Dracunculus vulgaris Dragon Arum 2358
Orchis papilionacea Pink Butterfly Orchid 2401
Orchis boryi 2402
Orchis lactea Milky Orchid 2408
Orchis italica Naked Man Orchid 2409
Orchis pauciflora Provence (Few-flowered) Orchid 2417a
Orchis quadripunctata Four-spotted Orchid 2419
Ophrys lutea Yellow Bee Orchid 2423
Ophrys fusca Brown Bee Orchid 2424
Ophrys omegaifera 2424(a)
Ophrys mammosa Early Spider Orchid 2428(d)
Ophrys spruneri Grecian Spider Orchid 2429
Ophrys scolopax Woodcock Orchid 2436
Ophrys cretica Cretan Bee Orchid 2437
Ophrys bombyliflora Bumble Bee Orchid 2444
Barlia robertiana Giant Orchid (in vase) 2446
Anacamptis pyramidalis Pyramid Orchid 2447
Serapias lingua Tongue Orchid 2451
Serapias parviflora Small-flowered Tongue O. 2452
Briza maxima Giant Quaking Grass 2460
Lagurus ovatus Haresfoot Grass 2473
Arundo donax Giant Reed 2494
Cyperus capitatus 2496
Equisetum sp. Horsetail Sp. 251?
Phragmites australis Reed