4 -12 May 2002

Neil Arnold
Elena Roberts

Vavel (driver)


We were blessed with good weather; the only rain falling when we were well protected on the covered deck of the ponton in the Danube Delta. Though there was little sign of migration we were able to enjoy good views of the landscape and a variety of wildlife. I am grateful to you all for your good cheer, to Elena for her spirited, good-humoured guidance and to Vavel for his safe driving and courtesy. I hope we'll share a holiday at some time in the future.

Best wishes

Neil Arnold



The flight to Bucharest was uneventful. On arriving at the airport we met Elena and Vavel and drove to Calarasi. As usual the first White Storks of the trip caused a stir. During a stop for refreshment a Lesser Whitethroat and a Cuckoo grabbed our attention until we were drawn away to watch four hunting Red-footed Falcons.



Within minutes of leaving the hotel we were watching wetland birds at the local ponds. Garganey, Pochard, Shoveler and Ferruginous Ducks vied for our attention with Whiskered, White-winged and Black Terns dip feeding for insects. Waders and Herons were also a great feature of the site; Ruff, Avocet, Curlew Sandpiper, Little Stint, Black-winged Stilt, Lapwing, Grey, Ringed and Little Ringed Plover representing the former and Grey, Purple, Squacco Heron, Little Egret and Little Bittern the latter. Six Glossy Ibis also put in an appearance. Marsh Frogs and Fire-bellied Toads were also a feature of this venue.

By 10.00 we were awaiting the arrival of the ferry across the River Danube at Ostrov. Whilst waiting we were entertained by Thrush Nightingale, Spanish, Tree and House Sparrows, Hoopoe, Great Spotted Woodpecker and Golden Oriole. A Red-necked Grebe was noted in the river and a Black-crowned Night Heron on a riverside tree.

Once across the river we drove towards the coast encountering Red-backed and Lesser Grey Shrike and Roller en route. A short stop at Lake Bugeag enabled us to watch more wetland bird species including four Ruddy Shelduck and a Spotted Redshank.

At mid-day we arrived at the Canaraua Fetei Valley. Butterflies were active but the birds were lying low. Despite this, fine views were obtained of Golden Oriole, Roller, Hoopoe and Red-rumped Swallow. Birds of prey were active; Common and Long-legged Buzzard and Hobby all performing well. A fine Spur-thighed Tortoise also joined us. The most unexpected bird was found just before lunch when a movement on the woodland floor revealed an immature Little Bittern, which then proceeded to climb into the lower branches of a shrub. We watched from four metres away. No doubt this was a passing migrant.

We moved on to Adamclisi, the ancient Roman monumen,t where we came across two more Red-rumped Swallows and a number of Northern Wheatear.

Our arrival at the resort of Mamaia-Sat on the Black Sea coincided with that of a small flock of Bee-eaters.

Before dining we walked through the grounds of the hotel to the beach. A small flock of waders on the shore consisted of seven Grey Plover, a Sanderling, a Common Sandpiper, a Little Ringed Plover, a Turnstone and about eighty Curlew Sandpiper, most of which were in breeding plumage.



A pre-breakfast drive to the local oil refinery - yes, oil refinery - The Travelling Naturalist goes to all the best places!

The ponds surrounding the works were full of birds including Redshank, Wood Sandpiper, Snipe, Gadwall, Shelduck, Little Gull, Mediterranean Gull and Great White Egret. Yellow and Black-headed Wagtail, Great Reed, Reed and Grasshopper Warblers were in the reed beds.

By 9.00 we were at nearby Histria, an area of pools wet meadows and reed beds. Reed Buntings, Bearded Tits and a host of warblers were seen in the reed beds. The grassland and pool edges were alive with waders including the diminutive Kentish Plover and at least twenty Collared Pratincole. A flock of fifty White Pelicans also set our blood racing as they glowed a faint pink in the bright sunshine.

As we watched a solitary Common Crane, flew in, landed in dead ground and then took off again, soon joining a small flock of White Pelicans as they soared overhead. Eventually the crane flew off towards the Danube Delta.

We then drove to the shore, stopping at the café for a cold drink. The area around the café and the ancient Roman site is surrounded by trees and shrubs. It was here that we experienced the thrill of visible bird migration, noting Spotted and Collared Flycatchers, Common Redstart, Willow Warbler, Chiffchaff, Blackcap, swallows and martins.

As we watched the migrant birds a Little Owl appeared on the balcony of one of the houses. It then proceeded to hunt, unfortunately beyond our view on the 'dead' side of the house. It was no doubt attracted by insects disturbed by the migrating birds, or perhaps by the birds themselves.

A walk in the dune slacks brought us face to face with a Tawny Pipit and a rather secretive Green Sandpiper. The final thrill of the morning was provided by an adult White-tailed Eagle that soared over the marsh.

We lunched at Vadu, another wetland area. The highlights here were singing Grasshopper and Savi's Warblers, both of which were seen. More migrants including Whinchat and a fine rufous-phase Cuckoo, and a host of wetland species were also noted. Especially pleasing were the acrobatic Collared Pratincoles, the flock being some eighty in number.

At the shore we saw Little and Sandwich Terns, but not the hoped for White-tailed Plover which had bred in 2001.

As we prepared to leave Vadu a ring-tailed Hen Harrier flew by and forty Little Gulls arrived to feed on Insects over the pools. It was then that a single White-tailed Plover flew past the bus: we were in luck.

Having noted the landing place of the plover we approached with caution. On a man-made bund around a pool we saw a single plover. It was then joined by a second bird. Then a female Marsh Harrier approached the White-tailed Plovers. The bird of prey was immediately mobbed, not by the two plover, but by six, four of which had obviously been waiting in the wings. Having returned to the bund the plover began to display; the males drawing themselves up to their full height, expanding their chests and making short, sharp dashes towards the females who retreated just as quickly. At one stage a male took off and performed a slow 'butterfly' display flight. An approaching Common Tern broke up the event and was firmly chased away. We were all spellbound, but we eventually dragged ourselves away. Not only had we seen what seemed to be the most westerly population of breeding White-tailed Plover in Eurasia but we had also witnessed their courting ritual. What an experience! Oh, by the way as we watched the plovers two Dalmatian Pelicans flew over our heads!

As we returned to Mamaia-Sat the talk was of our good fortune. We were brought to sudden standstill, though, by a grey bird in a ploughed field. There, twenty metres away, was an adult Demoiselle Crane, a wanderer from the north-east. As we watched, the crane walked further into the field and then flew the short distance to the field edge. As though the discovery of this bird was not exciting enough the field edge was alive with birds including singing Calandra Lark, a pair of hunting Red-footed Falcons and Spotted and Pied Flycatchers.

There are few days in a naturalist's life that can match one like that!



The early morning movement of birds along the Black Sea coast was reflected by the passage of herons over the hotel. Grey and Purple and Squacco Herons, Great White Egrets and thirteen Black-crowned Night Heron set the day off to good start.

As we set off to the north a Kestrel was seen to mob a passing male Hen Harrier. We were soon at the rocky gorge Cheia Dobrogea. The grassland floor of the gorge was alive with feeding Suslik whilst Common Buzzards soared overhead. Before long we were comparing Northern and Pied Wheatear and enjoying the calls of Hoopoe and Golden Oriole.

Even though it was only 10.25 by the time we reached the Babadag Forest there was little bird song to be heard. Fortunately the Ortolan Bunting was still performing. Eventually we had good views of at least four singing males. A soaring Honey Buzzard, a lustrous armoured cricket and the flamboyant Wild Peony also got into the act.

Enisala is a small village surrounded by fishponds, a reed bed and fields and dominated by an ancient fortress. The whole area is a paradise for birds. Nesting Bee-eaters, breeding Red-crested Pochard, hunting Red-footed Falcons, a pair of Little Bittern and a Green Toad were the highlights here. Well that is if you don't include the excellent picnic!

Once we reached Tulcea, the capital of the Danube Delta, we were keen to board our floating hotel, or ponton, and get underway. By 17.05 we were moving east on the Danube, pulled by a small, but powerful tug. We had all settled into our spacious double cabins and were sitting drinking tea and coffee on the upper deck.

As we passed along the canalised main channel Whiskered, Black and White-winged Terns were dip feeding in there hundreds. Almost every other tree seemed to sport a Roller and White Storks on nests were legion. Common Cormorants abounded and their smaller cousins Pygmy Cormorants were pleasingly common. The water level in the Danube was high forming isolated pools on the edge. Herons, Spoonbill and Glossy Ibis took advantage of their rich feeding grounds. An adult Whit-tailed Eagle was the icing on the cake.

We spent the night at Crisan.



We awoke to the sound of Cuckoo, Golden Oriole and Great Reed Warbler.

Our first task was to 'walk the plank' fortunately onto the shore. We were only able to walk fifty metres through the wet grass but fifty metres was enough. We were soon watching Great Spotted Woodpeckers in the trees and Black Woodpeckers making their way to and fro across the river. Kingfishers flew past the ponton as Golden Orioles flew from tree to tree. It was also a delight to see our first Turtle Dove.

The day was spent on deck, under the cover of a canvas awning, which was just as well as we were hit by a sudden thundery squall in mid afternoon.

In the late morning we moored the ponton at Bacla Fortuna. Not only was it a pleasant spot but it overlooked an active Penduline Tit's nest.

Later we made a brief visit to Bacla Nesti Lake on the tug and then re-boarded the ponton for the trip to Sireasa.

Soon after we moored for the night a Black Woodpecker flew into the nearby tree and a Muskrat made repeated trips to its nest, carrying long lengths of reed.

A count of the wetland species & raptors on 8th May follows: -

Red necked Grebe 19 Mallard 20

Great Crested Grebe 70 Garganey 2

Black-necked Grebe 5 Pochard 36

Great Cormorant 300 Ferruginous Duck 21

Pygmy Cormorant 90 Tufted Duck 3

White Pelican 60 Honey Buzzard 3

Dalmatian Pelican 1 White-tailed Eagle 2

Grey Heron 21 Marsh Harrier 10

Purple Heron 17 Buzzard 1

Great White Egret 4 Kestrel 3

Little Egret 69 Red-footed Falcon 29

Squacco Heron 41 Hobby 4

Black-crowned Night Heron 67 Moorhen 8

Little Bittern 1 Coot 140

Black Stork 1 Lapwing 6

White Stork 30 Black-tailed Godwit 1

Glossy Ibis 84 Wood Sandpiper 2

Mute Swan 73 Baltic Gull 2

Greylag Goose 26 Black-headed Gull 3

Gadwall 12 White-winged Tern 2

Whiskered Tern 130 Common Tern 80

There were also a notable number of other species: -

Kingfisher 10

Great Spotted Woodpecker 3

Black Woodpecker 6

Grey-headed Woodpecker 4



The tug and ponton left the mooring at 06.10. As we moved through the patchy morning mist we were delighted to see Spoonbills and Glossy Ibis feeding in the shallows. Eight Kingfishers, a Hobby and a fine immature White-tailed Eagle were also notable.

By 10.00 we were on our way to the mountains. As we approached Harsova (K72) we stopped at a rookery, which later in the summer would become a communal nesting site of Red-footed Falcons. Seven falcons were nearby but we also had clear views of Golden Oriole and a female Syrian Woodpecker.

We lunched at Albetsi.

At 18.05 we drove into the delightful mountain town of Sinaia. We stayed in a comfortable lodge and ate at the nearby hotel.

A walk in the adjacent palace grounds brought to light Black Redstart, Nuthatch, Long-tailed Tit, Goldcrest, Mistle Thrush, Grey-headed Woodpecker, Fieldfare, Bullfinch and an adult and immature Dipper.

After dinner we drove up the slope to the woodland above Sinaia. Just before we reached the local rubbish tip we came across, two immature European Brown Bears stretching and scratching a spruce tree. Once they had slipped away we drove on the tip where we found an adult bear scavenging. The venue was less than lovely but the bear was a fine specimen.

On an early morning walk we found Crossbill, Raven, Grey Wagtail, Serin and Dunnock amongst others. Red Squirrel was also common.

The rest of the day was spent in the Bucegi "Horseshoe" Range, so called because of its shape.

As we climbed out of Sinaia we came across a male Black Woodpecker, a Sparrow Hawk, Tree Pipit and Serin. Once on the edge of the tree-line Ring Ouzel abounded, and Raven, Kestrel and Common Buzzard patrolled the hillsides.

In a deep gorge we found a pair of Wallcreeper. We were able to watch these lovely birds at leisure and at close range. The adults were catching invertebrates and taking them to a cleft in the sheer cliff where they were undoubtedly feeding young. It was enchanting to see their butterfly-like flight and to hear the male in song. Once again we dragged ourselves away as lunch was calling.

We ate on the porch of a cabina in the hills. We were accompanied at great height by Common Buzzards, a light phase Booted Eagle, three Black Storks and Alpine Swifts.

We then drove higher until we arrived at an open windswept grassland, the home of Water Pipit.

On our return to Sinaia some of us took a short walk in the palace grounds finding Dipper, Collared Flycatcher and Hawfinch.



Crossbills, Serin and Dipper were seen on pre-breakfast walks.

Today was spent in Transylvania.

On approaching Risnov we saw our first pair of Lesser Spotted Eagles. As we watched them a small flock of storks flew west.

It was enchanting to walk the ramparts of the Citadel at Risnov. Lesser-spotted Eagle was seen again and as we walked down the wooded road towards the farm, we also enjoyed views of Serin, Treecreeper, Wood Warbler, Lesser Whitethroat and a male Middle-spotted Woodpecker.

As we approached the orchards at the edge of the Crizbav Forest we saw another pair of Lesser-spotted Eagles and a female Syrian Woodpecker.

Lunch at the Forest edge was punctuated by the calls of Corncrake and Wryneck. There was also a good variety of plants and butterflies to engage us.

A drive to the Rodbav Fishponds was abortive, as they were crowded with fisherman. We did, however, come across a feeding flock of two hundred and fifty-six White Storks. These were almost certainly migrants.

Dinner was a fine affair. It was taken at a restaurant within the grounds of the palace. Local music, local food and the odd drop of beer and wine made it a grand occasion.



After a satisfying breakfast we sped off to Bucharest, took our leave of Elena and Vavel and flew to Heathrow. Most of us went home. Richard and Gale spent a few days in the U.K and then flew home to the U.S.A.

If you all enjoyed this trip as much as I did it will have been a huge success!

Best wishes,

Neil Arnold. May 2002.
















Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis One (H)

Red-necked Grebe Podiceps grisegena One Ostrov Ferry Ferry, one (V) and numerous (DD)

Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus Common in deep water sites

Black-necked (Eared) Grebe Podiceps nigricollis Five (DD)

Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo Common

Pygmy Cormorant Phalacrocorax pygmaeus Pleasingly common (DD)

(Great) White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus Large flocks on the coast and (DD)

Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus Three (M), two (V) and one (DD)

Grey Heron Ardea cinerea Common in wetland sites

Purple Heron Ardea purpurea Generally common, specially in reed beds

Great White Egret Egretta alba Noted either singly or in flocks of up to five birds

Little Egret Egretta garzetta Widespread but only numerous (DD)

Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides Widespread and surprisingly numerous especially (DD)

Black-crowned Night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax Scattered records except in the (DD) where it was commonly noted flying to roost

Little Bittern Ixobrychus minutus One (C), one (CF), one (H) a pair (E) and one (DD)

Black Stork Ciconia nigra Two (DD) and three (R)

White Stork Ciconia ciconia A common breeding species. Two hundred and fifty seven (R) were probably migrants

Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus Noted at most wetland sites. Common (DD)

Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia Eleven sightings (DD)

Mute Swan Cygnus olor Widespread. Numerous (DD)

Greylag Goose Anser anser Two (V) flocks (DD)

Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea Four, Lake Bugeag

Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna Only (H) and (E)

Gadwall Anas strepera At coastal lagoons and (DD)

Mallard Anas platyrhynchos Common and widespread

Garganey Anas querquedula Only in small numbers at well vegetated waters

Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata One (C), two (H) and one (E)

Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina Twenty (E)

Common Pochard Aythya ferina Widespread. Only common (DD)

Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca In all deep water sites

Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula Three (D)

European Honey Buzzard Pernis apivorus One (BF), three (DD)

White-tailed Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla One (H), four (DD)

Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus One ringtail near (V) and one male near Cheia Dobrogea

Eurasian Marsh Harrier Circus aeruginosus Numerous over marsh, reedbed and field systems

Eurasian Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus Three (S/BM)

Common Buzzard Buteo buteo Numerous and very widespread

Long-legged Buzzard Buteo rufinus One (CF) and one (E)

Lesser Spotted Eagle Aquila pomarina Seven sightings of at least six birds (R)

Booted Eagle Hieraeetus pennatus One light phase bird (BM)

Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus Noted almost daily

Red-footed Falcon Falco vespertinus Forty-eight sightings. Numerous (DD)

Eurasian Hobby Falco subbuteo Nine sightings, eight (DD)

Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus Widespread

Common Crane Grus grus An adult (H), 7th

Demoiselle Crane Anthropoides virgo An adult in a field near (V), 7th.

Water Rail Rallus aquaticus Heard (DD)

Corn Crake Crex crex Heard (CR)

Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus A common wetland species

Common Coot Fulica atra Common, especially in (DD)

Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus Only seen in coastal lagoons

Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avocetta Often with Stilts

Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola At least twenty (H) and some eighty (V)

White-tailed Plover Vanellus leucurus Six adult birds in display (V) 5th

(Northern) Lapwing Vanellus vanellus Common on the coastal plain

Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola Flocks on the coast. Peak count seven (M)

Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula Two (C), One (H)

Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius Only noted at (C) (M) and (H)

Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus Four (H)

Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa One (DD)

Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus One Lake Bugeag, two (H) and one (DD)

Common Redshank Tringa totanus Only at (M) and (E)

Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus One (V)

Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola Two (M) and two (DD)

Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos A single bird (M)

(Ruddy) Turnstone Arenaria interpres Ten (V) and a single bird (M)

Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago One (M)

Sanderling Calidris alba Three (M)

Little Stint Calidris minuta Small flocks (C)(M)(H)and(V)

Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea On the shore and at coastal lagoons. Peak count eighty (M)

Ruff Philomachus pugnax A scattering of records at coastal lagoons and inland at (C) and near Rotbav

Baltic Gull A handful of records (DD)

Yellow-legged Gull Larus michahellis Common at coastal locations

Mediterranean Gull Larus melanocephalus Six records (M)(H)(V)

Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus Common except in the mountains

Little Gull Larus minutus Forty (V) 6th and two (DD)

Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybridus Numerous especially (DD)

White-winged (Black) Tern Chlidonias leucoptera Numerous, especially coastal lagoons

Black Tern Chlidonias niger Small flocks on inland and coastal lagoons but scarce (DD)

Sandwich Tern Sterna sandvicensis Ten coastal records (M) and (V)

Common Tern Sterna hirundo Noted daily on open waters.

Little Tern Sterna albifrons Two (V) and two (M)

Rock Dove (Feral Pigeon) Columba livia Common near habitation

Stock Dove Columba oenas Five records (DD)

(Common) Wood Pigeon Columba palumbus Sixteen records (DD)

European Turtle Dove Streptopelia turtur One heard (CF) and one heard and seen (DD)

Eurasian Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto Common

Common (Eurasian) Cuckoo Cuculus canorus Common. Two 'rufous' individuals were noted

Little Owl Athene noctua One perched and hunting (H).

Alpine Swift Apus melba Three (BM)

Common Swift Apus apus Common except (DD)

Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis Seventeen sightings (DD)

European Bee-eater Merops apiaster Four (M) eight (E) and ten (DD)

European Roller Coracias garrulus Common in open country with trees. Abundant (DD)

(Eurasian) Hoopoe Upupa epops Seen throughout the trip except in (BM)

(Eurasian) Wryneck Jynx torquilla Heard (CR)

Middle Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos medius A male (R)

Syrian Woodpecker Dendrocopos syriacus Females en route and near (CF)

Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major Sightings at (CF) (DD) and (S)

Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius Six sightings (DD) including a male and a male (S)

Green Woodpecker Picus viridis One heard (CF)

Grey-headed Woodpecker Picus canus A pair plus two separate sightings (DD) One seen and one heard (S)

Calandra Lark Melanocorypha calandra Fifteen sightings on the coastal plains and one (R)

Crested Lark Galerida cristata Common on the coastal plains

(Eurasian) Sky Lark Alauda arvensis Common in coastal grasslands

European Sand Martin Riparia riparia Common wetlands

Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica Common

Red-rumped Swallow Hirundo daurica Two (CF) and three Adamclisi

Common House Martin Delichon urbica Common, less so in (DD)

Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava Confined to the coastal plains and wetlands except for a single record (R)

Black-headed Wagtail Motacilla flava feldegg Several records (M)

White Wagtail Motacilla alba Common, even in the mountains

Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea Six sightings (S)

Tawny Pipit Anthus campestris One (H) and one (V)

Tree Pipit Anthus trivialis Two in song (BM)

Water Pipit Anthus spinoletta Four (BM)

Red-backed Shrike Lanius collurio Numerous

Lesser Grey Shrike Lanius minor several noted on the coastal plain

White-throated Dipper Cinclus cinclus A family of four (S)

Winter Wren Troglodytes troglodytes Heard (BF) and seen (S)

Hedge Accentor (Dunnock) Prunella modularis Only noted (S)(BM)

Ring Ouzel Turdus torquatus Three singing males (BM)

Common Blackbird Turdus merula Common

Fieldfare Turdus pilaris Common (S)(BM) and in Transylvania

Song Thrush Turdus philomelos Common especially in the mountains

Mistle Thrush Turdus viscivorus Only noted in the mountains

European Robin Erithacus rubecula Only in the mountains

Thrush Nightingale Luscinia luscinia Heard in a number of locations. Seen at the Ostrov Ferry station and en route (S)

Common Nightingale Luscinia megarhynchos Common in scrub areas

Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros One male Tulcea and common in the mountains

Common Redstart Phoenicurus phoenicurus Records of coastal migrants and mountain forest breeding birds

Whinchat Saxicola rubetra Four Vadu area

Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe Coastal migrants and noted in the mountains

Pied Wheatear Oenanthe pleschanka A pair Cheia Dobrogea

Bearded Tit (Reedling) Panurus biarmicus Several (H)and (E)

Grasshopper Warbler Locustella naevia Seen (H) and heard at other reedbed sites

Savi's Warbler Locustella luscinioides Seen (V)

(Eurasian) Reed Warbler Acrocephalus scirpaceus Common in reedbeds

Great Reed Warbler Acrocephalus arundinaceus Common in reedbeds

Willow Warbler Phylloscopus trochilus Widespread

Common Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita Widespread

Wood Warbler Phylloscopus sibilatrix Pairs (R)(CF)

Blackcap Sylvia atricapilla Common and widespread

Garden Warbler Sylvia borin Heard (CF)

Common Whitethroat Sylvia communis A singing male en route (S)

Lesser Whitethroat Sylvia curruca One at the 'drinks stop' on 4th,at (CF) and (S)

Goldcrest Regulus regulus Common (S)

Spotted Flycatcher Muscicapa striata Migrants on the coast and breeding birds (DD) and (S)

European Pied Flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca A pair near (V)

Collared Flycatcher Ficedula albicollis A male (V) and breeding birds (S)

Long-tailed Tit Aegithalos caudatus Three (CF) and several records (S)

(Eurasian) Penduline Tit Remiz pendulinus Several heard. One seen building nest and three more feeding (DD)

Marsh Tit Parus palustris Three records (S) (BM)

Coal Tit Parus ater Only in the woodlands (S) (BM)

Great Tit Parus major Common

Blue Tit Parus caeruleus Common (CF) and (S)

Eurasian Nuthatch Sitta europaea Common (S)

Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria A pair at close range (BM)

Eurasian Treecreeper Certhia familiaris Three records (R)

Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius Common (CF)(BF) and (S)

Black-billed Magpie Pica pica Very common

Eurasian Jackdaw Corvus monedula Common except (BM)

Rook Corvus frugilegus Common except (DD) and (BM)

Hooded Crow Corvus corone Common throughout

Common Raven Corvus corax Common (S) (BM)

(Eurasian) Golden Oriole Oriolus oriolus Heard in all suitable habitat. A wonderful series of sightings of both males and females

Common (European) Starling Sturnus vulgaris Noted daily

Corn Bunting Miliaria calandra Common on the coastal plains and in Transylvania

Yellowhammer Emberiza citrinella Only (CF) (BF) and (R)

Ortolan Bunting Emberiza hortulana Four singing males (BF)

Reed Bunting Emberiza schoeniclus Only in the reedbeds of the coastal lagoons and (DD)

Common Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs Common in all wooodlands

European Serin Serinus serinus Six records (S)

European Greenfinch Carduelis chloris Only (CF)(S) and (R)

European Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis Widespread

Common Linnet Carduelis cannabina Scattered records

Common (Red) Crossbill Loxia curvirostra Flocks of six and four (S)

Eurasian Bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula Wonderful views of this local species (S)

Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes Single records (CF) and (S)

House Sparrow Passer domesticus Common

Spanish Sparrow Passer hispaniolensis Only noted on the coastal plains

Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus Very widespread, only absent in the (BM)


Brown Bear Ursus arctos Two immatures and one adult (S)

Red Squirrel Sciurus vulgaris Common (S)

European Souslik Spermophilus citellus Common on the coastal plain

Muskrat Ondatra zibethicus Two (DD)

Northern Water Vole Arvicola terrestris One (S)

Brown Rat Rattus norvegicus One (S)


Fire-bellied Toad Bombina bombina Heard (C)

Yellow-bellied Toad Bombina variegata Seen (BM)

Green Toad Bufo viridis Only at (E)

Marsh Frog Rana ridibunda Common


Balkan Green Lizard Lacerta trilineata Seen on three days

Sand Lizard Lacerta agilis Several (CF)

Slow Worm Anguis fragilis Four (CF)

Spur-thighed Tortoise Testudo graeca One (CF) and one (H)

European Pond Terrapin Emys orbicularis Only (C)


Swallowtail Papilio machaon Only (BF)

Scarce swallowtail Iphiclides podalirius Common

Small white Artogeia rapae Common

Orange-tip Anthocharis cardamines Common

Brimstone Goneptryx rhamni Only (CF)

Red admiral Vanessa atalanta Only (CF)

Painted lady Cynthia cardui Only (CF)

Small heath Coenonympha pamphilius Only (CF) and (CF)

Speckled wood Pararge aegeria Only (R)

© The Travelling Naturalist 2002