TRAVELLING NATURALIST TRIP REPORT
2 - 9 May 2002
Thursday 2nd May
Given the vagaries of charter flights, the diabolical start time and slight delay on take-off from Gatwick was no surprise! However, this was stoically accepted by those boarding there and we landed on the original time to be greeted at Mytilene airport by a mild breeze and blazing sun which was more than enough recompense.
After boarding the bus and saying farewells to Lena, we gently worked our way across the island to the hotel, passing through pine woods and olive groves, though not before noting some superb patches of bright crimson poppies and brilliant yellow daisies by the roadsides.
Birds were also in evidence, with Corn Buntings and Collared Doves common on the wires, while the various pools and salinas visible from the coach held a party of five Mute Swans, a small flock of Glossy Ibis and a much larger group of Greater Flamingos. It was only as we pulled up in front of the hotel that we truly realised the birding potential we had on the doorstep. Even before all the bags were off the bus, several of the party had walked the few yards to peer over into the weedy lagoon, with Glossy Ibis, Black-winged Stilts and Wood Sandpipers feeding unconcernedly just yards away!
After a surprisingly large lunch, most of the group reconvened outside to look at the lagoon in more detail and were amply rewarded. Several Glossy Ibis revealed the multiple tints and hues to their plumage in the sun, with finely speckled, summer-plumaged Wood Sandpipers picking around their ankles. Black-winged Stilts kept up a noisy welcome, vigorously chasing rivals away from their nests piled high in the weeds. A couple of Little Bitterns sat just a few metres from the fence in full view - not bad for 3pm! - while in more open water, a group of smart drake Garganey dabbled along the edges, two male Shoveler dozed in the weeds and nervous Little Grebes popped out briefly from cover where they'd been 'whinnying'. More intense watching revealed a couple of Squacco Herons trying to hide along the edges, their long head plumes flicking in the breeze and an adult Purple Heron snaking through the reedmace. A few Ruff provided variety, though a small group suddenly jumped up out of the grass to show how many more must have been hidden.
A loud song to one side heralded a Cetti's Warbler, belting out its song in full view for a change and overhead a pair of White Storks wheeled in the blue above an abundance of Swallows, House Martins and a few Swifts.
What a start! The heat and need for rest got to the merry wanderers, but even after a rest and reassembly on the patio for the call-over, a Peregrine passing over followed immediately by four Red-footed Falcons put paid to any semblance of order!
Dinner was a fine buffet, the salads and desserts being especially noteworthy.
Harold and Valerie came in late from the Manchester flight to be met by Keith, the rest of us having collapsed into bed...
Friday 3rd May
A bright, clear and cool start. The Kalloni pool had the usual assortment of avian life, though in addition, a couple of Water Rails played hide and seek along the sedgebed edges, among the stilts, ibis, wood sandpipers and of course, those stunning male Garganey. Walking towards the West River we spent time enjoying an Eastern Olivaceous Warbler singing out in full view at close range, though as we 'scoped the river from a distance so many new birds came to light.
A flock of terns in a fishing frenzy over the river included Common, Little and Whiskered, while underneath, various Grey Herons and Little Egrets lunged at leisure. A Black Stork suddenly came into sight in the channel, its wings extended as it ran to-and-fro to scare the fish! Another appeared later to join it in equally bizarre fashion.
An excellent call by Rosemary lead to the discovery of a Ruddy Shelduck in flight, which toured around before dropping out of sight, the preliminary ID being all the better as it was new for her! Although a distant perched Black-headed Wagtail and a few Little Stints which rushed around in flight were only seen by those with 'scopes, a few Kentish Plover on the dry saltmarsh in front gave terrific views and those who hadn't seen Crested Lark yet rapidly did so. The temperature as we headed back went from very pleasant in the sun to chilly in the shade. It was going to be hot...
Despite rumours of all sorts of good birds seen at the same time at East River, our plan for the day didn't waiver and after breakfast we headed eastwards past Kalloni, ignoring the massed waders in the saltpans, and headed for the ridiculously named 'Derbyshire', AKA Misintziki. A female Montagu's Harrier drifted across the road in front, though 'from-the-moving-bus' views are never the best.
As we stepped out for a wander up a track at Misintziki (=Derbyshire), a singing male Black-headed Bunting on some wires immediately cried for attention and was admired by all. The bushy slopes and power lines here held a wealth of interesting species, and although a singing Cretzschmar's Bunting eluded most, and a rather distant Black Stork and Common Buzzard rapidly passed over, a gorgeous male Red-backed Shrike and five Whinchats soon made amends and suggesting that a small fall had taken place. As we headed towards the source of a singing Turtle Dove, plants also took their rightful place, however, with a single Loose-flowered Orchid and plenty of Small-flowered Tongue Orchids, a fine patch of the yellow-and-white Iris orientalis, both red and blue-flowered forms of the Scarlet Pimpernel and Spiked Star-of-Bethlehem on show.
A search for a quietly singing warbler finally revealed a male Blackcap, but this delay and another to try and look at the Blue-headed Wagtails in amongst the sheep, were crucial, another singing bird on the wires along from another Black-headed Bunting being a Rufous Bush-chat! Amazingly, almost the moment that this disappeared a superb Lesser Grey Shrike hopped up for prolonged 'scope view as it dismembered a large centipede. This in itself would have been good, but when the next bird along proved to be a Roller, this seemed unreal, a Raven in the background going largely unnoticed! This was then joined by a Turtle Dove just feet away, again allowing views for some time, its tortoiseshell plumage shown off to perfection in the sunlight, though not as spectacular as the blues of the adjacent Roller!
We turned back, only to find a singing Woodchat Shrike, with further delays for at least two more male Red-backed Shrikes, a Black-headed Bunting and another pair of Woodchat Shrikes!
We carried on the short distance to the pool at 'Derbyshire', and despite the heat haze, noted eight Mute Swans and a yellow-billed Great White Egret. However, a Common Sandpiper bobbed among the rocks just in front at close range and an Eastern Festoon flew past several times just to make sure we'd seen it. As a parting shot, a distant Black-eared Wheatear perched on power cables for a few moments.
At Achladeri, a forest of mature pine woodland provided welcome shade before lunch and a wide selection of species. Chaffinches were immediately obvious, though a couple of Spotted, and single female Collared and Pied Flycatchers were very tricky as they dashed through the under-canopy. Fortunately, a superb singing male Krüper's Nuthatch soon laid memories of these to rest as he flew restlessly from tree to tree, calling incessantly and provided excellent binocular and 'scope views to all. Finally he came down to hack away at a hole in a stump, and Keith's suspicion of it being an unpaired male seemed confirmed.
A short song nearby lead to the observation of Short-toed Treecreeper, while another 'shout' revealed another woodland beauty in the form of a fully flowering Violet Limodore orchid.
Taking time to admire both males and females of Europe's largest damselfly Epallagme fatime by a tiny stream, a strange song came to our attention, and in the top of a nearby tree, a superb male Masked Shrike sang for while before flying up flashing black and white to catch an insect - a treat and the 'last' of the island's shrikes to see, and all before lunch!!! We wandered back down to the bus to pick up our picnic lunches which were taken in the shade of the woodland with Black-eared Wheatears, Greenfinches and Chaffinches to keep us company.
Our final stop, in the heat of the afternoon, was a gentle walk at the Kalloni saltpans. We intended not to stop until the far end of the road, but a fly-by of 15 Gull-billed Terns briefly ruined those plans, though we were rapidly on our way and no sooner had disembarked than were 'scoping Short-toed Larks, a male Northern Wheatear and a Little Ringed Plover on the coastal grasslands. Heat made the going tougher than hoped, but a calling Stone-curlew livened up proceedings, with others seen in flight later, and a few butterflies, including good numbers of Lesser Spotted Fritillary, interrupted the walk. Passing into a grazing area we crept quietly up to overlook a tiny pool hidden in rush clumps and to our delight, about ten Red-throated Pipits and a smart male Black-headed Wagtail were carefully picking their way across the now stranded water crowfoot. The birds varied from those in full winter plumage to a few in summer dress with their brick-red throats. A male Montagu's Harrier interrupted proceedings this time, though again only briefly, as he hunted across the dunes in the distance.
We stopped briefly to overlook the larger pools, where a number of Whiskered Terns flickered over the surface. However, a Little Gull in 1st-winter plumage dipped among them and as if by magic, three full summer-plumaged White-winged Terns suddenly joined the fray. These combined with three Common Shelduck, and at least nine Little Terns made a fine spectacle, though a mass of waders in the last pool were our final destination. Most were Ruff, though about 20 Curlew Sandpipers and half a dozen Little Stints were also noted.
Not surprisingly, the call-over was quite long, some 87 species having been recorded during the day, an excellent total including some remarkable birds.
Saturday 4th May
Pre-breakfast found us out by the pool again, where a few stunning White-winged Terns flittered over the vegetation to delight us all. The usual range of species were present, with good warblers including a couple of singing Sedge, a singing Great Reed, a close Olivaceous and a brief Cetti's out on view. We walked right round the pool this time, taking in the local White Stork on its nest in the 'scopes, and with point blank range views of Glossy Ibis, Wood Sandpipers and male Spanish Sparrow of particular note. Even some old rubbish was of special interest to Keith who pulled off the rubber ends to the legs of a couple of old ironing boards to replace those lost from his tripod!
Only breakfast intervened as we feasted our eyes on Purple and Squacco Herons, Little Bitterns, a female Garganey sandwiched between two courting males and a flyover female Montagu's Harrier. A Black Stork cruised low over the trees at the back for the back-markers.
A couple of party members had headed off towards the West River, seeing four Stone-curlews and half-a-dozen Kentish Plovers.
With a long day ahead, we headed westwards, climbing up through remarkably 'wild' scenery wonderfully devoid of people and houses. A quick stop was called for with a Long-legged Buzzard perched on a rock though we soon got out to wander up a track near Skalachori.
Almost immediately we could hear a calling Peregrine and singing Nightingales and Subalpine Warblers. A male of the latter finally showed himself beautifully, though only a brief view of a Nightingale was possible. A few Cirl Buntings flitted through the scrub denying us views until we reached a more open area where a male and female perched out in the open on several occasions, their beaks full of food for a nest of hungry young nearby.
Butterflies were also evident in the sunshine, a large number of the impressive Eastern Festoons flying around. Distant views of Crag Martin and Blue Rock Thrush were possible for those content with dot watching, though we 'promised' more... Having boarded the bus, Keith and I were intrigued by some intent watching by some other birdwatchers nearby, a quick check requiring all to file off the bus again as two Eleonora's Falcons hawked over a distant ridge, the air above them also peppered with Alpine Swifts.
Several other birds were seen from the bus, including Stonechat and various shrikes, though as we reached the Ipsilou Monastery, a wealth of birds was apparent on the scrub and tree-covered hill. A Rock Sparrow 'shreeped' at us from a cornice before we'd even all got out of the vehicle, returning several times to please all, and a Blue Rock Thrush sang from the corner of the monastery parapet. A few Spotted Flycatchers also sallied out from the parapet and adjacent trees along with 'black and white' flycatchers, and buntings sang from several spots. Though difficult to know where to look, two female Collared, half a dozen Pied Flycatchers and at least 30 Spotted Flycatchers graced the air everywhere we looked. Being up high we had the luxury of looking down into the tree-tops and two Icterine and two Wood Warblers, at least three Lesser Whitethroats and several Blackcaps kept us busy between the flycatchers. A tail disappearing into a hole in the masonry proved to be a Persian Squirrel, several others feeding and chasing round in an oak in front!
Back near the bus for lunch, a slight delay ensued, given a pair of Long-legged Buzzards circling over the slopes below us, a Peregrine drifted back past before we'd finished the first dish (!), and as we finished, a Rock Nuthatch appeared with a few Whinchats, Black-eared Wheatears and Blue Rock Thrushes. As if this were not enough, first a Cretzschmar's Bunting sang next to some displaying Rock Sparrows, then a superb adult male Cinereous Bunting sang from a rock below us.
On to the Petrified Forest, where a couple of Golden Orioles were first flushed from the roadside as we passed, but stayed long enough for us to walk down and get excellent views of them flying and perched. A couple of confiding Little Owls were a pleasing distraction before we even entered the site, though superb views of one or two Cinereous and Cretzschmar's Buntings and a female Black-headed pleased all. MORE Red-backed Shrikes lined the wires and walls...
How could this be bettered? A Lesser Grey Shrike perched off to one side of the bus, with a couple of Woodchats also noted as we passed, though in Sigri, the Lesser Kestrels commuting between their breeding and feeding sites were admired from the top of a Turkish Fort. Seabirds were also visible too, with four fly-by White-winged Terns and several Shags, though one of these raised quite some discussion as to its identity... but was easily resolved by going to the local taverna for a coffee!
It was now late, so we pushed towards 'home'. A circling Goshawk, drifting Peregrine and Long-legged Buzzard were all passed, but one of the day's highlights was still in store. Pulling onto a roadside lay-by, scanning the slopes revealed Woodchat and Red-backed Shrikes, Whinchat and Black-eared Wheatears on the wires, buntings singing in all directions, but a rather mobile pair of Isabelline Wheatears were frustrating our attempts to watch them. Fortunately, a singing male Isabelline on the opposite side of the road had us all lined up watching, admiring its shape, structure and colour pattern when it rose up into the air, singing loudly, and with wings and tail fanned and pressed down, fluttered for a hundred yards or so in a stunning display flight to our delight. Barely getting over this extraordinary scene we had to turn and face another rock as a Rock Nuthatch popped up and hammered away on top for a minute to please those who'd missed the earlier bird!
A single Masked Shrike flying by the bus as we headed back brought us again to four shrike species and a remarkable 90 species for the day!
A post-dinner amble by the hotel after dark produced three planets (Jupiter, Mars and Venus), several Turkish Geckos and a couple of singing Tree-frogs.
Sunday 5th May
Pre-breakfast again by the lake, a flock of White-winged Terns missed by all but the earliest or those looking out from their balconies at the appropriate moment! Purple and Squacco Herons were again admired, though only as we returned to look again at the Wood Sandpipers and Reeves (female Ruffs) did we bump into a group of birders who'd just been watching a crake... Although debate reigned as to its identity, it came out again, and though sneaked its way in the shadows along a belt of sedge, good views at least were had by most of a stunning adult Baillon's Crake! What a start!
We headed out over the West River and took a track up towards the Potamia Valley. Red-backed, Masked and Lesser Grey Shrikes delayed our progress, as did large numbers of Black-headed Buntings as we passed through the extensive olive orchards.
We stepped out to an almost continuous serenade of largely invisible Nightingales and numerous Olivaceous Warblers along the river, with a 'grinding' Great Reed for good measure, though the latter was only briefly seen. Flowers lined the banks of the track, though whether to look up or down was a problem with a few fly-over Common Buzzards and a pair of their Long-legged cousins circling high in front of some crags.
A female Broad-bodied Chaser sat long enough to be 'scoped, while a White-legged Damselfly was carefully caught for all to admire. Blue and Great Tits, Blackbirds and even Cirl Buntings were also somewhat reminiscent of the UK. However, we again paused, this time for numerous Stripe-necked Terrapins piled like pebbles on the riverbank, a super male Broad-bodied Chaser clinging to a stem and a Lesser Emperor dragonfly patrolling between the bushes, and then again for a pink-breasted Lesser Grey and a pair of Woodchat Shrikes and also a few Bee-eaters adorning the wires, all of which reminded us that we were rather more south and east!
The stroll back to the vehicle was punctuated by two Balkan Green Lizards which shot off into some rocks, one being chased out again but much too quick for John...
Taking the coastal road we stopped at a little bridge on a tip-off. As we parked, so a stunning adult male Citrine Wagtail flicked up from the river and on to the flat concrete of the weir for all to admire at leisure and at point blank range. Hmm, 'Bird of the Day' was going to be complicated!
A short stroll before lunch took us to the Chapel of the Holy Cross on a sunny and dry slope in a markedly different habitat. Single white- and black- throated forms of Black-eared Wheatears kept us busy, as did a Cretzschmar's Bunting and a couple of Long-legged Buzzards. However, another raptor appeared over the ridge before circling up, the odd combination of rather short but pointed, dark-tipped wings only meaning one thing - Levant Sparrowhawk! Butterflies were also admired here, including Oriental Meadow Brown, Oriental Marbled Skipper and Orbed Red-underwing Skipper!
Down by the bus we took time to find a Rock Nuthatch's nest with pair feeding young, and noted how numerous white feathers had been plastered to the rocks near the entrance, seemingly in adornment.
The clamour for lunch was now getting loud, so we moved back to an area of trees close to a ruined Turkish minaret. A pair of Red-footed Falcons passed over high, fly-catching as they went, but the hope of a quiet lunch in the shade was dashed by the presence of a large sheep flock and wailing music. Beating a hasty retreat we found shade nearby, where immediately afterwards, a judicious bit of alternative music produced a rapid response from an aggrieved Orphean Warbler which sang back at us with gusto and in the open!
With rising temperatures and more sun, we made our way towards the mouth of the East River, where to our surprise a large flock of Pied Avocets were resting on the spit next to Common, Little and two Sandwich Terns, with eight Mute Swans swimming around in front.
A short way upriver revealed five Squacco Herons in glorious full summer plumage fishing out in full sunlight on the beds of floating algae - a tremendous sight.
An early return was called for, though the more vigorous (John, Pat and Dee) went for a walk upriver. This proved to be remarkably productive, with another couple of Squacco's, Wood Sandpipers, Bee-eaters and Black-headed Buntings along the river, and a Great Reed Warbler grunting away in riverside scrub for long enough to be watched. Walking across the fields towards the church reaped highest benefit though, when a Little Owl upset a superb Middle Spotted Woodpecker and also a female Common Whitethroat, all of which could be watched at leisure in the sunshine!
The church roof stork's nest was being used as shade by the breeding Spanish Sparrows, though it was a relief to finally make it back in the heat.
Ron and Yvonne took the alternative approach, watching the pool from their balcony, and the appearance of a Great Bittern showed how passage is continuous through the island and how much can be missed even under numerous bird-watching noses!
Out to a local taverna for dinner, which was great given only a slight breeze, though the later visit to the village square for Barn Owl was unsuccessful, probably in part due to the on-going festivities!
Monday 6th May
Another almost cloudless start and the pre-breakfast stroll was enlivened by a Black-crowned Night Heron, otherwise all else being in order.
The day's route took us over the hills to the north coast, the first stop being at the Panorama layby overlooking Petra bay and across to nearby mainland Turkey. Immediately, calling falcons attracted our attention and three Peregrines wheeled up from below us amongst the Yellow-legged Gulls.
A mass of feeding gulls in the bay contained about 10 Shags, the pale breasts of these immatures of the Mediterranean race standing out even at long range. However, of more interest were the several Common Dolphins feeding alongside the shoal of fish under the gulls, their striped sides sometimes showing as they came up for air.
Small birds in front though soon tore our attention away and a warbler carrying food in the scrub in front raised ID queries, but was soon sorted out as a female Rüppell's, especially when the stunning male with its jet black head and white 'moustache' appeared soon afterwards, and later display-flighted up and twisted as it parachuted down on upraised wings like a butterfly carried in the wind.
Passing Molivos Castle perched over the town (also known as Mithimna) the road paralleled the shore, and other feeding frenzies of gulls out in the channel caught our eye. Stopping again we had brief but distant views of both Cory's and Yelkouan Shearwaters, but both were much better in front of Eftalou, passing over the massed gulls on the water and settling to feed occasionally.
Walking up the coastal track we climbed towards open oak woodland on the steep slopes, with a wealth of birds and plenty of flowers. Black-headed and Cretzschmar's Buntings sang in several places, several Red-backed, a pair of Masked and a fine Woodchat Shrike perched out in the sun, a Common Kestrel and an Eleonora's Falcon passed over. Another raptor passing through was a female Eurasian Sparrowhawk, while later, two different Long-legged Buzzards, one with an Agama dangling in its talons. The hillsides, here covered with the rounded domes of Spiny Burnet made a sharp contrast to the typical orchards and scrub.
Fleeting appearances are never the best, but two separate views of Middle Spotted Woodpecker were frustrating for most. A strange Serin-like call in the oaks alerted us to a Sombre Tit, though its continuous movements through the trees and numerous flights led us a merry dance. In the end it doubled-back, leaving us slightly wanting, though another ahead along the track gave slightly better fly-by views!
The heat was increasing so we headed back for a taverna lunch. A small flock of Alpine Swifts passed over at height, along with another Eleonora's Falcon for the back-markers.
Under the shade and surrounded by cats we sampled an interesting selection of dishes, though wildlife included a Scarce Swallowtail in the courtyard.
We returned southwards in the heat of the afternoon. A heavy heat, though the sight of c. 60 White-winged, several Whiskered, Common and Little Terns in a wheeling melee over one of the Kalloni saltpans was a fine sight and buoyed us up. About 40 Little Egrets also dotted the pools and a couple of Gull-billed Terns flew by the bus on the way back as a White Stork picked through adjacent fields.
The evening meal was slightly curtailed in order to go out for the last rays of light. As the light dimmed, so a 'kwok' sound alerted us to a Night Heron quitting its roost in some nearby trees, which flew past before dropping into the sedges in the pool in front. At least five others also came out of the poplars, delighting all. However, all was certainly not over, since as the light dimmed, so the stars came out, preceded by no less than five planets: Mercury (small and low right!), Venus (brilliant and bottom right-hand side of the triangle), Saturn with its rings on the skew, Mars (small and reddish and forming the top the triangle), and high up, Jupiter, with two dark bands across the face of the planet and three of the four visible moons showing.
Our final parting shot was a series of Turkish Geckos on the outside walls of the hotel and various bats around the trees and lights.
Tuesday 7th May
Another cool start with fine high cloud, but it soon cleared and warmed up. Those walking to the West River found Sheila emerging from the Tamarisks with a young man in tow, much to their amusement... Avian interest included a few Black-headed Wagtails, Kentish Plover and no less than three Stone-curlews, with the remaining time at the hotel pool producing a fly-over Caspian Tern for variety.
A quick visit to the Kalloni saltpans was briefly delayed by a flock of Red-footed Falcons passing high over, but a superb pair of the species perched on wires over the grazed meadows there were rightly admired at length by all. A Woodchat Shrike and no less than five Greater Short-toed Larks made a fine supporting cast, though two calling Red-throated Pipits were only seen in flight. Another large bird up high turned into our first decent Short-toed Eagle, which circled a few times over two passing White Storks before drifting away.
Terns over the pools again included White-winged, Whiskered, Common and Littles, with two Avocets and over fifty Little Egrets of note.
The drive north immediately took us into hilly wooded landscapes with olives and then pines, with a break at the Karynis Springs for a drink, refreshingly cool. Looking into the extraordinary hollow Oriental Plane Tree, we wondered about its former human inhabitant, while outside, a Middle Spotted Woodpecker gave good but brief views for a few.
We passed through the narrow streets of Agiassos and continued up towards the upper limit of the pinewood. Here a cool breeze was blowing, but birds, including several Serins and singing Subalpine Warblers were very active. The flowers really came into their own though, with stunning anemones, Pontic Fritillaries, the peculiar flower spikes of Arum conophalloides and the plants of Dragon Arum, while orchids were good, with numerous Toothed and Green-winged, a few Four-spotted and a couple of Yellow Bee Orchids.
Lunch was taken on a track overlooking a walnut orchard, out of which had flown a Middle Spotted Woodpecker, but a raptor passing over carrying food suddenly climbed up, then with wings raised high flickered them in display for a few seconds. This extraordinary sight was repeated numerous times to the delight of all before the male Honey Buzzard glided off. A Black Stork passing over minutes later hardly raised attention in comparison!
We climbed further up the road after lunch, noting Narrow-leaved Helleborine on the way, before suddenly entering Sweet Chestnut woodland - a remarkable division between the two being present. A short walk under the trees here produced the first of a few Orange Tulips and our first Provençal Orchids as well as a couple of spikes of Violet Limodore, with feathered interest including Wren and singing Robin.
Another Middle Spot further up the road gave us the slip, but a few more fine tulips and a Short-toed Treecreeper did not.
The return was via Agiassos, where we walked a winding route down through the narrow streets, stopping to savour the local sights and sounds of the shops (sticky cakes included!) and church, and a most enjoyable stroll.
Back with sufficient time, a few went out to see if the Great Bittern would show again about 6pm, but two dogs ruined the late-comers' plans, helping the bird to fly about 10 minutes before most of us went down...
Wednesday 8th May
Early morning was cooler, but three adult and a sub-adult Night Heron were the highlight, mostly perched in the sun, high in poplars near the hotel.
We headed north again, this time to the tiny village of Petri, with a delightful walk along a track which cut across a steep hillside and ran through orchards below thick woodland. There were superb views almost continuously down over nearby Petra and along the coast north-eastwards, including the Rüppell's Warbler viewpoint and even over a little ridge to Molivos Castle, with Turkey in the distance.
Common Buzzards were very evident, the first passing low over before we'd even left the village, with numbers of Common Swifts noticeable over the slopes above and a male Black-headed Bunting sang its rather tropical-sounding ditty from a telegraph pole. Some stones on the edge of the track looked promising, with a couple of extraordinary yellow-spotted black millipedes, though investigation of something moving under a piece of wood almost under Pauline's feet revealed a pale scorpion and the end of the rock-turning exploits!
Looking down to various rock outcrops, so a female Blue Rock Thrush was spotted peering over a large boulder, though a family group of Rock Nuthatches required time to see well. Black-eared Wheatears were very much a feature, with a fine male being chased off by a Persian Squirrel, though others came close in the treetops. A high Eleonora's Falcon attracted attention from the rest of the party. A couple of high Alpine Swifts wheeled in the blue, but a calling Tree Pipit eluded us completely. More Rock Nuthatches, Black-eared Wheatears and a fine Cirl Bunting overhead in a bare treetop provided distraction between various comings and goings of more Common Buzzards.
A strange call attracted our attention, but the bird eluded us, but fortunately it was repeated shortly afterwards, alerting us to another Sombre Tit which then sang from the top of an oak. Chasing this up, we finally had excellent views of a pair flitting from oak to fig, though they disappeared for a while, allowing us to watch a superb male Masked Shrike dive-bombing a Jay, the female shrike sitting on a fence in front of us for several minutes as it dismembered a sizeable prey. As we turned to retrace our steps, so the Sombre Tit male reappeared and finally sat still for several minutes as he preened allowing prolonged scope views. Wonderful!
The now sunny and warm conditions had enticed out a few butterflies including numbers of Eastern Festoons and a few Small Coppers and a very worn Painted Lady.
We drove the short distance down to Petra for a superb taverna lunch under the church, here perched on a rock jutting up from the middle of the town. After copious food and drinks, we ambled back through the centre, pausing at the Greek Orthodox Chapel to see the fine wall paintings, though the old script defeated our simple attempts at translation. Most, however, climbed up to the church, where we coincided with the very end of a service, but back out onto the viewpoint, we were admiring an enormous tree on the edge of town when we realised that a woodpecker hole in one of the trunks was still occupied, a fine pair of Middle Spotted Woodpeckers changing shift. After a short wait for the rest of the church visitors to gather, we watched the male reappear and cling to the trunk under the hole on a couple of occasions.
With the warmth making us drowsy, we went down for a spot of last-minute bargain hunting before sleeping our way back to the hotel...
The snooze revived most, so from c.5:30pm there was a little gathering by the pool outside. With fly-bys of the Great Bittern at about 6pm the previous two days, would it repeat the act? Not so, despite tantalisingly raising its head a few times through the sedges in front, only Ron managing to see it. Three Purple Herons hunted through the sedges, while Little Bitterns flew regularly as on previous afternoons and a roosting Night Heron and another in flight over the marsh and the village were notable.
Thursday 9th May
The earlier early morning by the Kalloni pool, given our planned 8:30am exit from the hotel, was distinctly cooler and cloudy. However, this appeared to have dropped a few more migrants, Glossy Ibis in slightly higher numbers and no less than eight Squacco Herons, a Little Egret, a Purple Heron and several Little Bitterns on view at once!
The transfer went without a hitch, our driver, Leandros, even picking up a lady who worked at the airport en route, and this seemed to do the trick, as we arrived before most and went straight through check-in. This was fortunate since the massed ranks of other departing holiday-makers were forced to line-up outside, and given a delayed later flight, produced a mass build-up in the tiny waiting room.
[ KP = Kalloni II pool ; KS = Kalloni Saltpans ]
Little Grebe / Dabchick: Noted each day, usually 2 on KP, but with 4 on 2nd.
Yelkouan Shearwater: Noted only on 1 day, at least 40 off Eftalou on 6th.
Cory's Shearwater: Noted only on 1 day, c.10 off Eftalou on 6th.
European Shag: Noted on 2 days with 4 off Sigri on 4th, c.10 off Panorama layby on 6th.
Grey Heron: Noted most days.
Purple Heron: Noted each day at KP, usually 1 or 2, though 3 there on 8th, also 1 East River on 5th.
Great [White] Egret: Noted only on 1 day, 1 'Derbyshire' on 3rd.
Little Egret: Noted most days, max 56 KS on 7th.
Squacco Heron: Noted each day at various sites, max c.10 KP on 3rd.
Black-crowned Night-Heron: Noted on 2 days with at least 6 flying out from roost near hotel on 6th, 4 at roost in the morning of 8th.
Little Bittern: Noted most days, max 8 KP on 2nd.
Great Bittern: Noted on 4 days at KP, 1 on 5th - 8th.
Greater Flamingo: Noted on 3 days at KS, present on 2nd as we passed in the coach, c.600 on 3rd, c.20 on 7th.
Black Stork: Noted on 3 days with 4 on 3rd, 1 KP on 4th, 1 Agiassos on 7th.
White Stork: Noted each day at various sites, including a pair on its nest near Skala Kalloni.
Glossy Ibis: Noted each day with up to 40 KP, also noted at other sites.
Mute Swan: Noted on 4 days with 5 'Derbyshire' on 2nd, 8 'Derbyshire' on 3rd, 8 East River on 5th, 1 'Derbyshire' on 7th.
Ruddy Shelduck: Noted only on 1 day, 3 on 3rd.
Common Shelduck: Noted on 3 days with 6 on 3rd, 9 KS on 6th, 1 KS on 7th.
Garganey: Noted each day with up to 8 KP, mainly males, 1 female.
Northern Shoveler: Noted each day with 2 males at KP.
European Honey-Buzzard: Noted only on 1 day, a pair displaying over Agiassos on 7th.
Short-toed Eagle: Noted on 2 days with 1 very high over Potamia valley on 5th, 1 KS on 7th.
Montagu's Harrier: Noted on 2 days with 2 on 3rd, a female KP on 4th.
[Eurasian] Marsh Harrier: Noted on 4 days with 1 female KP on 2nd, 4 on 3rd, 2 on 5th, 1 KP on 7th.
Levant Sparrowhawk: Noted only on 1 day, 1 over Agh.Ioannis, near Parakila, on 5th.
Eurasian Sparrowhawk: Noted only on 1 day, 1 Eftalou on 6th.
Northern Goshawk: Noted only on 1 day, 1 briefly from bus on 4th.
Common Buzzard: Noted on 5 days with 3 on 3rd, 1 on 4th, 2 prs Potamia Valley on 5th, 1 on 7th, at least 4 Petri on 8th.
Long-legged Buzzard: Noted on 5 days with 4 on 4th, 5 on 5th, 3 Eftalou on 6th, 1 Agiassos on 7th, 1 Petri on 8th.
Lesser Kestrel: Noted only on 1 day, c.30 Sigri on 4th.
Common/Eurasian Kestrel: Noted on 4 days, ones or twos at various sites.
Red-footed Falcon: Noted on 3 days, 3 males 1 female KP on 2nd, 2 over Parakila on 5th, at least 15 circling high and drifting north near KS plus 2 on wires at KS on 7th.
Eleonora's Falcon: Noted on 3 days with 2 Skalochori on 4th, 2 Eftalou on 6th, 1 Petri on 8th.
Peregrine Falcon: Noted on 3 days with 1 KP on 2nd, 2 on 4th, 3 Panorama viewpoint on 6th.
Chukar: Noted only on 1 day, 1 near Petrified Forest on 4th.
Water Rail: Noted on 5 days at KP; 2 on 3rd, 1 on 4th - 6th, heard on 7th.
Baillon's Crake: Noted only on 1 day, an adult at KP on 5th.
Common Moorhen: Noted each day at KP.
Eurasian/Common Coot: Noted each day at KP.
Black-winged Stilt: Noted each day at various sites, several nesting at KP.
Pied Avocet: Noted on 2 days with c.140 East River mouth on 5th, 2 KS on 7th.
Stone-curlew: Noted on 3 days with 1 West River & 3 KS on 3rd, 4 West River on 4th, 3 West River & heard KS on 7th.
Little (Ringed) Plover: Noted on 3 days with 1 KS on 3rd, 5 on 5th, 1 KP on 7th.
Kentish Plover: Noted on 3 days, West River and KS.
Wood Sandpiper: Noted each day with good numbers KP & KS.
Common Sandpiper: Noted on 2 days with 1 'Derbyshire' on 3rd, 2 on 5th.
Little Stint: Noted on 2 days with 7 West River & 6 KS on 3rd, several distantly at KS on 7th.
Curlew Sandpiper: Noted on 2 days with c.20 KS on 3rd, distantly KS on 7th.
Ruff: Noted each day with 16 KP on 2nd, c.1000 KS on 3rd, very few KP on 4th, c.10 KP on 5th, a few on 6th, present (not counted) on 7th, at least 7 KP on 8th.
Yellow-legged Gull: Noted each day.
Little Gull: Noted only on 1 day, a first winter bird KS on 3rd.
Caspian Tern: Noted only on 1 day, 1 over KP on 7th.
Sandwich Tern: Noted only on 1 day, 2 East River mouth on 5th.
Whiskered Tern: Noted most days, up to 20 KP & KS.
White-winged [Black] Tern: Noted most days, with up to 12 KP; also 4 flying north off Sigri on 4th, and c.60 KS on 6th.
Gull-billed Tern: Noted on 3 days with 15 KS on 3rd, 2 KS on 6th, 2 KP on 8th.
Common Tern: Noted on 5 days.
Little Tern: Noted on 4 days.
Rock Dove / Feral Pigeon: Noted on 5 days.
[European] Turtle Dove: Noted on 4 days.
[Eurasian] Collared Dove: Noted each day.
Little Owl: Noted on 2 days with up to 4 on 4th & 5th.
Alpine Swift: Noted on 3 days with at least 20 above Skalochori on 4th, at least 8 Eftalou on 6th, & Petri on 8th.
Common Swift: Noted each day.
European Bee-eater: Noted most days with at least 30 KS on 3rd, then each day until 3 high over Petri on 8th.
European Roller: Noted only on 1 day, 1 'Derbyshire' on 3rd.
Eurasian Hoopoe: Noted on 4 days with 1 Achladeri on 3rd, heard on 4th & 5th, and again distantly at Petri on 8th.
Middle Spotted Woodpecker: Noted on 4 days with 1 between Skala Kalloni & East River mouth on 5th, 1 Eftalou on 6th, several seen but poor views on 7th, a pair feeding young below Petra church on 8th.
[Greater] Short-toed Lark: Noted on 2 days with 6+ KS on 3rd, 5 KS on 7th.
Crested Lark: Noted each day.
[European] Sand Martin: Noted on 5 days.
[Eurasian] Crag Martin: Noted only on 1 day, 2 at Ipsilou on 4th.
Barn Swallow: Noted each day.
Red-rumped Swallow: Noted most days, max at least 40 on 3rd.
[Common] House Martin: Noted each day.
Yellow Wagtail: Noted on 5 days, males of feldegg (Black-headed) race looking stunning, rather fewer of flava (Blue-headed) race.
Citrine Wagtail: Noted only on 1 day, a super male at Potamia river bridge on 5th.
Tree Pipit: Noted only on 1 day, heard calling distantly Petri on 8th.
Red-throated Pipit: Noted on 2 days with at least 20 KS on 3rd, 2 over KS on 7th.
Red-backed Shrike: Noted on 5 days with 3 males 1 female 'Derbyshire' on 3rd, many throughout day on 4th, many on 5th, 2 Eftalou on 6th, 1 male Petri on 8th.
Lesser Grey Shrike: Noted on 3 days with 1 'Derbyshire' on 3rd, 2 on 4th, 2 on 5th.
Masked Shrike: Noted on 5 days with 1 singnig & displaying Achladeri on 3rd, 1 on 4th, 1 on 5th, a pair Eftalou on 6th, a pair Petri on 8th.
Woodchat Shrike: Noted most days with 3 'Derbyshire' on 3rd, a few on 4th, at least 2 on 5th, 1 Eftalou on 6th, 1 KS on 7th, 1 Petri on 8th.
[Winter] Wren: Noted only on 7th.
Blue Rock Thrush: Noted on 2 days with several throughout day on 4th, 1f Petri on 8th.
Common Blackbird: Noted most days.
Common/Rufous Nightingale: Noted each day, sometimes surrounded by song, one or two birds seen.
Rufous Bushchat / Scrub-robin: Noted on 2 days with 1 'Derbyshire' on 3rd, 2 from bus on 4th.
Whinchat: Noted on 4 days with 7 on 3rd, several on 4th & 5th, 2 Eftalou on 6th.
Common Stonechat: Noted only on 1 day, several from bus on 4th.
Northern Wheatear: Noted on 2 days with 1 male KS on 3rd, 2 on 4th.
Black-eared Wheatear: Noted on 5 days.
Isabelline Wheatear: Noted only on 1 day, several above Eressos turning on 4th.
Cetti's Warbler: Noted each day, often heard, sometimes seen.
Sedge Warbler: Noted on 4 days.
[Eurasian] Reed Warbler: Noted only on 1 day, 1 at East River mouth on 5th.
Great Reed Warbler: Noted on 4 days with heard briefly KP on 4th, 1 Potamia valley & 1 East River mouth on 5th, heard Kallonia on 6th, 1 KP on 7th.
Olivaceous Warbler: Noted each day, often heard in song, regularly seen well near hotel.
Icterine Warbler: Noted only on 1 day, 2 Ipsilou on 4th.
Wood Warbler: Noted only on 1 day, 2 Ipsilou on 4th.
Blackcap: Noted on 3 days with 1 male 'Derbyshire' on 3rd, several Ipsilou on 4th, 1 female at Petri on 8th.
Common Whitethroat: Noted only on 1 day, 1 female East River on 5th.
Lesser Whitethroat: Noted on 2 days with several Ipsilou on 4th, 1 Panorama viewpoint on 6th.
Orphean Warbler: Noted on 2 days with a male Parakila on 5th, heard Panorama viewpoint on 6th.
Rüppell's Warbler: Noted only on 1 day, a pair apparently feeding young at the Panorama viewpoint on 6th.
Subalpine Warbler: Noted on 4 days with good views at Skalochori then noted regularly on 4th, 5th, 7th & 8th.
Spotted Flycatcher: Noted on 4 days with 4 Achladeri on 3rd, at least 30 Ipsilou on 4th, 1 Potamia valley on 5th, 1 Karynnis Springs on 7th.
[European] Pied Flycatcher: Noted on 2 days with 1f Achladeri on 3rd, c.6 Ipsilou on 4th.
Collared Flycatcher: Noted on 2 days with 1f Achladeri on 3rd, 2f Ipsilou on 4th.
Sombre Tit: Noted on 2 days with 2 Eftalou on 6th, at least 3 Petri on 8th.
Great Tit: Noted most days.
Blue Tit: Noted most days.
Krüper's Nuthatch: Noted only on 1 day, 2 males Achladeri on 3rd.
Western Rock Nuthatch: Noted on 3 days with 1 Ipsilou & 1 Eressos turning on 4th, a pair Agh. Ioannis on 5th, 2 families 8 birds near Petri on 8th.
Short-toed Treecreeper: Noted on 2 days, near Achladeri on 3rd, Petri on 7th.
Eurasian Jay: Noted on 5 days.
Western/Eurasian Jackdaw: Noted on 2 days with many at Sigri on 4th & Petra on 8th.
Hooded Crow: Noted each day.
Common Raven: Noted on 2 days with 2 'Derbyshire' on 3rd, 1 Petri on 8th.
[Eurasian] Golden Oriole: Noted only on 1 day, 5 at Petrified Forest on 4th.
Corn Bunting: Noted each day.
Cinereous Bunting: Noted only on 1 day, good views of singing males Ipsilou & Petrified Forest on 4th.
Cretzschmar's Bunting: Noted on 4 days.
Cirl Bunting: Noted on 5 days.
Black-headed Bunting: Noted most days.
Common/European Chaffinch: Noted most days.
European Serin: Noted on 2 days with a few Achladeri on 3rd, good views Agiassos on 7th.
European Greenfinch: Noted most days.
European Goldfinch: Noted each day.
House Sparrow: Noted each day.
Spanish Sparrow: Noted each day.
Rock Sparrow / Rock Petronia: Noted only on 1 day, 6 Ipsilou on 4th.
BUTTERFLIES & other insects:
Swallowtail: Noted only on 5th.
Scarce Swallowtail: Noted most days.
Eastern Festoon: Noted most days.
Large White: Noted on 5 days, on 3rd - 6th, & 8th.
Small White: Noted on 2 days on 2nd & 5th.
Eastern Dappled White: Noted on 5 days on 3rd - 6th, & 8th.
Clouded Yellow: Noted on 5 days on 2nd - 6th.
Small Copper: Noted on 3 days on 3rd, 5th & 8th.
Holly Blue: Noted on 2 days on 6th & 7th.
Common Blue: Noted on 3 days on 5th - 7th.
Southern White Admiral: Noted only on 6th.
Red Admiral: Noted most days.
Painted Lady: Noted on 4 days on 5th - 8th.
Lesser Spotted Fritillary: Noted on 2 days on 3rd & 4th.
'Aegean Meadow Brown', Maniola telmessia: Noted on 2 days on 5th & 6th.
Small Heath: Noted on 5 days on 3rd - 6th, & 8th.
Wall Brown: Noted only on 4th.
Orbed Red-underwing Skipper: Noted on 2 days on 5th & 8th.
Oriental Marbled Skipper: Noted only on 5th.
DRAGONFLIES & DAMSELFLIES:
Lesser Emperor: Noted only on 5th.
White-legged Damselfly: Noted only on 5th.
Broad-bodied Chaser: Noted only on 5th.
Enallagma fatime: Noted only at Achladeri on 3rd.
Darter sp.: Unidentified species noted on 5th.
Eastern Hedgehog: One dead on road on 4th.
Common Dolphin: Noted only on 6th, at least 3 off Panorama viewpoint.
Noctule bat: Noted only on 6th when 1 over KP.
Beech Marten: Probable spraints on 7th & 8th.
Persian Squirrel: Noted on 5 days.
Brown Rat: One dead on road on 7th.
AMPHIBIANS & REPTILES:
Eastern Spadefoot Toad: The large tadpoles at KP were this species, much loved by Whiskered Terns, Little Bitterns etc etc!
Green Toad: Noted on 2 days, one dead at Sigri on 4th, 2 found on 5th.
Common Tree Frog: Heard calling at night at KP on 4 days.
Marsh Frog / Lake Frog: Noted each day.
Stripe-necked Terrapin: Noted on 4 days, KP, Potamia weir & river, East River.
Turkish Gecko: Noted on 5 days at the hotel.
Agama: Noted on 5 days.
Balkan Green Lizard: Noted on 4 days.
Balkan Wall Lizard: Noted on 5 days.
Dice Snake: Noted on 2 days at KP.
[Nos. on right refer to Grey-Wilson & Blamey, Mediterranean Wild Flowers]
Pinaceae: Pinus halepensis Aleppo Pine 1
Pinus brutia Calabrian Pine 2
Pinus pinea Stone Pine / Umbrella Pine 3
Cupressaceae: Cypressus sempervirens (forma. sempervirens)
Funeral Cypress 11
Cypressus sempervirens (forma. horizontalis)
Italian Cypress 11a
Juniperus oxacedrus macrocarpa
Prickly Juniper 15a
Ephedraceae: Ephedra fragilis campylopoda Joint Pine 20a
Fagaceae: Castanea sativa Sweet Chestnut 23
Quercus coccifera Kermes Oak 24
Quercus ilex Holm Oak 25
Salicaceae: Salix pedicellata Mediterranean Willow 35
Juglandaceae: Juglans regia Walnut (planted)
Moraceae: Morus alba White Mulberry (planted) 41
Ficus carica Fig 42
Urticaceae: Urtica dioica Stinging Nettle 47
Urtica pilulifera Roman Nettle 48
Parietaria judaica Pellitory-of-the-wall 50
Chenopodiaceae: Salicornia europaea Salicornia/Glasswort/Sea Samphire 85
Aizoaceae: Carpobrotus aciniformis Hottentot Fig 116
Caryophyllaceae: Silene vulgaris Bladder Campion 157
Kohlrauschia velutina Proliferous Pink / Kohlrauschia 187
Ranunculaceae: Anemone coronaria Crown Anemone 211
Anemone pavonina Peacock Anemone 212
Papaveraceae: Papaver rhoeas Common / Corn Poppy 283
Papaver hybridum Rough Poppy 290
Papaver apulum 291
Glaucium flavum Yellow Horned-poppy 293
Hypecoum imberbe Hypecoum 297
Fumariaceae: Fumaria officinalis Common Fumitory 306
Cruciferae: Matthiola sinuata Sea Stock 326
Sinapis arvensis Charlock 359
Raphanus raphanistrum Wild Radish 369
Resedaceae: Reseda orientalis Oriental Mignonette 379
Crassulaceae: Umbilicus rupestris Navelwort / Wall Pennywort 396
Platanaceae: Platanus orientalis Plane Tree 400
Rosaceae: Rosa sempervirens Wild Rose 404
Sarcopoterium spinosum Spiny/Thorny Burnet 411
Crataegus monogyna Hawthorn 420
Leguminosae: Spartium junceum Spanish Broom 481
Lupinus sp. Lupin sp. c.487
Vicia sativa Common Vetch 531
Lathyrus sphaericus 541
Or L. setifolius 544
Lathyrus cicera Red Vetchling 545
Medicago arborea Tree Medick 598
Trifolium resupinatum Reversed Clover 657
Trifolium pilulare Ball Cotton Clover 659
Trifolium stellatum Star Clover 662
Linaceae: Linum bienne Pale Flax 777
Euphorbiaceae: Euphorbia acanthothamnos Greek Spiny Spurge 794
Euphorbia myrsinites Broad-leaved Glaucous Spurge 801
Euphorbia rigida Narrow-leaved Glaucous Spurge 802
Euphorbia characias [Large] Mediterranean Spurge 818
Rutaceae: Citrus sinensis Orange 836
Anacardiaceae: Pistachia terebinthus Turpentine Tree / Terebinth 861
Vitaceae: Vitus vinifera Grape / Common Vine 889
Malvaceae: Malva sylvestris Common Mallow 898
Althea rosea Common Hollyhock 905
Cistaceae: Cistus creticus Cretan Cistus 962
Cistus parvifolius Small-flowered Cistus 964
Cistus salvifolius Sage-leaved Cistus 965
Tamaricaceae: Tamarix smyrnensis Tamarisk 1022
Cucurbitaceae: Ecballium elaterium Squirting Cucumber 1032
Umbelliferae: Eryngium maritimum Sea Holly 1073
Smyrnium perfoliatum Perfoliate Alexanders 1088
Ferula communis Giant Fennel 1141
Tordylium apulum Tordylium 1149
Primulaceae: Anagallis arvensis Scarlet Pimpernel (red & blue forms,
& purple form at Petrified Forest) 1198
Cyclamen graeca Greek Sowbread/Cyclamen 1205
Plumbaginaceae: Limonium sinuatum Winged Sea Lavender 1220
Oleaceae: Olea europaea Olive (planted) 1248
Boraginaceae: Echium plantagineum Purple Viper's Bugloss 1383 Anchusa undulata Undulate Anchusa 1406a
Labiatae: Ballota acetabulosa Garden Horehound / Ballota 1469
Lavandula stoechas French Lavender 1528
Solanaceae: Hyoscyamus albus White Henbane 1555
Scrophulariaceae: Verbascum sinuatum/graeca Greek Mullein 1601
Verbascum undulatum Wavy-leaved Mullein 1602
Linaria pelisseriana Jersey Toadflax 1621
Veronica cymbalaria Cymbalaria-leaved Speedwell 1646
Parentucellia latifolia Parentucellia 1652
Valerianaceae: Valerianella sp. Corn Salad species c.1714
Dipsacaceae: Scabiosa sp. Scabious species c.1743
Campanulaceae: Campanula rapunculus Rampion Bellflower 1759
Campanula anchusaeflora ???
Legousia pentagonica Pentagonica 1780
Compositae: Evax pygmaea Evax 1805
Doronicum orientale Leopardsbane ???
Chrysanthemum segetum Corn Marigold 1894
Chrysanthemum coronarium Crown Daisy 1895
Calendula arvensis Field / Spring Marigold 1908
Echinops ritro Globe Thistle 1937
Galactites tomentosa Galactites 1971
Silybum marianum Milk Thistle 1982
Centaurea cyanus Cornflower 2008
Tragopogon porrifolius Salsify / Mediterranean Goatsbeard 2055
Tragopogon hybridum 2056
Crepis rubra Pink Hawksbeard 2070
Liliaceae: Asphodelus albus White Asphodel 2091
Tulipa orphanidea Orange Wild Tulip 2141
Fritillaria pontica Pontic Fritillary 2154
Ornithogalum narbonense Slender Star of Bethlehem 2166
Ornithogalum nutans Large Star of Bethlehem 2173
Muscari comosum Tassel Hyancinth 2201
Muscari neglectum Common Grape Hyacinth 2206
Iridaceae: Iris orientalis Oriental Iris 2287
Gynandriris sisyrinchium Barbary Nut 2305
Gladiolus italicus Field Gladiolus 2307
Araceae: Dracunculus vulgaris Dragon Arum 2358
Arum conophalloides Eastern Arum 2364
Orchidaceae: Cephalanthera longifolia Long- / Narrow-leaved Helleborine 2383
Limodorum abortivum Violet Bird's Nest Orchid 2386
Comperia comperiana Komper's Orchid 2400
Orchis morio [ssp. picta] Green-winged Orchid 2403a
Orchis tridentata Toothed Orchid 2407
Orchis provincialis Provence Orchid 2417
Orchis quadripunctata Four-spotted Orchid 2419
Orchis laxiflora Lax- / Loose-flowered Orchid 2420
Ophrys lutea [ssp. galilaea] Yellow Bee Orchid 2423a
Anacamptis pyramidalis Pyramidal Orchid 2447
Serapias parviflora Small-flowered Tongue Orchid 2452
Gramineae: Arundo donax Giant Reed 2494
We hope you had a superb time on the island and pleasant trips home afterwards. We look forward to seeing you again in the future. With very best wishes,
Keith Grant & John Muddeman, May 2002